Type 054A frigate
Type 054A frigate Yueyang (575)
|Operators:||People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force|
|Preceded by:||Type 054 frigate|
|Cost:||¥ 1.58 billion|
|Building:||5 as of May 2015[update]|
|Active:||23 as of December 2016[update]|
|Displacement:||4,053 tonnes (full)(CCTV report)|
|Length:||134.1 m (440 ft)(CCTV report)|
|Beam:||16 m (52 ft) (CCTV report)|
|Propulsion:||CODAD, 4 x Shaanxi 16 PA6 STC diesels, 5700 kW (7600+ hp @ 1084 rpm) each|
|Speed:||27 kn estimated|
|Range:||8025 nautical miles estimated|
|Aircraft carried:||1 Kamov Ka-28 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9C|
The Type 054A (NATO codename Jiangkai II) frigate is a class of Chinese multi-role frigates, the first of which entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 2007. The class is planned to comprise 24+ vessels. As of 2016[update], 22 are in service, 1 is fitting out, and 2 are under construction. It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.
The Type 054A was first revealed while under construction at the Guangzhou-based Huangpu Shipyard in 2005.
Improvements over Type 054
The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles and various anti submarine rockets in a VLS system. The HQ-16 provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50 km, a considerable improvement over the HQ-7 carried on the Type 054 which have inferior range and limited engagement angles. Contrary to HQ-9 VLS on Type 052C destroyer which adopts a cold launch method, HQ-16 appears to adopt a hot launch method instead, with the same design principle of US Mk 41 VLS: a shared common exhaust system is sited between the two rows of rectangular launching tubes.The VLS system is also capable of firing anti-submarine missiles.
The 100 mm main gun on earlier Type 054 class is replaced by H/PJ26 stealthy 76 mm dual purpose gun mount, which is a Chinese development of Russian AK-176. The adoption of smaller caliber gun is the result of the need of higher rate of fire for air defense, including sea-skimming anti-ship missiles. H/PJ26 utilizes advanced synthetic material such as fiber glass to a much greater degree than the original AK-176, resulting in over 30% of weight reduction to 11.5 ton of H/PJ26, as opposed to the 16.8+ tons of AK-176.
Another improvement of Type 054A over the original Type 054 (as well other older ships in the People's Liberation Army Navy) is its information systems (IS) for maintenance and inventory control, which automatically provides information to shore based facilities or supply ships on the parts in need, to the last detail, so that parts in need can be provided more quickly. The resulting down time due to maintenance & repair is reduced to a fraction of what it is for older vessels without this IS system. The Chinese[who?] have termed this IS for maintenance and inventory control another force multiplier because it increased availability for deployment by reducing downtime.
The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and a clean profile.
An improved variant beginning with the 18th unit launched from Huangpu Shipyard in 2009 has the 7-barrelled Type 730 CIWS replaced by the more capable 11-barrelled Type 1130, and is unofficially referred as Type 54A+. Another reported improvement over the original Type 054A includes the incorporation of variable depth sonar and towed array sonar.
Type 054A frigate made first operational deployment to Gulf of Aden, when FFG-570 Huangshan set sail as part of 2nd Escort Flotilla/Task Group 167 on 2 April 2009, the Escort Flotilla arrive there on 13 April 2009, and take over form 1st Escort Flotilla/Task Group 169 on 15 April 2009. Since then 11 type 054A have deployed to Gulf of Aden for anti-piracy operations.
In the lead-up to the Libyan civil war, the FFG-530 Xuzhou was deployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to help evacuate Chinese nationals from Libya.
In Feb 2013, China offered to sell Thailand 3 customized 054A frigates ("054T") for 30 billion Thai baht ($1 billion USD) total. However, in April 2013 it was reported that South Korea had won the Royal Thai navy's frigate bid with 1 modified Gwanggaeto the Great-class destroyers at 13 billion Thai baht each.
Ships of Class
|515||滨州/ Binzhou||29 December 2016||East Sea Fleet||Active|
|530||徐州/ Xuzhou||27 January 2008||East Sea Fleet||Active|
|538||烟台/ Yantai||North Sea Fleet||Active|
|546||盐城/ Yancheng||North Sea Fleet||Active|
|549||常州 / Changzhou||Active|
|550||潍坊 / Weifang||2013||North Sea Fleet||Active|
|568||衡阳 / Hengyang|
|569||玉林 / Yulin||Active|
|570||黄山 / Huangshan||Active|
|571||运城 / Yuncheng||Active|
|572||衡水 / Hengshui||Active|
|573||柳州 / Liuzhou||2013||South Sea Fleet|
|574||三亚 / Sanya|
|575||岳阳 / Yueyang|
|576||大庆 / Daqing||Huangpu|
|577||黄冈 / Huanggang||Huangpu||January 2015||East Sea Fleet||Active|
|578||扬州 / Yangzhou ||Active|
|579||邯郸 / Handan||Active|
Aft-deck of frigate Yiyang (548). In this image, US Navy sailors are boarding to meet prior to conducting a bilateral counter-piracy exercise. Visible on the flight deck is a Harbin Z-9 helicopter
HQ-16 VLS SAM launchers on Type 054A Frigate Xuzhou
- United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (8 May 2015). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2015 (PDF) (Report). p. 9. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Rahmat, Ridzwan (30 December 2016). "China commissions 23rd Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
- 舰载武器SHIPBORNE WEAPONS 2013 AUGUST ISSUE
- 1st Type 054A+ launced
- "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光：换装1130近防炮！(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 4. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "中国海军054A+版护卫舰曝光：换装1130近防炮！(by anonymous author, with other person's photograph)" (in Chinese). 中华网. p. 9. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- Gady, Franz-Stefan (December 29, 2016). "China Commissions New Stealth Warship Into East Sea Fleet". The Diplomat. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016.
The Binzhou is the 23rd Type 054A frigate on active duty with the PLAN and constitutes the cornerstone of China’s surface warfare capabilities. The PLAN expects to commission another four Type 054 frigates by 2018. According to a cost estimate published in The Diplomat, the per unit price is set at around $348 million.
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- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). PLA Navy Identification Guide (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 6 June 2015.
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- Tate, Andrew (31 August 2014). "China adding towed sonars to Type 054A, Type 056 vessels". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- Rahmat, Ridzwan (20 January 2015). "China commissions Type 054A frigate into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 August 2015.