Type 1936-class destroyer
|Preceded by:||Type 1934A class|
|Succeeded by:||Type 1936A class|
|Length:||123.4 or 125.1 m (404 ft 10 in or 410 ft 5 in) o/a|
|Beam:||11.8 m (38 ft 9 in)|
|Draft:||4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)|
|Speed:||36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)|
|Range:||2,050 nmi (3,800 km; 2,360 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)|
The Type 1936-class destroyers were a group of six destroyers built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, during the late 1930s. They all participated in World War II although all but one were sunk or scuttled during the naval Battles of Narvik in 1940.
Design and description
These six ships were improved and enlarged versions of the Type 1934- and Type 1934A-classes. Despite the serious faults of the earlier ships that were not apparent when they were being designed, their problems had been resolved by the time the Type 36 class was designed. Engine reliability and the structural integrity was much improved and they were much better seagoing ships, shipping much less water through an improvement in the design of the bows.
The ships had an overall length of 123.4 or 125.1 meters (404 ft 10 in or 410 ft 5 in) and were 120 meters (393 ft 8 in) long at the waterline. They had a beam of 11.8 meters (38 ft 9 in), and a maximum draft of 4.5 meters (14 ft 9 in). The Type 36 displaced 2,411 long tons (2,450 t) at standard load and 3,415 long tons (3,470 t) at deep load. The two Wagner geared steam turbine sets, each driving one propeller shaft, were designed to produce 70,000 PS (51,000 kW; 69,000 shp) using steam provided by six high-pressure Wagner boilers with superheaters for a designed speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 739 metric tons (727 long tons) of fuel oil which gave a range of 2,050 nautical miles (3,800 km; 2,360 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph). Their crew consisted of 10 officers and 313 sailors.
The Type 36-class ships carried five 12.7 cm SK C/34 guns in single mounts with gun shields, two each superimposed, fore and aft. The fifth mount was positioned on top of the rear deckhouse. Their anti-aircraft armament consisted of four 3.7 cm SK C/30 guns in two twin mounts abreast the rear funnel and six 2 cm C/30 guns in single mounts. The ships carried eight above-water 53.3-centimeter (21.0 in) torpedo tubes in two power-operated mounts. Four depth charge throwers were mounted on the sides of the rear deckhouse and they were supplemented by six racks for individual depth charges on the sides of the stern. Sufficient depth charges were carried for either two or four patterns of sixteen charges each. Mine rails could be fitted on the rear deck that had a maximum capacity of sixty mines. 'GHG' (Gruppenhorchgerät) passive hydrophones were fitted to detect submarines and an active sonar system was installed by the end of 1939.
|Z17 Diether von Roeder||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 9 September 1936
|Z18 Hans Lüdemann||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 9 September 1936
Launched: 1 December 1937
|Z19 Hermann Künne||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 5 October 1936
|Z20 Karl Galster||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 14 September 1937
|Z21 Wilhelm Heidkamp||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 15 December 1937
Launched: 20 August 1938
|Z22 Anton Schmitt||Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 3 January 1938
Launched: 20 September 1938
- Gröner 1990, p. 202
- Whitley, p. 215
- Whitley, pp. 71–72
- Gröner, Erich (1990). German Warships: 1815–1945. Volume 1: Major Surface Warships. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-790-9.
- Haarr, Geirr H. (2009). The German Invasion of Norway, April 1940. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-310-9.
- Koop, Gerhard; Schmolke, Klaus-Peter (2003). German Destroyers of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-307-1.
- Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
- Whitley, M. J. (1991). German Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-302-8.