Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 55°01′59″N 1°25′05″W / 55.033°N 1.418°W / 55.033; -1.418

Tynemouth
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tynemouth in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 76,618 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements North Shields, Whitley Bay, Monkseaton, Tynemouth and Cullercoats
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Alan Campbell (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Tynemouth and North Shields
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Tynemouth is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Tynemouth.

1950-1983: The County Borough of Tynemouth, and the Urban District of Whitley Bay.

1983-1997: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, North Shields, Riverside, St Mary's, Seatonville, Tynemouth, and Whitley Bay.

1997-2010: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, North Shields, St Mary's, Seatonville, Tynemouth, and Whitley Bay.

2010-present: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton North, Monkseaton South, Preston, St Mary's, Tynemouth, Valley, and Whitley Bay.

The seat covers Tynemouth, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, and since 2010 Shiremoor and Backworth.

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Political history

The seat has historically shown the highest level of support for the Conservative Party in the Tyne and Wear area, with the Conservatives holding the seat for 47 years from 1950-1997; though sometimes with only narrow majorities. However, since the 1997 general election, it has been represented by Alan Campbell of the Labour Party

Prominent frontbenchers

The present member, Alan Campbell reached the level of government below a Minister of State in 2008, as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Office.

Constituency profile[edit]

A coastal seat on the northern bank of the River Tyne. North Shields and the communities along the Tyne itself tend to be more industrial and working-class, once dominated by coal mining and shipbuilding. The coastal towns to the north, such as Whitley Bay, tend to be more middle-class dormitory towns for Newcastle commuters.

This has tended to be one of the more Conservative-leaning seats in the North East of England, where the party has traditionally struggled against the Labour Party. As a relatively middle-class area, it returned Conservative MPs from 1950-1997; albeit often on narrow majorities. It has been represented by Labour since 1997, though the Conservatives remain strong at a local level. Similar to Sefton Central on Merseyside, despite being a traditionally strong Conservative area in a Labour-dominated county, the area has swung significantly to Labour during the twenty-first century, and has been won by semi-marginal to safe margins by Labour candidates at every general election since 1997, with significant swings to Labour seen in both 2015 and 2017.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to the national average of 3.8%, at 3.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, lower than the regional average by 0.5%.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1885)
Election Member[3] Party Notes
1885 Richard Donkin Conservative
1900 Frederick Leverton Harris Conservative Later MP for Stepney and East Worcestershire
1906 Herbert James Craig Liberal
1918 Charles Percy Conservative
1922 Alexander Russell Conservative
1945 Grace Colman Labour
1950 Irene Ward Conservative Represented Wallsend 1931-1945
Feb 1974 Neville Trotter Conservative
1997 Alan Campbell Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Tynemouth[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 32,395 57.0 Increase 8.8
Conservative Nick Varley 20,729 36.5 Increase 3.6
Liberal Democrat John Appleby 1,724 3.0 Increase 0.1
UKIP Stuart Haughton 1,257 2.2 Decrease 10.0
Green Julia Erskine[6] 629 1.1 Decrease 2.7
Independent Anthony "The Durham Cobbler" Jull 124 0.2 Increase 0.2
Majority 11,666 20.5 Increase 4.1
Turnout 56,858 74.48
Labour hold Swing Increase 2.6
General Election 2015: Tynemouth[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 25,791 48.2 +2.9
Conservative Glenn Hall[8] 17,551 32.8 -1.6
UKIP Gary Legg[9] 6,541 12.2 +10.5
Green Julia Erskine[10] 2,017 3.8 +2.8
Liberal Democrat John Paton-Day[11] 1,595 3.0 -11.9
Majority 8,240 15.4 +4.5
Turnout 53,495 69 -0.6
Labour hold Swing +2.3

For the 2010 election, this was the primary target seat for the Conservatives in North East England following impressive local council victories since 2006 and the recent marginality of Alan Campbell's 2005 re-election.

General Election 2010: Tynemouth[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 23,860 45.3 −3.0
Conservative Wendy Morton 18,121 34.4 −2.2
Liberal Democrat John Appleby 7,845 14.9 −0.2
BNP Dorothy Brooke 1,404 2.7 +2.7
UKIP Natasha Payne 900 1.7 +1.7
Green Julia Erskine 538 1.0 +1.0
Majority 5,739 10.9 +1.2
Turnout 52,668 69.6 +3.6
Labour hold Swing −0.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

With a local Whitley Bay councillor as their candidate, the Conservatives hoped to snatch the seat, but could only diminish Labour's Alan Campbell's majority. In the Mayoral election held on the same day, Mayor Linda Arkley (Conservative) also failed to be re-elected.

General Election 2005: Tynemouth[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 20,143 47.0 -6.2
Conservative Michael McIntyre 16,000 37.3 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Colin Finlay 6,716 15.7 +4.1
Majority 4,143 9.7
Turnout 42,859 66.9 -0.5
Labour hold Swing -5.0

Labour MP Alan Campbell was returned in 2001 with smaller majority on the back of Tony Blair's second landslide.

