Type 055 destroyer
Artist impression of the Type 055
|Operators:||PLA Navy Surface Force|
|Preceded by:||Type 052D|
|Cost:||CN¥6 billion/unit (including R&D)|
|In service:||2019 (est.)|
|Type:||Guided missile destroyer|
|Displacement:||12-13,000 tonnes (full load)|
|Length:||180 m (590 ft)|
|Beam:||20 m (66 ft)|
|Draught:||6.6 m (22 ft)|
|Speed:||30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Range:||5,000 nmi (9,300 km)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
The Type 055 destroyer (NATO/OSD Renhai-class cruiser) is a class of guided missile destroyers being constructed for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. It's a type of stealth ship designed for multi-mission purpose including air defense, anti-missile, anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare. The class is expected to undertake expeditionary missions and form the primary escort for Chinese aircraft carriers.
The United States classifies these ships as cruisers. The United States Navy defines a cruiser as a large multi-mission surface combatant with flag facilities; this suggests the U.S. expects the Type 055 to fulfil a similar role as the Ticonderoga-class cruiser.
In April 2014, image emerged of a full-scale mock-up of the Type 055 superstructure - with enclosed integrated mast for radar and other electronics - at the Chinese naval electronic testing range in Wuhan.
The first ship began construction in 2014 at the Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai, and launched on 28 June 2017. When launched, it was among the largest post-Second World War warships launched in East Asia, and the largest surface combatant launched by China.
The Type 055 adopts a conventional flared hull with distinctive stealthy features including an enclosed bulbous bow that hides mooring points, anchor chains and other equipment. The bow and main deckhouse are configured similarly to previous Type 052C/D destroyers. A continuous structure amidship increases internal volume and reduces radar cross-section. The integrated superstructure and resigned smoke stack could reduces emitting noise, infrared and electromagnetic radiation.
The maximum speed is estimated to be 30 knots.
On board battle management system is capable of integrate Type 055 with carrier strike groups.
The integrated mast may mount X band radar in four fixed active electronically scanned arrays (AESA). The deckhouse may mount four Type 346B AESA panels; the previous Type 346 was a dual S and C band radar, but the Type 346B may only be S band as a X band radar is included. The X band radar may be mounted higher as it is better suited for horizon search and low altitude object detection. The Type 346B arrays can be larger and have higher power when mounted on the deckhouse below the X band radar.
Various electronic warfare support measures (ESM), electronic countermeasures (ECM), and electro-optic (EO) sensors and datalinks are mounted. They are likely more advanced than those deployed on older ships.
A deployment port exists for variable depth and towed array sonar. The large bulbous bow likely contains a bow sonar; the Type 055 may mount a larger bow sonar than previous Chinese surface combatants.
The primary armament are missiles carried in 112 universal vertical launch cells (VLS); 64 cells forward and 48 cells aft. Each cell has a diameter of 0.85 metres. The cells support cold launches, and hot launches with concentric canisters. The universal cell comes in three lengths; the cells on the Type 055 are likely the longest 9-metre variant. The Type 052D destroyer uses the same model of universal cell. The cells carried on the Type 055 are larger than the strike-length Mark 41 VLS and Mark 57 Peripheral VLS cells employed by the United State Navy.
The Type 055 VLS is expected to carry HHQ-9 surface-to-air_missiles, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles, CJ-10 land-attack cruise missiles, and missile-launched anti-submarine torpedoes upon entering service.
The universal VLS makes it possible to carry future anti-ballistic missiles (ABM); the value of ABM capability on the Type 055 is limited so long as China lacks overseas military bases requiring such protection.
Ships of class
|1||Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd.||28 June 2017||Fitting out|
|2||Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd.||28 April 2018||Fitting out|
|3||Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company||03 July 2018||Fitting out|
|4||Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company||03 July 2018||Fitting out|
|5||Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd.||Under construction|
|6||Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company||Under construction|
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