Type 052D destroyer

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PLANS Guiyang (DDG-119) 20200428.jpg
Guiyang (119) in the East China Sea
Class overview
NameType 052D destroyer
Operators People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded byType 052C
BuiltFebruary 2012–present [2]
In serviceMarch 2014–present[1]
Building6 (August 2022)[3]
Active25 (August 2022)[3]
General characteristics
TypeGuided-missile destroyer
Displacement7,500 tons (full load)[4]
  • Initial variant: 156 m (511 ft 10 in)[7] - 157 m (515 ft 1 in)[4]
  • Extended flight deck variant: 161 m (528 ft 3 in)[6]
Beam17 m (55 ft 9 in)[4] - 18 m (59 ft 1 in)[7]
Draught6 m (19 ft 8 in)[4]
Speed30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)[4]
Range4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph)[4]
Sensors and
processing systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • 2 × H/RJZ-726 electronic countermeasure system[17]
  • 4 × Type 726-4A decoy launchers[17] (18 rockets each)
Aircraft carriedHelicopter[6]
Aviation facilities

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang III-class destroyer)[15] is a class of guided-missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. The Type 052D is a larger variant of the Type 052C; the Type 052D uses a canister-type, instead of revolver-type, vertical launching system (VLS)[13] and has flat-panelled active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar.[12] The new VLS is not limited to surface-to-air missiles, making the Type 052D China's first dedicated multi-role destroyer.[13]


The Type 052Ds are fitted with the four-panel Type 346A "Star of the Sea" (NATO reporting name: Dragon Eye) active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system.[18] Chinese media informally calls the Type 052D the Chinese Aegis, portraying it as a peer of contemporary United States Navy ships equipped with the Aegis Combat System.[19] The appearance of the Type 052D, with flat-panelled radar and canister-based VLS, has encouraged this informal use.[12]



The Type 052D is equipped with Type 346A[8] AESA and Type 518 L-band radar.[9]

The Type 052D is also equipped with both variable depth (VDS) and linear towed array sonar. The VDS is deployed through a hinged opening in the transom by a hydraulic lifting mechanism. The VDS body is a streamlined fairing fitted with Y-shaped hydrodynamic vanes for towing stability.[11]


The Type 052D is the first Chinese surface combatant to use canister-based universal VLS, as opposed to the concentric type VLS carried aboard earlier vessels. 64 cells are carried; 32 forward and 32 aft.[13] The VLS is reportedly an implementation of the GJB 5860-2006 standard.[14] The VLS may fire the extended-range variant of the HHQ-9 surface-to-air missile, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles,[15] and CY-5 anti-submarine missiles.[11]

The main gun is a 130 mm weapon.[12]

Early units were completed with 7-barrelled Type 730 close-in weapon system (CIWS). This was replaced in later units by the larger 11-barrelled Type 1130 CIWS.[16]

Data links[edit]

The Type 052D may be using the joint service integrated datalink system (JSIDLS) and naval common tactical data link (NCTDL). JSIDLS is equivalent to Link 16 and was certified in June 2012. NCTDL is a next-generation two-way encrypted data link with support for electro-optic and laser pod UAVs; it replaces the older HN-900.[20]


The powerplant is a combined diesel or gas (CODOG) system with two 28-megawatt (38,000 hp)[5] QC-280 gas turbines[4] and two 6 MW (8,000 hp) MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines.[5]

The machinery drives two shafts for a maximum speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph).[4]

Stretched variant[edit]

A stretched variant, commonly and unofficially referred to as Type 052DL, has a flight deck extended by four metres (13 ft 1 in),[21] and an "anti-stealth radar".[22] The extended flight deck is likely intended for the Harbin Z-20 helicopter.[21]

The variant was in production by 2018.[6]

Ships of class[edit]

Pennant no. Name Namesake Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Type 052D
172[23] 昆明 / Kunming[23] Provincial capital of Yunnan, Kunming Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[23] 21 March 2014[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
173[23] 长沙 / Changsha[23] Provincial capital of Hunan, Changsha Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[23] 12 August 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
174[1] 合肥 / Hefei[1] Provincial capital of Anhui, Hefei 12 December 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
175[24] 银川 / Yinchuan[24] Regional capital of Ningxia, Yinchuan 12 July 2016[24] South Sea Fleet[24] Active[24]
117[25] 西宁 / Xining[25] Provincial capital of Qinghai, Xining 22 January 2017[25] North Sea Fleet[25] Active[25]
154[26] 厦门 / Xiamen[26] City of Xiamen 10 June 2017[26] East Sea Fleet[26] Active[26]
118[27] 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi[27] Regional capital of Xinjiang, Ürümqi Active[27]
119[28] 贵阳 / Guiyang[28] Provincial capital of Guizhou, Guiyang Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[28] November 2015[28] 22 February 2019[28] North Sea Fleet[28] Active[28]
155[27] 南京 / Nanjing[27] Provincial capital of Jiangsu, Nanjing 2015[29][better source needed] 2017[29][better source needed] Active[29][better source needed]
161[27] 呼和浩特 / Hohhot[27] Regional capital of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot 12 January 2019[30] Active[30][better source needed]
131[27] 太原 / Taiyuan[27] Provincial capital of Shanxi, Taiyuan Active[31]
120[27] 成都 / Chengdu[27] Provincial capital of Sichuan, Chengdu November 2019[32] North Sea Fleet[32] Active[32]
121[27] 齐齐哈尔 / Qiqihar[27] City of Qiqihar Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[33] 26 June 2017[33] North Sea Fleet[34] Active[34]
134[35] 绍兴 / Shaoxing[36] Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China Active[36]
Type 052D (stretched)
156[37] 淄博 / Zibo[37] City of Zibo Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[6] July 2018[6] 14 January 2020[38] East Sea Fleet[38] Active[37]
122[34] 唐山 / Tangshan[34] City of Tangshan 14 August 2020[39][better source needed] North Sea Fleet[34] Active
132[37] 苏州 / Suzhou[21] City of Suzhou 2021[40] East Sea Fleet[37] Active[40]
123[21] 淮南 / Huainan[21] City of Huainan 2021[40] North Sea Fleet[21] Active[21]
162[40] 南宁 / Nanning[40] Regional capital of Guangxi, Nanning April 2021[40] South Sea Fleet[40] Active[40]
165 湛江/Zhanjiang[41] City of Zhanjiang March 2022 Active
163 焦作/Jiaozuo[41] City of Jiaozuo March 2022 Active
133[42] 包头 / Baotou[42] City of Baotou May 2022[42] Active[42]


See also[edit]


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  11. ^ a b c d e Wong, Kelvin (2017). Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d McDevitt: page 62
  13. ^ a b c d Li: page 44
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