General Election 2001: Tynemouth[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 23,364 53.2 -2.1
Conservative Karl Poulsen 14,686 33.5 +0.1
Liberal Democrat Penny Reid 5,108 11.6 +2.8
UKIP Michael Rollings 745 1.7 +0.8
Majority 8,678 19.7
Turnout 43,903 67.4 -9.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

In 1997 Labour won their largest Tynemouth majority ever. The Conservatives chose Gateshead Councillor Martin Callanan as their candidate to replace the retiring Neville Trotter. He would latterly become a North East MEP.

General Election 1997: Tynemouth[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Campbell 28,318 55.4 +10.4
Conservative Martin Callanan 17,045 33.3 -12.7
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 4,509 8.8 +0.7
Referendum Clive Rook 819 1.6 N/A
UKIP Frank Rogers 462 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,273 22.0
Turnout 77.11
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +11.5

In 1992 Neville Trotter narrowly won his final term as the Labour candidate's fourth attempt failed. Many council seats were also unexpectedly won on the back of John Major's victory such as Whitley Bay and Monkseaton.

General Election 1992: Tynemouth[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 27,731 46.0 +2.8
Labour Patrick Cosgrove 27,134 45.0 +6.2
Liberal Democrat Philip J.S. Selby 4,855 8.1 −9.9
Green Andrew Buchanan-Smith 543 0.9 N/A
Majority 597 1.0 −3.5
Turnout 60,263 80.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Tynemouth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 25,113 43.2
Labour Patrick Cosgrove 22,530 38.8
Liberal David Mayhew 10,446 18.0
Majority 2,583 4.4
Turnout 78.1
Conservative hold Swing -6.42

1983: Neville Trotter's biggest majority on the back of Mrs. Thatcher's landslide.

General Election 1983: Tynemouth[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 27,029 48.06
Labour Patrick Cosgrove 17,420 31.3
Liberal D.F. Mayhew 11,153 20.1
Majority 9,609 17.3
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

1979: Patrick 'Paddy' Cosgrove's first of four attempts to win the seat. Cosgrove was the Labour councillor for Whitley Bay Ward.

General Election 1979: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 29,941 51.57
Labour Patrick Joseph Cosgrove[n 3] 22,377 38.55
Liberal R. Pinkney 5,736 9.88
Majority 7,564 13.03
Turnout 77.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 24,510 43.16
Labour J.E. Miller 21,389 37.66
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 10,895 19.18
Majority 3,121 5.5
Turnout 74.29
Conservative hold Swing

February 1974: Neville Trotter, a Newcastle City Councillor and Chartered Accountant, becomes MP.

General Election February 1974: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neville Trotter 26,824 44.22
Labour D. Carlton 20,437 33.69
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 13,393 22.08
Majority 6,387 10.53
Turnout 80.02
Conservative hold Swing

1970: Jeremy Beecham would later become leader of Newcastle City Council and a Peer.

General Election 1970: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 30,773 51.36
Labour Jeremy Beecham 23,927 39.93
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 5,221 8.71
Majority 6,846 11.43
Turnout 75.85
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

1966: Gordon Adam would latterly become a North East MEP and make a failed bid to become Elected Mayor of North Tyneside in 2001.

General Election 1966: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 29,210 49.62
Labour Gordon Adam 25,814 43.85
Independent James C. Edwards 3,846 6.53
Majority 3,396 5.77
Turnout 78.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 33,342 56.29
Labour Albert Booth 25,894 43.71
Majority 7,448 12.57
Turnout 78.96
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 32,810 56.37
Labour William H. Hutchinson 18,866 32.42
Liberal David N. Thompson 6,525 11.21
Majority 13,994 23.96
Turnout 80.53
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 30,949 55.12
Labour James Finegan 20,113 35.82
Liberal Roy Cairncross 5,082 9.05
Majority 10,836 19.29
Turnout 79.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 33,800 56.39
Labour Grace Colman 26,144 43.61
Majority 7,656 12.77
Turnout 84.54
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Irene Ward 28,785 49.30
Labour Grace Colman 23,148 39.65
Liberal E.B. Slack 6,452 11.05
Majority 5,637 9.65
Turnout 84.01
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Grace Colman 13,963 46.07
Conservative Alexander Russell 10,884 35.91
Liberal Kenneth Paterson Chitty 5,460 18.02
Majority 3,079 10.16
Turnout 76.85
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alexander Russell 16,003 47.1
Labour S. Segal 10,145 29.8
Liberal John Stanley Holmes 7,868 23.1
Majority 5,858 17.22
Turnout 79.22
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alexander Russell 17,607 51.8
Liberal John Stanley Holmes 8,295 24.4
Labour T.H. Knight 8,110 23.8
Majority 9,312 27.38
Turnout 84.15
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Russell 11,785 37.0 -8.2
Liberal Richard Irvin 10,545 33.1 +5.7
Labour John Stuart Barr 9,503 29.9 +2.5
Majority 1,240 3.9 -13.9
Turnout 83.3 -1.3
Unionist hold Swing -7.0
General Election 1924: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Russell 11,210 45.2 +4.2
Liberal Harry Barnes 6,820 27.4 -10.9
Labour John Stuart Barr 6,818 27.4 +6.7
Majority 4,390 17.8 +15.1
Turnout 84.6 +3.5
Unionist hold Swing +7.5
Harry Barnes
General Election 1923: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Russell 9,612 41.0 -7.1
Liberal Harry Barnes 9,008 38.3 +9.3
Labour W. Pitt 4,875 20.7 -2.2
Turnout 81.1 -2.4
Majority 604 2.7 -16.4
Unionist hold Swing -8.2
General Election 1922: Tynemouth [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Russell 11.244 48.1 +13.4
Liberal Herbert Craig 6,787 29.0 -3.2
Labour George Harold Humphrey 5,362 22.9 +7.7
Majority 4,457 19.1 +16.6
Turnout 83.5 +19.7
Unionist hold Swing +8.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Craig
General Election 1918: Tynemouth [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Charles Percy 5,883 34.7 −14.2
Liberal Herbert Craig 5,434 32.2 −18.9
Independent Labour George Harold Humphrey 2,566 15.2 N/A
Independent Henry Gregg[22] 2,495 14.8 N/A
National Dixon Scott 517 3.1 N/A
Majority 449 2.5 N/A
Turnout 16,895 63.8 −15.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.4
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

