Type 01 LMAT

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Type 01 LMAT
01式軽対戦車誘導弾 (8465113148).jpg
A Type 01 LMAT launcher on display.
Type Manportable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile
Place of origin Japan
Service history
In service 2001–present
Used by Japan
Production history
Designer Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute
Designed 1993
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries[1][2]  
Unit cost $260,000 (reusable Command Launch Unit) (2001)
Produced 2001–present
Weight 11.4 kg missile[3]
17.5 kg system[3]
Length 970 mm
Diameter 140 mm

Caliber 120 mm
Effective firing range 2 km
Sights Thermographic camera (Uncooled infrared detector)
Warhead Tandem-charged HEAT warhead
Impact force

Engine Solid Fuel Rocket
Speed 4 kilometres per minute (67 m/s)
infrared homing, CCD[2]

The Type 01 LMAT (01式軽対戦車誘導弾 01-shiki kei-tai-sensha yūdō-dan?) is a Japanese man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile. Development began in 1993 at Kawasaki Heavy Industries and was accepted into service in 2001. During development, the missile was designated with the codename XATM-5.[4] It was later known shortly as the ATM-5.[1]

In the 1st Airborne Brigade, it is used as its main anti-armor weapon.[5]


A JGSDF soldier aims the LMAT during a military exercise.

As a replacement was needed for the Sumitomo FT-84 recoilless rifle in front-line service with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces,[6] plans to replace it with an Infrared homing anti-tank missile was commissioned by the Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute. In 1993, Kawasaki Heavy Industries was selected to create the said anti-tank missile system. In trials conducted by the JGSDF, the system was known as the XATM-5. The system was created in the same year with live testing done in 1996.

Requirements for the system included portability, usage by a single soldier and design-to-cost technology.[4] At the center of its creation was its heat-seeking technology.[6][7]

In 2001, after 11 years, it was finally placed into service with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces as the Type 01 LMAT which translates from Japanese to Type 01 light anti-tank guided missile. A report filed by the Ministry of Defense in 2005 called for acquisition of an unknown number of 01 LMAT missile systems among various military items purchased from Kawasaki Heavy Industries for 129,700,000,000 Yen.[8]


The LMAT's missile warhead is HEAT by default, although ERA can be applied.[9](probably incorrect ERA is explosive reactive armor and is not something that is applied to a weapon, most likely it is a tandem warhead design to defeat ERA.)


The Type 01 LMAT, while used for infantry in anti-tank roles, can be mounted on the Komatsu LAV for a mobile anti-tank platform.[6]


  •  Japan: 1073 Sets (2010)

Similar anti-tank missiles[edit]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b ATM-5(01式軽対戦車誘導弾) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "01式軽対戦車誘導弾 略称:LMAT" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b "01式軽対戦車誘導弾(Type 01 LMAT)" (in Japanese). Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "XATM-5 Light Anti-Tank Missile [MAT]". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  5. ^ 平成22年 習志野 第1空挺団 降下訓練始め (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b c 01式 軽対戦車誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  7. ^ note - the LMAT is very similar to the lower cost option-design that Raytheon in 1985 offered the US Army for it AAWS-M program
  8. ^ 平成17年度中央調達実施概況(速報値) (PDF) (in Japanese). Japanese Ministry of Defense. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  9. ^ 01式軽対戦車誘導弾 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6

External links[edit]