Type 052C destroyer
This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2008)
Xi'an at Pearl Harbor in 2016
|Operators||PLA Navy Surface Force|
|Preceded by||Type 051C|
|Succeeded by||Type 052D|
|In service||September 2005–present|
|Length||155 m (508 ft 6 in)|
|Beam||17 m (55 ft 9 in)|
|Draught||6 m (19 ft 8 in)|
|Speed||29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph)|
|Range||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 15 knots|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|Aircraft carried||1 helicopter (Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9)|
The Type 052C destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang II-class destroyer) is a class of guided-missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN). The Type 052C introduced both fixed active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and vertically launched surface-to-air missiles into PLAN service, making it the first Chinese warship with area air defence capability.
The first two ships, Lanzhou and Haikou, were laid down at the Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai in 2002, and entered service in 2004 and 2005 respectively. No new ships were laid down until 2010; the pause may have been due to the relocation of the shipyard.
The Type 052C carries 48 HHQ-9 naval surface-to-air missiles (SAM), each with a range of 55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi). The SAMs are cold launched from eight revolver-type vertical launchers, with six missiles per launcher.
The main gun is a 100 mm (4 in) PJ-87. The gun suffered from jamming and may have influenced the decision to adopt a different weapon for the Type 052D destroyer. The weapon has a rate of fire of 25 rounds per minute.
Close-in defence is provided by two seven-barrel 30 mm (1.2 in) Type 730 CIWS, one mounted forward of the bridge and one atop the hangar. Each gun has a maximum rate of fire of 4200 rounds per minute.
The Type 052C is the first PLAN warship to mount the G-band Type 346 AESA radar. The four phased array antennas are mounted on the taller forward superstructure. The Type 346 is used for air search, and provides fire control for the HHQ-9. The combination of AESA radar and VLS SAMs produces a marked increase in anti-aircraft firepower over previous Chinese warships.
A Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9 helicopter may operate from the rear hangar and flight deck. The Ka-28 is equipped with a search radar and dipping sonar and can also employ sonobuoys, torpedoes, depth charges, or mines. The Z-9 is a variant of the Airbus Helicopters AS365 Dauphin. The naval variant of the Z-9, the Z-9C, is equipped with the KLC-1 search radar, dipping sonar, and is typically armed with a single, lightweight torpedo. Either helicopter significantly improves the anti-submarine capabilities of the Type 052C.
The DA80s had blade problems and may have contributed to the last two Type 052Cs sitting pierside at the shipyard for two years without being accepted by the PLAN.
The MTU 20V 956TB92 engines were license-produced by Shaanxi Diesel Engine Works.
Ships of class
|170||兰州 / Lanzhou||Jiangnan Shipyard||29 April 2003||18 July 2004||South Sea Fleet||Active|
|171||海口 / Haikou||Jiangnan Shipyard||30 October 2003||20 July 2005||South Sea Fleet||Active|
|150||长春 / Changchun||31 January 2013||East Sea Fleet||Active|
|151||郑州 / Zhengzhou||Active|
|152||济南 / Jinan||Active|
|153||西安 / Xi'an||Active|
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- Saunders, Stephan, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 137. ISBN 978-0710628886.
- Bussert, James C. (1 November 2015). "China Develops Aircraft Carrier Group Leader". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- McDevitt: pages 61
- Joe, Rick. "The Chinese Navy's Growing Anti-Submarine Warfare Capabilities". The Diplomat.
- McDevitt: pages 59-60
- Cole, Bernard D. "What Do China's Surface Fleet Developments Suggest about Its Maritime Strategy?". CSMI Red Book. United States Naval War College. 14: 23. ISBN 978-1-935352-45-7. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Li: page 44
- McDevitt: pages 59
- United States Department of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2019, page 70
- Bussert, James C. (1 December 2013). "China Destroyer Consolidates Innovations, Other Ship Advances". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- O'Rourke, Ronald (21 March 2013). CRS Report for CongressPrepared for Members and Committees of Congress China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (PDF). RL33153 (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 28. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance" (PDF). Jane's. 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20-21
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20
- Qian, Xiaohu (5 February 2013). "Changchun' warship commissioned to PLA Navy". People's Daily Online. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Li, Nan. "Why Is the Surface Fleet Gaining Importance?". CSMI Red Book. United States Naval War College. 14: 43–54. ISBN 978-1-935352-45-7. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- McDevitt, Michael. "The Modern PLA Navy Destroyer Force". CSMI Red Book. United States Naval War College. 14: 55–65. ISBN 978-1-935352-45-7. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- United States Department of Defense (May 2019). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2019 (PDF) (Report). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 22 May 2019.