Type 056 corvette

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Type 056 corvette in ShangHai.jpg
PLAN Type 056 corvette
Class overview
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Type 037 corvette
Planned: 30–60(?)
Completed: 40 (PLAN)[1]
Active:
  • 27 (PLAN)[2]
  • 1 (P18)
  • 2 (C13B)
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement: 1,500 tons
Length: 90 m
Beam: 11.14 m
Draught: 4.0 m
Propulsion: 2 SEMT Pielstick PA6-STC diesel motors
Speed: 25 kn
Range: 3,500 nmi at 16 kn
Complement: 78
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Type 347G radar
  • Bow sonar
  • Towed array and variable depth sonar (Type 056A)
Armament:
Aviation facilities: Helipad for 1 medium-lift helicopter

The Type 056 (NATO reporting name: Jiangdao) is a Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy corvette. They replace older patrol craft and some of the Type 053H frigates.[3] The first Type 056 entered service in February 2013.[4] An anti-submarine warfare (ASW) variant, commonly known as Type 056A, has also entered service.[5]

The P18 is the export version of the Type 056. The P18 has been delivered to Nigeria,[6] with additional units under construction for Bangladesh.[7]

Description[edit]

583 Shangrao
YJ-83 ASM launchers
FL-3000N SAM launcher
Radar

The Type 056 fills the capability gap between the Type 022 missile boat and the Type 054A frigate.[8] It is 90 metres long, displaces 1500 tons,[9] and incorporates anti-radar features.[10] The Type 056 is suited for mid-range missions and littoral duties, but not for major blue-water combat operations.[3]

The Type 056 has crew of 78 with a top speed of 25 knots (46 km/h), and a range of 3,500 nautical miles (6,500 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h).[11]

Surface armament is reported as a AK-176 76 mm. gun, two 30 mm. cannon,[11] and four YJ-83 anti-ship missiles.[9] FL-3000N surface-to-air missiles are carried in a single eight-cell launcher.[11] Finally, there are two triple-tube 324 mm. torpedo launchers;[9] these may carry Yu-7 light ASW torpedoes.[11]

The basic Type 056 is equipped with Type 347G (LR66) radar and bow-mounted sonar.[11] The Type 056A adds towed array and variable depth sonars (VDS);[9] the towed body suggests the VDS is "not an exact copy" of either the Italian/US DE-1163 or the French DUBV-43.[12]

The Type 056 has a helicopter deck for a Z-9-sized helicopter, but no hangar.[9]

Development[edit]

The Type 056 hull may have been based on the Pattani-class offshore patrol vessels, which were built in China for Thailand from 2005 to 2006.[13]

The first ship was launched by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding in May 2012.[14][15] In late-2012, corvettes were being produced by four shipyards.[16]

The Type 056A were in production by late-2013. One of the first, 593 Sanmenxia, was launched in November 2013 with a modified hull to accommodate the added ASW gear.[12]

By March 2015, 18 Type 056s and seven Type 056As had been launched.[17] At least 20 were operational in early-2015,[3] and 23 in October 2015.[18] 30 to 60 may ultimately be built.[3]

China Coast Guard variant[edit]

A Type 056 variant for the China Coast Guard was under construction at Huangpu in late-2014 . The forward superstructure was moved back to make for a raised structure ahead of the bridge. Large davits were installed ahead of the flight deck on both sides of the ships. It is not expected to be armed with the 76 mm. gun, missiles, or other weapon systems.[19]

Variants[edit]

The P18 corvette is the export version of the Type 056. The P18 is advertised as displacing 1800 tons, with a 95 m. length and a 12 m. beam; the powerplant is two MTU 20V 4000M diesel engines, for a maximum speed of 25 knots (46 km/h); armament may include a 76 mm. gun, two 30 mm. cannons, up to eight anti anti-ship missiles, and two triple torpedo launchers; a medium-sized helicopter may be carried.[20]

In 2014, the P18 was reportedly considered by Kazakhstan to fill a requirement for up to nine ships.[21]

In late-2014, Argentina reportedly agreed to purchase five P18s, two to be built in China, and the remainder to be co-produced in Argentina. The ships would be called the Malvinas-class, and have towed array sonar and an enlarged landing deck to handle Sea King helicopters. Each ship may cost US$50 million.[20]

Bangladesh[edit]

The C13B corvette is the P18 variant under construction for the Bangladesh Navy. The corvette displaces 1330 tons and is 90 m. long.[7] It is armed with a H/PJ-26 76 mm. gun, C-803 anti-ship missiles, FL-3000N SAMs and Two H/PJ-17 30mm remote controlled gun turrets.[22] The C13B lacks sonar and ASW weapons.[7] Like the Type 056, there is a helicopter pad but no hangar.[6] The corvette has a reported speed of 25 knots (46 km/h).[23]

Two corvettes were ordered from Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan,[7] reportedly in October 2012.[6] Shadhinota (F111), the lead ship, was launched on 30 November 2014.[23] Shadhinota and Prottoy were undergoing initial sea trials in early July 2015, but were not yet completely fitted out. Both were expected to enter service in December 2015.[7] Both ships arrived in Chittagong, their home port, on 10 January 2016.[24]

