Tyler County, West Virginia
Tyler County Courthouse in Middlebourne
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 6, 1814|
|Named for||John Tyler, Sr.|
|Largest city||Paden City|
|• Total||261 sq mi (680 km2)|
|• Land||256 sq mi (660 km2)|
|• Water||4.4 sq mi (11 km2) 1.7%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||35/sq mi (14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Tyler County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,208. Its county seat is Middlebourne. The county was founded in 1814 and is named after John Tyler, Sr., father of President John Tyler.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Attractions
- 6 Communities
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
Tyler County was formed from a portion of Ohio County on December 6, 1814. On June 20, 1863, at the height of the Civil War, Tyler was one of fifty Virginia counties that entered the Union as the state of West Virginia.
Later that year, the counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impractical in the heavily rural state, and in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts. Tyler County was divided into six districts: Centreville,[i] Ellsworth, Lincoln, McElroy, Meade, and Union. Except for minor adjustments, these districts were largely unchanged until the 1980s, when they were consolidated into four new magisterial districts: Central, North, South, and West. The names and boundaries of the historic magisterial districts continued to exist in the form of tax and assessment districts.
- Wetzel County (northeast)
- Doddridge County (southeast)
- Ritchie County (southwest)
- Pleasants County (west)
- Washington County, Ohio (west)
- Monroe County, Ohio (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,592 people, 3,836 households, and 2,834 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 4,780 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.35% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,836 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,290, and the median income for a family was $35,320. Males had a median income of $34,250 versus $18,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,216. About 12.20% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,208 people, 3,858 households, and 2,638 families residing in the county. The population density was 35.9 inhabitants per square mile (13.9/km2). There were 5,000 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.0% white, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.0% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.3% were German, 16.1% were English, 12.7% were Irish, and 11.8% were American.
Of the 3,858 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.2 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,496 and the median income for a family was $42,209. Males had a median income of $37,414 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,245. About 12.9% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
After having leaned strongly towards the Democratic Party between the New Deal and Bill Clinton's presidency, most of West Virginia has since 2000 seen an extremely rapid swing towards the Republican Party due to declining unionization. In contrast, Tyler County, along with neighboring Doddridge County and Ritchie County were historically powerfully Unionist and have been rock-ribbed Republican since the Civil War. Only two Democratic presidential candidates have won Tyler County since West Virginia's statehood: Woodrow Wilson in 1912, who won by just 64 votes, and Bill Clinton in 1996.
- Sisters Fest, Sistersville, mid-March
- Tyler County Fair, Middlebourne, early August
- Heroes Day, Sistersville, early September
- West Virginia Oil & Gas Festival, Sistersville, mid-September
- Sistersville Marble Festival, Sistersville, late September
- Middle Island Harvest Festival, Middlebourne, early October
- Sistersville Ferry, Sistersville
- Tyler County Museum, Middlebourne. Previously Tyler County High School, replaced by Tyler Consolidated High School in 1993
- Wells Inn, Sistersville
- Conaway Run Lake Wildlife Management Area, near Centerville (man-made)
- The Jug Wildlife Management Area, near Middlebourne
- Tyler County Speedway, Middlebourne
- Wilbur Cooper (1892-1973) — Major League Baseball pitcher (1912–26), who spent most of his career with the Pittsburgh Pirates. Born on Davis Run.
- Arthur I. Boreman (1823–96) — West Virginia's first governor moved to Middlebourne as an infant. He received his education and was admitted to the bar while resident here in 1845.
- Cecil H. Underwood (1922-2008) — Twice governor of West Virginia, he was the 25th and 32nd Governor of West Virginia from 1957 until 1961 and from 1997 until 2001. He was born in Josephs Mills and graduated from Middlebourne High School in 1940.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Otis K. Rice & Stephen W. Brown, West Virginia: A History, 2nd ed., University Press of Kentucky, Lexington (1993), p. 240.
- United States Census Bureau, U.S. Decennial Census, Tables of Minor Civil Divisions in West Virginia, 1870–2010.
- West Virginia List of Districts by County, accessed February 2018.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Schwartzman, Gabe; 'How Central Appalachia Went Right'
- "Presidential Election of 1912 – Map by Counties (.xlsx file for €15)". Géoelections. Retrieved 2017-06-06.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- "Tyler County". The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Arthur Ingraham Boreman". The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Cecil Underwood". The West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council. Retrieved 18 September 2014.