Type 201 submarine

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Class overview
Builders: Howaldtswerke, Kiel, Germany
Operators:  German Navy
Succeeded by: Type 205 submarine
Planned: 12
Completed: 3
Cancelled: 9
Active: 0
Retired: 3
General characteristics
Type: Type 201 U-boat
Displacement:
  • 395 t (389 long tons) surfaced
  • 433 t (426 long tons) submerged
Length: 42.40 m (139 ft 1 in)
Beam: 4.60 m (15 ft 1 in)
Draft: 3.80 m (12 ft 6 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 10.7 knots (19.8 km/h; 12.3 mph), surfaced;
  • 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph), submerged
Range:
  • 3,800 nautical miles (7,000 km; 4,400 mi), surfaced;
  • 270 nautical miles (500 km; 310 mi) at 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph), submerged
Test depth: 100 metres (330 ft)
Complement: 21
Sensors and
processing systems:
sonar, radar, periscope, GHG
Armament:

The Type 201 was Germany's first class of military submarines built after World War II. They were built out of amagnetic steel to counter the threat of magnetic naval mines, but the material had been insufficiently tested and proved to be problematic in service with the Bundesmarine. Microscopic cracks in the pressure hull forced the cancellation of nine of the twelve ordered submarines and the early retirement of the three completed boats. They were replaced by the very similar Type 205 submarines, that were constructed with normal steel. Responsible for the design and construction was the Ingenieurkontor Lübeck (IKL) headed by Ulrich Gabler.

List of boats[edit]

Pennant
number
Name Shipyard Laid down Launched Com-
missioned
Decom-
missioned
fate
S180 U-1 Howaldtswerke 8 June 1960 2 October 1961 20 March 1962 22 June 1963
S181 U-2 Howaldtswerke 1 September 1960 25 January 1962 3 May 1962 15 August 1963 broken up
S182 U-3 Howaldtswerke 12 October 1960 7 May 1962 20 June 1964 15 September 1967 sunk in trials 1971

U-3 was loaned to the Royal Norwegian Navy and served under the name Kobben from 1962 to 1964 before being commissioned in the German Navy.

References[edit]