Tymandus or Tymandos (Ancient Greek: Τύμανδος) also known as Mandos, Mandas Kiri, or Yassi Veran, was a Roman and Byzantine-era city in northern Pisidia (now southern Turkey). A number of monuments from Roman times remain in the area.
The area has a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa) with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.
During the 3rd century the residents of Tymandus asked the Roman Emperor for municipal status; their request was granted, as recorded in both an inscription in Tymandus, and an epistle of the emperor, possibly Diocletian.
Bownmann and Garnsey have argued that Tymandus was actually a village, not a town and that the granting of municipal status was unusual. They argue the wording of the grant is for the granting of municipal status rather than being an actual city. Levick, however, argues that Tymandus had in the 2nd century been a mere village, but by the time of the municipal grant had grown significantly, so that the grant merely reflected a recognition of this change.
Pont has postulated that the granting of the municipal status was to placate a particularly vocal community.
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- Pont, Anne-Valérie., The City at the Theater in Anatolia from the 260s to the 320s AD: Signs of a Major Transformation (2014) 2 CHS Research Bulletin 2
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