Type 052D destroyer

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PLANS Xiamen (DDG-154) 20180420.jpg
Xiamen on 20 April 2018
Class overview
Builders:
Operators: PLA Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 052C
Succeeded by: Type 055
Built: February 2012–present [1]
In service: March 2014–present[2]
Planned: 25[3]
Active: 17 as of April 2021[4]
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons (full load)[5]
Length:
  • Initial variant: 157 m (515 ft)[5]
  • Extended flight deck variant: 161 m (528 ft)[6]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[5]
Draught: 6 m (20 ft)[5]
Propulsion: Combined diesel or gas
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Helicopter[6]
Aviation facilities:

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang III-class destroyer[13]) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. The Type 052D is a larger variant of the Type 052C; the Type 052D uses a canister-type, instead of revolver-type, vertical launching system (VLS)[11] and has flat-panelled active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar.[10] The new VLS is not limited to surface-to-air missiles, making the Type 052D China's first dedicated multi-role destroyer.[11]

Chinese media informally calls the Type 052D the Chinese Aegis, portraying it as a peer of contemporary United States Navy ships equipped with the Aegis Combat System.[15] The appearance of the Type 052D, with flat-panelled radar and canister-based VLS, has encouraged the moniker's use.[10]

Design[edit]

Sensors[edit]

The Type 052D is equipped with Type 346A[7] AESA and Type 518 L-band radar.[8]

The Type 052D is also equipped with both variable depth (VDS) and linear towed array sonar. The VDS is deployed through a hinged opening in the transom by a hydraulic lifting mechanism. The VDS body is a streamlined fairing fitted with Y-shaped hydrodynamic vanes for towing stability.[9]

Armament[edit]

The Type 52D is the first Chinese surface combatant to use canister-based universal VLS, as opposed to the concentric type VLS carried aboard earlier vessels. 64 cells are carried; 32 forward and 32 aft.[11] The VLS is reportedly an implementation of the GJB 5860-2006 standard.[12] The VLS may fire the extended-range variant of the HHQ-9 surface-to-air missile, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles,[13] and CY-5 anti-submarine missiles.[9]

The main gun is a 130 mm weapon.[10]

Early units were completed with 7-barrelled Type 730 close-in weapon system (CIWS). This was replaced in later units by the larger 11-barrelled Type 1130 CIWS.[14]

Data links[edit]

The Type 052D may be using the joint service integrated datalink system (JSIDLS) and naval common tactical data link (NCTDL). JSIDLS is equivalent to Link 16 and was certified in June 2012. NCTDL is a next-generation two-way encrypted data link with support for electro-optic and laser pod UAVs; it replaces the older HN-900.[16]

Stretched variant[edit]

A stretched variant, commonly referred to as Type 052DL, has a flight deck extended by four metres,[17] and an "anti-stealth radar".[18] The extended flight deck is likely intended for the Harbin Z-20 helicopter.[17]

The variant was in production by 2018.[6]

Ships of class[edit]

Pennant no. Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Type 052D
172[19] 昆明 / Kunming[19] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[19] 21 March 2014[2] South Sea Fleet[2] Active[2]
173[19] 长沙 / Changsha[19] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[19] 12 August 2015[2] South Sea Fleet[2] Active[2]
174[2] 合肥 / Hefei[2] 12 December 2015[2] South Sea Fleet[2] Active[2]
175[20] 银川 / Yinchuan[20] 12 July 2016[20] South Sea Fleet[20] Active[20]
117[21] 西宁 / Xining[21] 22 January 2017[21] North Sea Fleet[21] Active[21]
154[22] 厦门 / Xiamen[22] 10 June 2017[22] East Sea Fleet[22] Active[22]
118[23] 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi[23] Active[23]
119[24] 贵阳 / Guiyang[24] Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[24] November 2015[24] 22 February 2019[24] North Sea Fleet[24] Active[24]
155[23] 南京 / Nanjing[23] 2015[25][better source needed] 2017[25][better source needed] Active[25][better source needed]
161[23] 呼和浩特 / Hohhot[23] 12 January 2019[26] Active[26]
131[23] 太原 / Taiyuan[23] Active[27]
120[23] 成都 / Chengdu[23] November 2019[28] North Sea Fleet[28] Active[28]
121[23] 齐齐哈尔 / Qiqihar[23] Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[29] 26 June 2017[29] North Sea Fleet[30] Active[30]
Type 052DL
156[31] 淄博 / Zibo[31] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[6] July 2018[6] 14 January 2020[32] East Sea Fleet[32] Active[31]
122[30] 唐山 / Tangshan[30] 14 August 2020[33] North Sea Fleet[30] Active
132[31] 苏州 / Suzhou[17] East Sea Fleet[31] Active
123[17] 淮南 / Huainan[17] North Sea Fleet[17] Active[17]
162[34] 南宁 / Nanning[35] South Sea Fleet Active

