Type 054A frigate

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Forty Ships and Submarines Steam in Close Formation During RIMPAC - Hengshui (572) 160728-N-SI773-1974 (cropped).jpg
Hengshui (572) at RIMPAC 2016
Class overview
Builders
Operators
Preceded byType 054 frigate
Cost¥ 1.4 billion (US$212 million)[1]
Built2005–present
In commission2008–present[2]
Planned50[7]
Completed37[a]
Active31[b]
General characteristics
TypeFrigate
Displacement4,053 tonnes (full) (CCTV report)
Length134.1 m (440 ft) (CCTV report)
Beam16 m (52 ft) (CCTV report)
PropulsionCODAD, 4 × Shaanxi 16 PA6 STC diesels, 5700 kW (7600+ hp @ 1084 rpm) each
Speed27 knots
Range4,000 nautical miles (4,600 mi; 7,400 km) estimated at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement165
Sensors and
processing systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys
Armament
  • 1 × 32-cell VLS
  • 2 × 4 YJ-83 anti-ship missiles
  • 1 × PJ26 76 mm dual purpose gun
  • 2 × Type 730 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS guns or Type 1130
  • 2 × 3 324mm Yu-7 ASW torpedo launchers
  • 2 × 6 Type 87 240mm anti-submarine rocket launcher (36 rockets carried)
  • 2 × Type 726-4 18-tube decoy rocket launchers
Aircraft carried1 Kamov Ka-28 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9C
Aviation facilitieshangar

The Type 054A (NATO codename Jiangkai II) frigate is a class of Chinese multi-role frigates, the first of which entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 2007. It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.

The Type 054A was first revealed while under construction at the Guangzhou-based Huangpu Shipyard in 2005.

Improvements over Type 054[edit]

The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles and anti-submarine missiles in a vertical launching system (VLS) system. The HQ-16 has a range of up to 50 km, with superior range and engagement angles to the Type 054's HQ-7. The Type 054A's VLS uses a hot launch method; a shared common exhaust system is sited between the two rows of rectangular launching tubes.[8]

The four AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS) of the Type 054 were replaced with two Type 730 CIWS on the Type 054A. The autonomous Type 730 provides improved reaction time against close-in threats.[9]

The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and a clean profile.[10]

Type 054A+[edit]

An improved variant beginning with the 17th unit[11] launched from Huangpu Shipyard in 2009[12] has the seven-barrelled Type 730 CIWS replaced by the more capable 11-barrelled Type 1130, and is unofficially referred as Type 54A+.[13] Another reported improvement over the original Type 054A includes the incorporation of variable depth sonar and towed array sonar.[14]

Type 054A/P[edit]

Pakistan specific version of Type 054A frigate is an export version of Type 054A of PLAN designed as per requirements of Pakistan Navy. Agreement was signed on 1 June 2018 for four ships. First ship named as PNS Tughril (F261) classified as Tughril-class frigate entered into the service in Pakistan Navy on 8 November 2021.[6]

Operations[edit]

Type 054A frigate made its first operational deployment to the Gulf of Aden, when Huangshan (570) set sail as part of 2nd Escort Flotilla/Task Group 167 on 2 April 2009, the Escort Flotilla arrived there on 13 April 2009, and took over form 1st Escort Flotilla/Task Group 169 on 15 April 2009. Since then, 11 Type 054A have deployed to the Gulf of Aden for anti-piracy operations.

In the lead-up to the First Libyan Civil War, Xuzhou (530) was deployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to help evacuate Chinese nationals from Libya.

