Type 092 submarine

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Xia class SSBN.svg
Profile of the type 092
Class overview
Name: Xia-class
Builders: Bohai Shipyard, Huludao
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Succeeded by: Type 094 (Jin-class)
Built: 1981
In commission: 1987
Completed: 1
Active: 1
General characteristics
Type: SSBN
Displacement: 8,000 tonnes (submerged)
Length: 120 m (393 ft 8 in)
Beam: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
Draught: 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
Propulsion: 1 × pressurized-water nuclear reactor, 58MW; 2 × steam turbines; 1 shaft.
Speed: 22 kn
Range: Unlimited
Test depth: 300 m (984 ft 3 in)
Crew: 100
Armament:

The Type 092 (Chinese designation: 09-II; NATO reporting name: Xia-class) submarine was the first nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) deployed by the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force, and the first SSBN designed and built in Asia.

Background[edit]

The first and only confirmed submarine of its class, boat 406, was laid down in 1978 at Huludao, 120 miles north-east of Beijing; she was completed in 1981. She then spent 6 years being fitted out and conducting tests with its 12 JL-1 missiles, becoming active in 1987. Later, the submarine went through numerous upgrades in incremental step, including using Type H/SQ2-262B sonar manufactured by No. 613 Factory replacing the original Type 604 sonar on board.

She was designed by Peng Shilu (彭士禄) and Huang Xuhua (黄旭华),[1] and derived from the Type 091 submarines, with an extended hull to accommodate twelve missile tubes.

The 092 has undergone numerous refits, currently featuring a new black paint, possible quieting technologies, French-designed sonar, and the improved longer ranged JL-1A SLBM. Homeported in Jianggezhuang near Qingdao, it is reported that the 092 has never conducted strategic patrols outside Chinese regional waters.[2]

The 092 is aging however and a new nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, the Type 094, has been developed and deployed by the People's Liberation Army Navy. The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency lists the 092 as being "not operational."[3] While its capability is still being questioned, Xia made its worldwide debut on April 23, 2009 celebrating the 60th anniversary of THE PLA Navy's founding.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew S. Erickson and Lyle J. Goldstein: China's future nuclear submarine force - Insights from Chinese Writings, Naval War College Review, Winter 2007, Vol. 60, No. 1, p55-79.
  2. ^ Taylor, Marcus; Tamerlani, Eric; Farnsworth, Timothy (June 2013). "Pentagon Sees China Progressing on SLBM". Arms Control Today (Arms Control Association) 43 (5): 31–32. Retrieved 27 April 2015 – via JSTOR. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Type 092 Xia Class SSBN
  4. ^ China's navy - Distant horizons, economist.com

External links[edit]