Tyne-class lifeboat

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RNLI Tyne class lifeboat
Class overview
Name: Tyne-class lifeboat
Operators: Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Preceded by: Rother, Oakley, Solent
Succeeded by: Trent, Tamar, Shannon
Cost: £1.2 Million
Built: 1982–1990
In service: 1983–
Completed: 40
Active: 1
Retired: 31
General characteristics
Displacement: 26 long tons (26 t)
Length: 47 ft (14 m)
Beam: 14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)
Draught: 4 ft 2 in (1.27 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × DDEC V6 diesels
  • 2 × GM V6 diesels or 2 × V8 diesels
Speed: 17.6 knots (20.3 mph; 32.6 km/h)
Range: 240 nmi (440 km)
Capacity:
  • Self Righting 20
  • Non-Self Righting 100
Complement: 6 + doctor

The Tyne-class lifeboat is a class of lifeboat that currently serves the shores of the UK and Ireland as a part of the RNLI fleet. They are named after the River Tyne in north-east England.

They are designed to be launched from slipways or operate in shallow waters where hitting the bottom is a concern. The class was introduced in 1982, and the last boat was built in 1990.

The Tyne class is gradually being retired. Initially they were superseded by the Tamar class lifeboat, which is 7 knots faster than the Tyne class. However, only 27 Tamars have been built, compared to 40 Tynes, leaving the remaining Tynes on station to be replaced with the latest Shannon-class boats.

History[edit]

The two prototype boats were built in 1982: 47-001 City of London (ON 1074) and 47-002 Sam and Joan Woods (ON 1075). Following completion of the test programme, City of London entered service at Selsey in November 1983 while Sam and Joan Woods was put into service in the relief fleet in 1984, by which time the first production boats were under construction.

Eventually forty boats were built. The last, Hermione Lady Colwyn (ON 1158), went into service at Shoreham Harbour in September 1990 and served at that station until 2010 when she was withdrawn and sold, the only Tyne not to record over twenty years' service. The RNLI had retired the first of the class in 2006 although eight of the earliest boats were sold to China for further duties in 2007 and 2008.[1] Selsey received a new Shannon class boat in 2017 after almost 34 years' service by Tyne-class boats, the longest of any station.

Design[edit]

The unusual design of this lifeboat derives from the requirement to deploy from slipway stations built for previous generations of lifeboats, with limited clearance. The Tyne also lies afloat at stations where the approaches, or operating areas, are particularly shallow. As the lifeboat's propellers are protected by heavy bilge keels, she is particularly well suited to operate where there is a danger of hitting the bottom, or tapping as it is known colloquially. The Tyne has a steel hull and aluminium superstructure. The first two were powered by General Motors 8V-71 diesels of 425 bhp, but the production boats switched to the newer GM 6V-92 of the same power. In the 1990s some boats were re-engined with Detroit Diesel 92 DDEC six-cylinder engines of 565 bhp. During the course of production the weight of the boats increased by over 1 ton; this required an increase in superstructure volume to preserve the self-righting capability, resulting in the height of the aft cabin being raised. Later, further doubts about the self-righting capability resulted in air bags being added to the aft cabin roof.

Fleet[edit]

ON[a] Op. No.[b] Name In service Principal Station Comments
1074 47-001 City of London 1983–2006 Selsey (Slipway) Sold to China 2007, now Huaying 388
1075 47-002 Sam and Joan Woods 1984–1993
1993-1996
1996-2006
Relief Fleet
Walton and Frinton (Afloat)
Relief Fleet
Sold to China 2007, now Huaying 389
1094 47-003 James Burrough 1984–2006 Padstow (Slipway) Sold to China 2007, now Huaying 387
1095 47-004 St. Cybi II (Civil Service No. 40) 1985–1997
1997–2006
Holyhead (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold to China 2007, now Huaying 386
1096 47-005 Ethel Anne Measures 1985–2006
2006–2007
The Mumbles (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold to China 2007, now Huaying 385
1097 47-006 Ruby and Arthur Reed 1985–2007
2007–2008
Cromer (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold to China 2008, now Huaying 382
1109 47-007 City of Edinburgh 1985–2002
2002–2008
Fraserburgh (Slipway, 1997-Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold to Uruguay 2010, now ADES 19[2]
1110 47-008 Phil Mead 1986–2006
2006–2008
Teesmouth (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold to China 2008, now Huaying 384
1111 47-009 William Luckin 1986–2000
2000–2007
Arranmore (Afloat)
Lough Swilly (Afloat)
Sold to China 2008, now Huaying 383
1112 47-010 RFA Sir Galahad 1986–2006
2006–2009
Tenby (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold 2010 to Private Buyer
1114 47-011 The Lady Rank 1987–2008
2008–2011
Angle (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold 2011 to Uruguay, now ADES 20[citation needed]
1115 47-012 Good Shepherd 1988–2000
2000-2001
2001-2010
Relief fleet
Lough Swilly (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold 2010. Pilot boat at Inverness.[3]
1116 47-013 Robert and Violet 1988–2013
2013–2015
Moelfre (Slipway)
Lough Swilly (Afloat)[4]
Sold 2015
1117 47-014 James Bibby 1986–2008
2008-2011
Barrow (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold 2011.

Now a permanent exhibit at Barrows Dock Museam.

