Tyne Bridge (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Tyne Bridge in Tyne and Wear for the 2005 general election.
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne Central|
|Created from||Gateshead West, Newcastle upon Tyne Central, Newcastle upon Tyne West, Blaydon, Newcastle upon Tyne North and Gateshead East|
Tyne Bridge was a parliamentary constituency in the north east of England, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1983 until 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
Tyne Bridge contained some of the UK's most deprived areas, and was a safe seat for the Labour Party throughout its existence.
1983-1997: The City of Newcastle wards of Benwell, Elswick, Scotswood, and West City, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bede, Bensham, Dunston, and Teams.
1997-2010: The City of Newcastle wards of Benwell, Elswick, Scotswood, and West City, and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bede, Bensham, Deckham, Dunston, Saltwell, and Teams.
The constituency covered central Tyneside in Tyne and Wear, with part of the constituency being north of the River Tyne in Newcastle, and the other part being south of the river, in Gateshead. It is named for the Tyne Bridge that crosses the river. It included Newcastle city centre; before 1983, this area was in the Newcastle-upon-Tyne North seat.
Following a review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear, the Boundary Commission for England abolished the Tyne Bridge constituency. At the 2010 general election it was replaced by the new constituency of Gateshead south of the River Tyne, and by the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central constituency to the north.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Harry Cowans||Labour||Previously MP for Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central from 1976. Died October 1985|
|1985 by-election||David Clelland||Labour||Retired 2010 following boundary changes|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Gateshead & Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central|
Elections of the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Tyne Bridge|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris P. Boyle||5,751||21.8||+9.5|
|Conservative||Tom E. Fairhead||2,962||11.2||−2.1|
|Respect||Miss Jill C. Russell||447||1.7||+1.7|
|General Election 2001: Tyne Bridge|
|Conservative||James Stuart Cook||3,456||13.3||+2.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Jonathan C. Wallace||3,213||12.3||+4.4|
|Socialist Labour||James Fitzpatrick||533||2.0||N/A|
|Socialist Alliance||Samuel J. Robson||485||1.9||N/A|
Elections of the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Tyne Bridge|
|Conservative||Adrian H. Lee||3,861||11.1||−11.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs. Mary Wallace||2,785||8.0||−3.1|
|Referendum||Graeme R. Oswald||919||2.6||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Mrs. Elaine Brumskill||518||1.5||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Tyne Bridge|
|Conservative||Charles M. Liddell-Grainger||7,118||21.4||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrat||John S. Burt||3,804||11.4||−4.9|
Elections of the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Tyne Bridge|
|Conservative||Michael Walton Bates||7,558||20.6||+9.5|
|Social Democratic||John C. Mansfield||6,005||16.4||−13.3|
- Death of Cowans
|By-election 1985: Tyne Bridge|
|Social Democratic||Rod Kenyon||6,942||29.7||+11.4 |
|Independent||Peter R. Smith||32||0.1||N/A|
|General Election 1983: Tyne Bridge|
|Conservative||Randall S. Crawley||9,434||25.2||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "'Tyne Bridge', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 Jan 2011.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.166 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- Change from the Liberal candidate who represented the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the 1983 general election.