Type 094 submarine

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Jin class SSBN.svg
Profile of the Type 094
Jin (Type 094) Class Ballistic Missile Submarine.JPG
Type 094 submarine
Class overview
Name: Type 094 (Jin class)
Builders: Bohai Shipyard, Huludao, China
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: Type 092 (Xia class)
Succeeded by: Type 096 (Tang class)
In commission: 2007–present[1]
Planned: 8 (projected)[2]
Active: 4[3]
General characteristics
Type: Ballistic missile submarine
Tonnage: 11,000 tons submerged.[4]
Length: 135 m (442 ft 11 in)[5]
Beam: 12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: Nuclear reactor, 1 shaft
Range: Unlimited
Armament: Missiles: 12 JL-2 SLBM

The Type 094 (Chinese: 094型核潜艇; Chinese designation: 09-IV; NATO reporting name: Jin class) is a class of ballistic missile submarine developed by China for the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force. The Type 094 succeeds the Type 092 submarine.

Background[edit]

The Type 094 was first spotted in 2006 on commercial satellite imagery of the Xiaopingdao Submarine Base. It was noted as being longer than the Type 092.[5] Two Type 094s were spotted at the Bohai Shipyard in May 2007, although it was not clear if these included the one spotted in 2006.[6]

One was operational in 2010,[1] three in 2013,[7] and four in 2015.[3] As many as eight may enter service by 2020.[2]

The PRC is interested in augmenting its ICBM forces with SSBNs to enhance its comprehensive nuclear deterrent force.[8] Nuclear deterrent patrols commenced in December 2015.[9]

Description[edit]

JL-1 and JL-2 missiles

The Type 094 is armed with 12 JL-2 SLBMs, each with an estimated range of 7,400 km (4,600 mi).[7][10] According to Global Security, the missile reportedly can carry 3 to 4 (MIRV) nuclear warheads.[11] The Type 094 and JL-2 will give China "its first credible sea-based nuclear strike capability."[12]

globalsecurity.org notes that a Type 094 patrolling just northeast of the Kuril Islands would be able to strike three-quarters of the continental United States;[13] launching from Chinese coastal waters would barely reach the Aleutian Islands.[14] Thomas-noone and Medcalf note that the Type 094s noisiness would make it difficult for it to reach and maintain patrol areas where it could strike at the continental United States; no such limitations would exist against Indian targets.[15]

Noise[edit]

In 2009, USN ONI listed the Type 094 as being slightly noisier than Project 667BDR (NATO reporting name Delta III) from the late-1970s,[16] some of which were in service through 2015 with the Russian navy.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Department of Defense. Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010 (PDF) (Report). pp. 3 (pp12 of PDF). Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Fisher, Richard D, Jr. (19 April 2015). "US upgrades assessment of China's Type 094 SSBN fleet". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b United States Office of Naval Intelligence. The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 20. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  4. ^ http://news.usni.org/2014/06/09/chinese-weapons-worry-pentagon
  5. ^ a b Kristensen, Hans M. (5 July 2007). "New Chinese Ballistic Missile Submarine Spotted". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Kristensen, Hans M. (4 October 2007). "Two More Chinese SSBNs Spotted". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  7. ^ a b United States Department of Defense (May 2013). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2013 (PDF) (Report). pp. 6 (pp14 of PDF). Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Does China have an effective sea-based nuclear deterrent?". ChinaPowerCSIS. 
  9. ^ Fisher, Richard D., Jr. (16 December 2015). "China advances sea- and land-based nuclear deterrent capabilities". Jane's Defence Weekly (Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group) 53 (6). ISSN 0265-3818. 
  10. ^ National Air and Space Intelligence Center (2013). Ballistic & Cruise Missile Threat (PDF) (Report). p. 25. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/china/jl-2.htm
  12. ^ "Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2009" (PDF). Office of the Secretary of Defense: 48 (pp60 of PDF). 
  13. ^ Pike, John, ed. (20 January 2015). "Type 094 Jin-class Ballistic Missile Submarine". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  14. ^ Pike, John, ed. (20 March 2014). "JL-2 (CSS-NX-14)". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  15. ^ Thomas-noone, Brendan; Medcalf, Rory (September 2015). Nuclear-armed submarines in Indo-Pacific Asia: Stabiliser or menace? (PDF) (Report). Lowy Institute for International Policy. p. 6 (pp8 of PDF). Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  16. ^ Office of Naval Intelligence (August 2009). The People's Liberation Army Navy, A Modern Navy with Chinese Characteristics (PDF) (Report). p. 22 (pp25 of PDF). Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Novichkov, Nikolai (13 August 2015). "Russia's new maritime doctrine". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 

External links[edit]