1120 47-015 Hetty Rampton 1987–2012
2012-2015
Porthdinllaen (Slipway)
Relief fleet[5]
Sold 2015. Now a Pilot Boat with Montrose Port Authority
1121 47-016 Norman Salvesen 1988–1997
1998–2009
2009-2014
Wick (Slipway, 1994-Afloat)
Sennen Cove (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold June 2014
1122 47-017 Owen and Ann Aisher 1988–2012[6] Relief fleet Sold 2013
1126 47-018 Max Aitken III 1987–2010
2010-2013
Bembridge (Slipway)
Relief fleet[7]
Sold June 2014
1127 47-019 Babs and Agnes Robertson 1988–2006
2006–2013
Peterhead (Slipway, 1998-Afloat)
The Mumbles (Slipway)
Sold 2014
1130 47-022 The Baltic Exchange II 1988–2010 Salcombe (Afloat) Sold 2010. Now named Fortune with Seychelles Coast Guard[8]
1131 47-023 City of Sheffield 1988–1996
1997-2000
2001-2016
Whitby (Afloat)
Hartlepool (Afloat)
Poole (Afloat)
National emergency services museum, Sheffield.
1132 47-020 Spirit of Lowestoft 1987–2014
2014-
Lowestoft (Afloat)
Relief fleet
1133 47-021 The Famous Grouse 1987–2004
2004–2010
2010-2012
Relief fleet
Kilmore Quay (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold May 2013 to the Canadian Lifeboat Institution, Richmond BC and renamed

Fraser Lifeboat 1A-04[9]

1137 47-024 Hilda Jarrett 1988–2012
2012-2014[citation needed]
Baltimore (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold 2014
1138 47-025 Lord Saltoun 1988–1999
1999-2012[6]
Longhope (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold October 2012 to D. Ferran and Sons, Belfast Northern Ireland and

renamed as Norma G [10]

1139 47-026 Garside 1988–2016 St Davids (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Retained on station alongside Tamar-class boat until completion of new boathouse in Oct 2016. Now part of relief fleet
1140 47-027 George Gibson 1988–2010
2010–2011[6]
Appledore (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold January 2013, now renamed The John Faulding and owned by Specialist Group International
1141 47-028 Sir John Fisher 1989–2017 Workington (Davit) at cobbs quay on the 9.9.17. painted in grey possibly for sale or sold.
1142 47-029 Mariners Friend 1989–2007
2007-2012
2012-2013[6]
Relief Fleet
Lough Swilly (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold June 2014
1145 47-030 David Robinson 1988–2011
2011-[6]
The Lizard (Slipway)
Relief fleet
Sold by 2017
1146 47-031 Voluntary Worker 1988–1990
1990–2005
2005–2017
Lytham St Annes (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Selsey (Slipway)
Replaced by a Shannon-class boat in 2017
1147 47-032 Sir William Hillary 1988–2018 Douglas (Slipway) Scheduled to be replaced by a Shannon-class boat in 2019. Currently replaced with slipway launched 12-12 Mersey Class - "Marine Engineer " 2018
1151 47-033 Mary Irene Millar 1989–2011
2011-2013[citation needed]
Portpatrick (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold December 2013
1152 47-034 Moonbeam 1989–2015
2015-2016
Montrose (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Replaced with a new Shannon-class during 2015.[11] Sold November 2016.
1153 47-035 Annie Blaker 1989– Wicklow (Slipway)
1154 47-036 Kenneth Thelwall II 1990–1995
1996–2011
Ramsgate (Afloat)
Walton and Frinton (Afloat)[12]
Sold September 2011 to Bere Island Ferries, Ireland[6]
1155 47-037 Sarah Emily Harrop 1990–1998
1998–2007
2007-2010
Lytham St Annes (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Calshot (Afloat)
Sold October 2010 to Bere Island Ferries, Ireland[6]
1156 47-038 William Street 1989–2016 Fleetwood (Afloat) Replaced by a new Shannon-class boat in 2016. Sold to Seafaris Adventures at Skey as Amelia.
1157 47-039 Alexander Coutanche 1989–2009
2009–2010
2010-2012[13]
2012-2015
St Helier (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Calshot (Afloat)
Relief fleet
Sold 2015
1158 47-040 Hermione Lady Colwyn 1990–2010 Shoreham Harbour (Slipway) Sold 2010 to Aegir Nautical at Lymington and renamed Odin.[14][15]
  1. ^ ON is the RNLI's Official Number of the boat.
  2. ^ Op. No. is the RNLI's Operational Number of the boat carried on the hull.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Denton, Tony (2009). Handbook 2009. Shrewsbury: Lifeboat Enthusiasts Society. pp. 28–33.
  2. ^ Ades - British Embassy
  3. ^ Holland, Dan (11 July 2012). "RNLI Kessock prevent 50 tonne fishing boat grounding". RNLI Press Release. Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Tyne-class 47-foot". lifeboatsonline.com. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Tyne-class 47-foot". lifeboatsonline.com. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Leach & Denton, Lifeboat Directory
  7. ^ "Tyne Class Lifeboats". List of RNLI Tyne class Lifeboats with service dates and Details. navynuts.com. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Slip sliding away as a chapter of RNLI history in the south west closes". RNLI.
  9. ^ "More Information About the New "Fraser Lifeboat (1A-04)"". Canadian Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Tyne-class 47-Foot". lifeboatsonline.com. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  11. ^ "Newest lifeboat for new Montrose RNLI station". BBC News Online. BBC. 20 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  12. ^ http://www.waltonfrintonlifeboat.co.uk
  13. ^ "RNLI Calshot Lifeboat - History". RNLI Calshot. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  14. ^ Cassan, Dave (29 April 2010). "Shoreham RNLI volunteer crew bid farewell to "a trusted old friend"". RNLI Press Release. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  15. ^ "The Vessels". Aegir Nautical. Retrieved 2012-10-31.

External links[edit]