Two more corvettes were ordered in July 2015 and they are under construction now.[25]

Nigeria[edit]

The P18N offshore patrol vessel (OPV) is the variant operated by the Nigerian Navy. The P18N displaces 1800 tons, is 95 m. long, has an endurance of 20 days,[26] a maximum speed of 21 knots (39 km/h)[27] and a range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h).[26] It has a crew of 75. Armament is reportedly a single NG-16-1 76 mm. gun with a TR47 fire-control radar, two 30 mm. guns, and two 20 mm. guns.[27] The class has an Oil Support Recovery System to combat oil spills.[28] Unlike the Type 056, the P18N has a helicopter hangar.[26]

Nigeria ordered two P18Ns from CSOC in April 2012[29] for US$42 million each.[20] The first was slated to be completed in China, with the final 50–70% of the second being completed at the Nigerian Naval Shipyard in Port Harcourt; CSOC was contracted to upgrade the shipyard to facilitate this.[29]

NNS Centenary (F91), the first P18N, was built at the Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan. It was launched January 2014 and completed trials in October 2014.[27] Centenary left China in December 2014 and arrived in Lagos, Nigeria in February 2015;[26] it was commissioned the same month.[28] Delivery was originally expected in mid-2014.[29]

The second OPV, NNS Unity (F92), was reported in February 2015 to be undergoing outfitting at Wuchang, and was expected to be delivered in 2015.[26] Nigeria had originally expected to receive it in mid-2014 for completion at Port Harcourt.[29]

Ships in class[edit]

 People's Liberation Army Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
Type 056
501[30] 信阳 / Xinyang[30] March 2015[30] North Sea Fleet[30] Active
503[31]
505[18] 秦皇岛 / Qinhuangdao[18] Hudong[18] October 2014[18] 16 October 2015[18] North Sea Fleet[18] Active[18]
580[31][32] 大同 / Datong[32] May 2013[32] Active
581[31][33] 营口 / Yingkou[33] August 2013[33] North Sea Fleet[33] Active
582[31][34] 蚌埠 / Bengbu[31] February 2013[34] Active
583[31] 上饶 / Shangrao[31]
584[31][35] 梅州 / Meizhou[31][35] July 2013[35] South Sea Fleet[35] Active
585[31] 百色/ Baise[31]
586[31] 吉安 / Ji'an[31]
587[31][36] 揭阳 / Jieyang[31][36] January 2014[36] South Sea Fleet[36] Active
588[31][37] 泉州 / Quanzhou[37] August 2014[37] East Sea Fleet[37] Active
589[31][38] 清远 / Qingyuan[38] Huangpu[38] June 2014[38] South Sea Fleet[38] Active
590[31] 威海 / Weihai[39]
591[31]
592[31][38] 泸州 / Luzhou[38] Wuhan[38] June 2014[38] South Sea Fleet[38] Active
595[31]
596[31][40] 惠州 / Huizhou[31][40] July 2013[41] Hong Kong Garrison[40] Active
597[31][40] 钦州 / Qinzhou[31][40] July 2013[41] Hong Kong Garrison[40] Active
Type 056A
502[9] 黄石 / Huangshi[9] Hudong[9] March 2015[9] North Sea Fleet[9] Active
593[5][31] 三门峡 / Sanmenxia[5] Hudong[11] November 2013[12] November 2014[5] East Sea Fleet[5] Active
594[31][42] 株洲 / Zhuzhou[42] November 2014[42] South Sea Fleet[42] Active
 Bangladesh Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F111[7] Shadhinota[7] Wuchang[7] 30 November 2014[23] 11 December 2015[24] Active[24]
F112[7] Prottoy[7] Wuchang[7] 11 December 2015[24] Active[24]
 Nigerian Navy
 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F91[26] Centenary[26] Wuchang[27] January 2014[27] February 2015[28] Active
F92[26] Unity[26] Wuchang[26] 29 November 2014[43] November 2016[44] Active

Comparable ships[edit]

Ships of comparable role and size:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ {http://www.janes.com/article/65088/china-launches-40th-jiangdao-class-corvette}
  2. ^ {http://www.janes.com/article/62965/another-corvette-joins-china-s-east-sea-fleet}
  3. ^ a b c d United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 17. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  4. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (2013). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2013 (PDF) (Report). p. 7. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (18 November 2014). "China inducts second Type 056A corvette into East Sea Fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Mizokami, Kyle (7 May 2015). "A Look at China's Growing International Arms Trade". USNI News. United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
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  8. ^ Dutton, Peter; Erickson, Andrew S.; Martinson, Ryan, eds. (February 2014). China's Near Seas Combat Capabilities (Report). China Maritime Studies. 11. United States Naval War College. p. 122. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
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  10. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (June 2014). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2014 (PDF) (Report). p. 66. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
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  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (8 February 2015). "First Chinese-built OPV arrives in Lagos". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
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External links[edit]