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Yao, Jianing, ed. (14 December 2015). "New missile destroyer joins South China Sea Fleet". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  3. ^ Joe, Rick (12 July 2020). "The Chinese Navy's Destroyer Fleet Will Double by 2025. Then What?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  4. ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/sebastienroblin/2021/04/20/patrol-by-chinese-carrier-reveals-beijings-modern-surface-fleet/?sh=70aafdc552c6
  5. ^ a b c d Stephen Saunders (2015). Jane's Fighting Ships 2015–2016. IHS Janes Information Group. p. 138.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (31 July 2018). "China launches first stretched Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b Tate, Andrew (2017). China heads for a step change in naval capabilities (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  8. ^ a b Majumdar, Dave (14 May 2014). "Construction of China's Type 055 destroyers forges ahead". USNI News. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e Wong, Kelvin (2017). Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d McDevitt: page 62
  11. ^ a b c d Li: page 44
  12. ^ a b Wang, Weixing, ed. (4 September 2012). "谜一样的战舰 从052D驱逐舰看中舰艇系统" [A Ship of Mystery: The Shipborne Systems of Type 052D] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2012-10-11.
  13. ^ a b c d China Military Power: Modernizing a Force to Fight and Win (PDF) (Report). United States Defense Intelligence Agency. 2019. p. 70. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b c "Newly Built PLAN Type 052D Destroyers Getting Fitted with Larger H/PJ-11 CIWS". Navy Recognition. 25 July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  15. ^ Holmes: page 4
  16. ^ Bussert, James C. (1 December 2013). "China Destroyer Consolidates Innovations, Other Ship Advances". Jane's 360. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (3 March 2021). "More stretched Type 052D destroyers join the PLA Navy". Janes. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  18. ^ Chinese Navy commissions upgraded variation of the Type 052D destroyer. Navy Recognition. 3 March 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Tate, Andrew (21 July 2015). "China commissions second Type 052D DDG, pushes ahead with frigate, corvette launches". Jane's 360. Retrieved 29 April 2019.[dead link]
  20. ^ a b c d e Yao, Jianing, ed. (12 July 2016). "China commissions new guided-missile destroyer Yinchuan". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 27 October 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e Tate, Andrew (23 January 2017). "China's North Sea Fleet receives first Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 24 January 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (21 July 2017). "China commissions sixth Type 052D-class destroyer into East Sea fleet". janes.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-29. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (19 February 2020). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (5 March 2019). "Type 052D destroyer and Type 054A frigate enter service with PLAN". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  25. ^ a b c "Type 052D Kunming Class Destroyer - Chinese Navy". www.navyrecognition.com. Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  26. ^ a b https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2019/01/chinas-tenth-type-052d-destroyer-and-sixth-type-071-lpd-commissioned-with-the-plan/[better source needed]
  27. ^ "Chinese destroyer Taiyuan conducts joint training with Japanese destroyer Samidare". China Military. 2019-10-17.
  28. ^ a b c "海军成都舰进行海上补给训练". 半岛网. 2020-05-05.
  29. ^ a b Rahmat, Ridzwan Rahmat (28 June 2017). "China launches 13th Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d e 王世纯 (2 March 2021). "052D"淮南"舰已经服役". guancha.cn. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  31. ^ a b c d e 夏阳 (29 March 2021). 杨宜修 (ed.). "改进型052D官宣入列东海舰队| 反潜能力提升, 还能探测隐身目标". eastday.com. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  32. ^ a b "淄博舰已正式入列,舷号156". 淄博市人民政府. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  33. ^ https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2020/08/shipyard-in-china-launched-the-25th-type-052d-and-8th-type-055-destroyers-for-plan/[better source needed]
  34. ^ "New Chinese destroyers sail in South China Sea amid shipbuilding spree". South China Morning Post. 2021-06-15. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
  35. ^ "Nanning: How China's new warship with anti-stealth radar is set to change balance in South China Sea". WION. Retrieved 2021-06-18.
Bibliography