Type 055 destroyer

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Type 055 destroyer.jpg
Artist's Impression of Type 055 Destroyer
Class overview
Builders: Changxingdao-Jiangnan Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 052D
Building: 1 (?)
General characteristics
Displacement: ~10000 tons
Armament:
  • VLS
    • Anti-ship cruise missiles

The Type 055 destroyer is a class of guided missile destroyers that is in development for the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force.

Development[edit]

Cultural Revolution-era proposed design[edit]

Requirements for a proposed Type 055 destroyer were developed during the Cultural Revolution. After the Revolution, the requirements were reviewed, and the scope revised and reduced. Late revisions included British subsystems, including the Sea Dart surface-to-air missile and Rolls-Royce Olympus TM3B powerplant. The British technology failed to materialize and related projects, including the Type 055 and Type 051S, were cancelled in the early-1980s.[1]

This project was unrelated to the 2010s project.

2010s design[edit]

In April 2014, images showed a full-scale mock-up facility of the superstructure of a large warship being erected at the Chinese naval electronic testing range in Wuhan. The mockup featured an enclosed integrated mast for radar and other electronics.[2][3] Observers have concluded the mockup was for a new class of Chinese warship, displacing approximately 10000 tons, and popularly referred to as Type 055.[4]

In 2015, military analyst Li Li claimed the Type 055 would have two 64-cell VLS grids (one fore and one aft) carrying YJ-100 long-range anti-ship cruise missiles, anti-submarine missiles, and anti-aircraft missiles.[5] The United States believed the ship would carry YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles.[6]

In 2013, Richard Fisher speculated that, if Chinese development was extrapolated, the Type 055 might be the first Chinese warship to mount laser weapons.[7]

In 2015, the United States believed that construction could begin as early as 2016, and has tentatively classified it as a cruiser due to its size.[8][9]

Chinese sources claimed the first Type 055 was ordered from the Jiangnan Shipyard in August 2014, with construction starting in December 2014; the second would be ordered from the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company.[2]

In an interview in 2015, Yin Zhuo countered Western media claims that the Type 055 represented a game changer in naval warfare. Yin regarded the Type 055 as equivalent to the U.S Arleigh Burke-class destroyer and the emphasis of its estimated 10000 ton displacement was exaggerated; the existing Japanese Atago-class destroyer was over 9000 tons, the American Zumwalt-class destroyer was over 12000 tons, and the Russian Udaloy-class destroyer was around 8000 tons. Yin stated that if the Type 055 were to mount lasers or electromagnetic guns, the ship would require a power system that would be revolutionary for the PLAN.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu, Huaqing (2004). "重回海军" [Chapter 12 Return to Navy]. 刘华清回忆录 [Liu Hua-Qing’s Memoir] (in Chinese). Beijing: People's Liberation Army. p. 356. ISBN 9787506547215. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "China May Have Started Construction of Next Generation Destroyer Type 055 for the PLAN". Navyrecognition.com. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Lin, Jeffrey; Singer, P.W. (9 April 2014). "The next new major Chinese warship arrives, on land". Popular Science. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (23 December 2014). China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 25. RL33153. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Tate, Andrew (5 February 2015). "Chinese TV details missile plans for Type 055 destroyer". Janes. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  6. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2015, p.10
  7. ^ Fisher, Richard D. (April 2013). "Considered Speculation: Future PLA Directions That Should Be Considered" (PDF). Defense Security Brief (Office of Defense Studies, Ministry of National Defense, Republic of China) 3 (2): 5. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  8. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2015, p.41
  9. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2015, p.9
  10. ^ Zhang, Tao, ed. (8 January 2015). "Expert: Don't overanalyze PLAN's type-055 destroyer". China Military Online. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
Bibliography