Type 052C destroyer

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Chinese Navy Guided-Missile Destroyer Xian (153) Departs Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Following the Conclusion of RIMPAC 2016 160804-N-IU636-106.jpg
Xi'an at Pearl Harbor in 2016
Class overview
BuildersJiangnan Shipyard
Operators PLA Navy Surface Force
Preceded byType 051C
Succeeded byType 052D
Built2002–2015
In serviceSeptember 2005–present
Planned6
Completed6
Active6[1]
General characteristics
TypeGuided-missile destroyer
Displacement7,000 tons[2]
Length155 m (508 ft 6 in)[2]
Beam17 m (55 ft 9 in)[2]
Draught6 m (19 ft 8 in)[2]
Propulsion
Speed29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph)[2]
Range4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 15 knots[2]
Complement280[2]
Sensors and
processing systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys
NRJ-6A[2]
Armament
Aircraft carried1 helicopter (Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9)[4]
Aviation facilities
  • Stern hangar
  • Helicopter landing platform

The Type 052C destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang II-class destroyer) is a class of guided-missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN). The Type 052C introduced both fixed active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and vertically launched surface-to-air missiles into PLAN service,[6] making it the first Chinese warship with area air defence capability.[7]

As of 2019, six of these destroyers had been built and were operational.[1]

Program[edit]

The first two ships, Lanzhou and Haikou, were laid down at the Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai in 2002, and entered service in 2004 and 2005 respectively.[2] No new ships were laid down until 2010;[8] the pause may have been due to the relocation of the shipyard.[9]

Design[edit]

The Type 052C appears to share the same basic hull design as the Type 052B destroyer, which in turn is based on the Type 051B destroyer. Stealth features are incorporated.[2]

The Type 052C uses predominantly Chinese systems derived from earlier foreign technology; the preceding Type 052 and Type 052B destroyers used a mixture of Russian and Chinese systems.[9]

Missiles[edit]

Forward VLS launchers
YJ-62 anti-ship missile launchers

The Type 052C carries 48 HHQ-9 naval surface-to-air missiles (SAM),[2] each with a range of 55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi).[10] The SAMs are cold launched[11] from eight revolver-type vertical launchers, with six missiles per launcher.[8]

Eight YJ-62 anti-ship missiles are carried in two quad-canister launchers just forward of the hangar.[2] Each missile has a range of 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi).[10]

Guns[edit]

The main gun is a 100 mm (4 in) PJ-87. The gun suffered from jamming and may have influenced the decision to adopt a different weapon for the Type 052D destroyer.[3][12] The weapon has a rate of fire of 25 rounds per minute.[2]

Close-in defence is provided by two seven-barrel 30 mm (1.2 in) Type 730 CIWS, one mounted forward of the bridge and one atop the hangar. Each gun has a maximum rate of fire of 4200 rounds per minute.[2]

Anti-submarine systems[edit]

Two triple 324 mm (13 in) torpedo tubes are carried; these are copies or derivatives of the Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei B515/ILAS-3.[2][13] This launcher may fire the Yu-7 ASW torpedo.[13]

Radar[edit]

Forward Type 346 radar panels and Type 730 CIWS

The Type 052C is the first PLAN warship to mount[3] the G-band[2] Type 346 AESA radar.[6] The four phased array antennas are mounted on the taller forward superstructure. The Type 346 is used for air search, and provides fire control for the HHQ-9.[2] The combination of AESA radar and VLS SAMs produces a marked increase in anti-aircraft firepower over previous Chinese warships.[6]

Aircraft[edit]

A Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9 helicopter may operate from the rear hangar and flight deck.[4] The Ka-28 is equipped with a search radar and dipping sonar and can also employ sonobuoys, torpedoes, depth charges, or mines.[14] The Z-9 is a variant of the Airbus Helicopters AS365 Dauphin. The naval variant of the Z-9, the Z-9C, is equipped with the KLC-1 search radar, dipping sonar, and is typically armed with a single, lightweight torpedo.[15] Either helicopter significantly improves the anti-submarine capabilities of the Type 052C.

Propulsion[edit]

The Type 052C propulsion is in the combined diesel or gas (CODOG) arrangement, with two Ukrainian DA80 gas turbines and two[2] MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines.[3]

The DA80s had blade problems and may have contributed to the last two Type 052Cs sitting pierside at the shipyard for two years without being accepted by the PLAN.[3]

The MTU 20V 956TB92 engines were license-produced by Shaanxi Diesel Engine Works.[3]

Ships of class[edit]

Hull no. Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
170[1] 兰州 / Lanzhou[1] Jiangnan Shipyard[2] 29 April 2003[2] 18 July 2004[2] South Sea Fleet[2] Active[1]
171[1] 海口 / Haikou[1] Jiangnan Shipyard[2] 30 October 2003[2] 20 July 2005[2] South Sea Fleet[2] Active[1]
150[1] 长春 / Changchun[1] 31 January 2013[16] East Sea Fleet[16] Active[1]
151[1] 郑州 / Zhengzhou[1] Active[1]
152[1] 济南 / Jinan[1] Active[1]
153[1] 西安 / Xi'an[1] Active[1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap Saunders, Stephan, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 137. ISBN 978-0710628886.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Bussert, James C. (1 November 2015). "China Develops Aircraft Carrier Group Leader". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b McDevitt: pages 61
  5. ^ Joe, Rick. "The Chinese Navy's Growing Anti-Submarine Warfare Capabilities". The Diplomat.
  6. ^ a b c McDevitt: pages 59-60
  7. ^ Cole, Bernard D. "What Do China's Surface Fleet Developments Suggest about Its Maritime Strategy?". CSMI Red Book. United States Naval War College. 14: 23. ISBN 978-1-935352-45-7. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  8. ^ a b Li: page 44
  9. ^ a b McDevitt: pages 59
  10. ^ a b United States Department of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2019, page 70
  11. ^ Bussert, James C. (1 December 2013). "China Destroyer Consolidates Innovations, Other Ship Advances". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  12. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (21 March 2013). CRS Report for CongressPrepared for Members and Committees of Congress China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (PDF). RL33153 (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 28. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance" (PDF). Jane's. 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  14. ^ United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20-21
  15. ^ United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20
  16. ^ a b Qian, Xiaohu (5 February 2013). "Changchun' warship commissioned to PLA Navy". People's Daily Online. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]