Type 053H3 frigate
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PLAN 053H3 (Jiangwei II) frigate 521 Jiaxing
|Operators:||Pakistan Navy Pakistan Navy|
|Preceded by:||Type 053H2G|
|Succeeded by:||Type 054|
|Subclasses:||F-22P Zulfiquar-class frigate|
|Displacement:||2,250 tons standard, 2,393 tons full load|
|Length:||112 m (367 ft 5 in)|
|Beam:||12.4 m (40 ft 8 in)|
|Draught:||4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)|
|Speed:||28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)|
|Range:||5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 15 to 16 knots (28 to 30 km/h)|
|Complement:||168 (with 30 officers)|
|Aircraft carried:||Harbin Z-9C|
The Type 053H3 (NATO codename Jiangwei II) were Chinese frigates that entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in the 1990s and 2000s. The class comprised 10 vessels, all of which remain in active service. They were a follow-on of the Type 053H2G Jiangwei I class. The Zulfiquar-class frigate used by the Pakistan Navy was based on the Type 053H3.
In the 1980s, the PLAN ordered Shanghai-based Hudong Shipyard (now Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard) to build a replacement for the Type 053K air defence frigate. The new class was based on the Type 053H2 frigate and designated Type 053H2G. Development was carried out under Project 055.
The Type 053H2G was slightly larger than the Type 053H2, and equipped with HQ-61B surface-to-air missiles (SAM). However, the HQ-61 proved unsatisfactory and the class was quickly superseded by the Type 053H3 which was an improved Type 053H2G equipped with HQ-7 SAMs. The HQ-7 was a Chinese-produced version of the French R330 Sea Crotale. Ten Type 053H3s were produced between 1996 and 2005.
The most obvious visual distinction between Jiangwei I & II are: The Jiangwei II's have HQ-7 instead of HQ-61B SAMs, 8 C-802 anti-ship missiles instead of 6, and aft AAA mounts elevated compared to the Jiangwei I. The Jiangwei II class was briefly equipped with HQ-61B SAM system before being replaced by HQ-7 during upgrade, and some sources claim that the upgraded version is also called Type 057.
A limited, mid-life upgrade was observed for the 053H2G starting in 2015. Visible difference include the replacement of the ESM/EW suite/radars to similar systems from the Type 054, replacement of the HQ-7 with the HQ-10 and replacement of the 4 x Type 76A 37mm guns with a new 2 x 30mm CIWS similar to the Gryazev-Shipunov AO-18K.
Ships in class
|1||522||连云港 / Lianyungang||Hudong||October 1997||January 1998||East Sea Fleet||Active.|
|2||521||嘉兴 / Jiaxing||Hudong||June 1998||June 1999||East Sea Fleet||Active.|
|3||523||蒲田 / Putian||Hudong||December 1999||East Sea Fleet||Active.|
|4||564||宜昌 / Yichang||Guangzhou||December 1999||North Sea Fleet||Active.|
|5||565||葫芦岛/ Huludao||Guangzhou||July 2000||South Sea Fleet||Active. Ex-Yulin, Renamed to Sanya in 2008, then changed to current name in April 2013 and transferred to North Sea Fleet.|
|6||524||三明 / Sanming||December 1998||December 2000||East Sea Fleet||Active.|
|7||567||襄阳 / Xiangyang||Guangzhou||May 2002||East Sea Fleet||Active. Ex-Xiangfan, Renamed in June 2011.|
|8||566||怀化 / Huaihua||Guangzhou||June 2002||East Sea Fleet||Active.|
|9||527||洛阳 / Luoyang||Hudong||August 2004||September 2005||North Sea Fleet||Active.|
|10||528||绵阳 / Mianyang||Huangpu||May 2004||April 2005||North Sea Fleet||Active.|
|F-22P Zulfiquar-class frigate|
|11||251||Zulfiquar||Hudong||5 April 2008||19 September 2009||Active|
|12||252||Shamsheer||31 October 2008||19 December 2009|
|13||253||Saif||28 May 2009||15 September 2010|
|14||254||Aslat||KSEW||16 June 2011||17 April 2013|