Type 071 amphibious transport dock

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PLANS Changbaishan (LSD-989) 20150130(2).jpg
Type 071 amphibious transport dock ship Changbai Shan (989)
Class overview
Builders: Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1]
Operators:  PLA Navy Surface Force
Succeeded by: Type 075 landing helicopter dock
In service: 2007
Building: 2[2][3]
Completed: 5[4]
General characteristics
Type: Amphibious transport dock
Displacement: 25,000 tons full load.[5]
Length: 210 m (689 ft 0 in)[5]
Beam: 28 m (91 ft 10 in)[5]
Draft: 7 m (23 ft 0 in)[5]
Speed: 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph)[5]
Range: 10,000 nmi (19,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)[5]
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Capacity: Vehicles[1]
Troops: 600–800 troops[1]
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 4 Z-8 Super Frelon[1]

The Type 071 (NATO reporting name: Yuzhao) is a class of Chinese amphibious transport dock ships in service with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). The Type 071 provides the PLAN with capabilities and flexibility not found in its previous landing ships.[6]

Design[edit]

The amphibious warfare ship features a vehicle deck, well-deck, landing deck and a hangar. It can carry a combination of marines, vehicles, landing craft and helicopters. The ship may embark 600 to 800 troops. The stern helicopter deck offers two landing spots for supporting the operations of two Z-8 (SA 321 Super Frelon) transport helicopters. The twin-door cantilever hangar can house up to four Z-8 helicopters. The well deck houses up to four Type 726 air-cushioned landing craft,[1] which can transfer vehicles or marines to the shore at high speed. The LCAC are launched by flooding of the docking area. The vessel can also carry landing craft on port / starboard davits. The vehicle deck can house amphibious assault vehicles including the ZBD05 amphibious IFV and the ZTD-05 amphibious light tank.[7] The stern ramp, two side doors and ramps allow rapid loading of the vehicles and equipment.

The ship is armed with one 76 mm gun and four 30 mm close-in weapon systems.[8]

The Type 071 may operate as the flagship of a task force.[8] the Type 071 may also conduct and support humanitarian, disaster relief, and counterpiracy missions, in addition to amphibious assaults.[7]

Export[edit]

The China State Shipbuilding and Trading Corp. consortium offered to build a modified Type 071 for the Royal Malaysian Navy. The Malaysians had a requirement for a 13,000-ton LPD; the Type 071 would cost a third of the similar US-built San Antonio-class LPD.[8]

Ships of the class[edit]

 Number   Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
1 998[9] 昆仑山 / Kunlun Shan[9] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1] 2007[10] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
2 999[9] 井冈山 / Jinggang Shan[9] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1] 2011[10] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
3 989[9] 长白山 / Changbai Shan[9] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1] 2012[10] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
4 988[9] 沂蒙山 / Yimeng Shan[9] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1] February 2016[1] East Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
5[1] 980[9] 龙虎山 / Longhu Shan[4] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[1] 15 June 2017[1] 12 September 2018[4] East Sea Fleet[4] Active[4]
6[2] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[2] 20 January 2018[2] Fitting-out[2]
7[3] Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding[3] 28 December 2018[3] Fitting-out[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Tate, Andrew (16 June 2017). "China launches fifth LPD for PLAN". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 18 June 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (22 January 2018). "China launches sixth Type 071 LPD". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (31 December 2018). "China launches seventh Type 071 LPD". Jane's 360. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e "China's Fifth Type 071 LPD 'Longhushan' Commissioned with the PLAN". Navy Recognition.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "沪东中华:为中国海军打造"靓丽名片"". cssc.net.cn. China State Shipbuilding Corporation. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  6. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (2017). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2017 (PDF) (Report). pp. 25–26. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "Type 071 Landing Platform Dock". globalsecurity.com. 11 June 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  10. ^ a b c O'Rourke, Ronald (21 May 2018). China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 44. RL33153. Retrieved 6 July 2018.

External links[edit]