1918: Dixon Scott was the founder of Newcastle's 'News Cinema', the modern 'Tyneside Cinema'.

General Election December 1910: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Craig 4,106 51.1 −1.8
Conservative Charles Percy 3,939 48.9 +1.8
Majority 177 2.2 −3.6
Turnout 8,045 79.4 −4.4
Registered electors 10,122
Liberal hold Swing −1.8
General Election January 1910: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Craig 4,487 52.9 −2.0
Conservative Edward George Spencer-Churchill[24] 3,993 47.1 +2.0
Majority 494 5.8 −4.0
Turnout 8,480 83.3 −2.8
Registered electors 10,122
Liberal hold Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Herbert Craig
General Election January 1906: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Craig 4,286 54.9 +8.0
Conservative Frederick Leverton Harris 3,522 45.1 −8.0
Majority 764 9.8 N/A
Turnout 7,808 86.6 +4.6
Registered electors 9,019
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.0
General Election 1900: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Leverton Harris[25] 3,501 53.1 +1.4
Liberal F.D. Blake 3,094 46.9 −1.4
Majority 407 6.2 +2.8
Turnout 6,595 82.0 +2.0
Registered electors 8,041
Conservative hold Swing +1.4

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Donkin 3,168 51.7 −1.2
Liberal Francis Blake[26] 2,959 48.3 +1.2
Majority 209 3.4 −2.4
Turnout 6,127 80.0 −0.9
Registered electors 7,659
Conservative hold Swing −1.2
James Annand
General Election 1892: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Donkin 3,121 52.9 −2.2
Liberal James Annand 2,783 47.1 +2.2
Majority 338 5.8 −4.4
Turnout 5,904 80.9 +4.8
Registered electors 7,300
Conservative hold Swing −2.2

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Donkin 2,795 55.1 −2.1
Liberal William Thomas Raymond[27] 2,277 44.9 +2.1
Majority 518 10.2 −4.2
Turnout 5,072 76.1 −3.3
Registered electors 6,669
Conservative hold Swing −2.1
General Election 1885: Tynemouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Donkin 3,027 57.2 N/A
Liberal Joseph Spence[28] 2,269 42.8 N/A
Majority 758 14.4 N/A
Turnout 5,296 79.4 N/A
Registered electors 6,669
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Cosgrove was a Whitley Bay councillor and leading North East barrister
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
  4. ^ http://my.northtyneside.gov.uk/sites/default/files/web-page-related-files/Comined%20NOP%20-%20Tynemouth.pdf
  5. ^ "Tynemouth". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "North Tyneside Borough Green Party". www.facebook.com. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Tunbridge Wells councillor to stand for Parliament - 320 miles away". 2 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. 
  10. ^ http://northtynesidegreenparty.webs.com/
  11. ^ "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "North Tyneside Council: Website unavailable". www.northtyneside.gov.uk. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ a b British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  22. ^ ‘GREGG, Sir Henry’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 20 Sept 2017
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  24. ^ Gwynne, Howell Arthur. "Captain Edward George Spencer-Churchill". Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  25. ^ Frederick Leverton-Harris (1864-1926) Obituary in The Times, Tuesday, 16 November 1926; pg. 16; Issue 44430; col B
  26. ^ "The Representation of Tynemouth". Shields Daily Gazette. 10 Apr 1895. p. 3. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  27. ^ "Borough Tynemouth Parliamentary Election". Shields Daily News. 23 June 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  28. ^ "Mr Joseph Spence for Tynemouth". Shields Daily Gazette. 9 October 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).