In January 2014, Yancheng (546) was redeployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to the eastern Mediterranean Sea to escort Syrian chemical weapons destined for destruction.[15]

Export[edit]

According to an estimate by The Diplomat, Type 054A frigates have a per-unit cost of US$348 million.[16]

Pakistan[edit]

The Pakistan Navy ordered four Type 054A/Ps; the last two orders were announced on 1 June 2018. The ships are expected to enter service by 2021.[17] The steel-cutting ceremony for the second Type 054A/P frigate for the Pakistan Navy (PN) was held in China on 19 December 2018, marking the beginning of construction of the vessel at the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai. [18] On 1 November 2019, China’s Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding held a steel cutting ceremony for the Pakistan Navy’s third and fourth Type 054A/P frigates. The induction of these vessels could significantly enhance the service’s anti-air warfare capabilities.[19] The keel-laying ceremony for the second ship was held on 23 March 2019 at Hudong Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai.[20] The first Type 054A/P for Pakistan was launched on 22 August 2020.[21] The second one was launched on 29 January 2021.[22] Chinese Hudong Zhonghua Shipyard laid the keel of the third Type-054A/P frigate on 1 May 2021. This hull was launched on 3 August 2021.[23][4] The Type 054A/P has a different sensor array than the PLAN Type 054A; it is equipped with the SR2410C long-range search radar and the Type 517/SUR17B air surveillance radar.[24]

Pakistan Navy commissioned the first Chinese-built Type 054A/P (Tughril-class) guided missile frigate, PNS Tughril on 8 November 2021.[6]

Thailand[edit]

In January 2013, it was confirmed that China offered to sell three Type 054As to the Royal Thai Navy for US$1 billion.[25] But in the end, Thailand selected a derivative of the South Korean Gwanggaeto the Great-class destroyer from Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering.[26]

Ships of class[edit]

Pennant Number Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
 People's Liberation Army Navy
500[27] 咸宁 / Xianning[27]
515[28] 滨州 / Binzhou[28] 29 December 2016[28] East Sea Fleet[28] Active[28]
529[29] 舟山 / Zhoushan[29]
530[30] 徐州 / Xuzhou[30] 27 January 2008[31] East Sea Fleet[31] Active[31]
531[32] 湘潭 / Xiangtan[32]
532[33] 荆州 / Jingzhou[33]
536[34] 许昌 / Xuchang[34] 23 June 2017[34] South Sea Fleet[34] Active[34]
538[30][35] 烟台 / Yantai[30][35] North Sea Fleet[35] Active[35]
539[36] 芜湖 / Wuhu[36] Hudong-Zhonghua[36] 8 June 2016[36] 29 June 2017[36] North Sea Fleet[36] Active[36]
542[37] 枣庄 / Zhaozhuang[37]
546[30][35] 盐城 / Yancheng[30][35] North Sea Fleet[35] Active[38]
547[30] 临沂 / Linyi[30] Active[39]
548[30] 益阳 / Yiyang[30]
549[30][40] 常州 / Changzhou[30][40] Active[40]
550[30] 潍坊 / Weifang[30] 2013[41] North Sea Fleet[41] Active[39]
568[30] 衡阳 / Hengyang[30]
569[30] 玉林 / Yulin[30] Active[42]
570[30] 黄山 / Huangshan[30] Active[43]
571[30][44] 运城 / Yuncheng[30][44] Active[44]
572[30] 衡水 / Hengshui[30] Active[45]
573[30] 柳州 / Liuzhou[30] 2013[41] South Sea Fleet[41] Active
574[30] 三亚 / Sanya
575[30] 岳阳 / Yueyang[30]
576[30][46] 大庆 / Daqing[46] Huangpu[46]
577[47] 黄冈 / Huanggang[47] Huangpu[47] January 2015[47] East Sea Fleet[47] Active[47]
578[48] 扬州 / Yangzhou[48] Active[48]
579[48] 邯郸 / Handan[48] Active[48]
598[2] 日照 / Rizhao[2] Huangpu[2] April 2017[2] 12 January 2018[2] North Sea Fleet[2] Active[2]
599 安阳 / Anyang 12 April 2018[49]
601[50] 南通 / Nantong[50]
 Pakistan Navy
261[6] PNS Tughril[6] Hudong-Zhonghua[21] 22 August 2020[21] 8 November 2021[6] Active[6]

Gallery[edit]

Comparable ships[edit]

Ships of comparable role and size:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]