Type 2 Ho-I

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Type 2 Ho-I
Type 2 Ho-I gun tank.jpg
Type 2 Ho-I gun tank
Place of origin  Empire of Japan
Specifications
Weight 16.1 tons
Length 5.73 m (18 ft 10 in)
Width 2.33 m (7 ft 8 in)
Height 2.58 m (8 ft 6 in)
Crew 5

Armor 12-50 mm
Main
armament
75 mm Type 99 Gun
Secondary
armament
1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 machine gun
Engine Mitsubishi Type 100 air cooled
V-12 diesel
240 hp (179 kW)
Suspension Bell crank
Operational
range
100 kilometers
Speed 44 km/h (27 mph)

The Type 2 Gun tank Ho-I (二式砲戦車 ホイ Ni-shiki hōsensha Ho-I?) Support Tank was a derivative of the Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tanks of the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II. Similar in concept to early variant of the German Panzer IV, it was designed as a self-propelled howitzer to provide the close-in fire support for standard Japanese medium tanks with additional firepower against enemy anti-tank fortifications.[1]

History and development[edit]

Experimental Type 1 gun tank Ho-I, 1941.

Design work on the Type 2 Ho-I began in 1937, after experience in Manchukuo taught Japanese war planners that an armored vehicle with a larger weapon would be useful against fortified enemy positions such as pillboxes, against which the standard low-velocity 57mm and high-velocity 47mm tank guns were ineffective. Since this vehicle was to be able to keep up with the rest of an armored formation, the Japanese began work on mounting a Type 41 75 mm Mountain Gun onto the chassis of the Chi-Ha medium tank. The adapted mountain gun, known as the Type 99 75 mm Tank Gun, was completed in 1940. In 1942, the Type 99 75 mm gun was fitted into a Type 97-Kai Shinhoto Chi-Ha turret which led to the Type 2 Ho-I.[2] The Type 2 was intended for fire support.[2] It was for deployment in a "gun tank company of the tank regiment".[3]

Design[edit]

Type 2 gun tank Ho-I side view

The main armament of the Type 2 Ho-I was a Type 99 75 mm tank gun, and secondary armament was a single 7.7 mm Type 97 Light Machine Gun in the hull.[4] The short barreled 75 mm Type 99 Gun was mounted in a fully rotating gun turret.[2]

The "experimental model" used the Type 97 Chi-Ha chassis.[5] The production model utilized the chassis of the Type 1 Chi-He, which was itself a modified Type 97 Chi-Ha.[2]

Combat record[edit]

Production was hampered by material shortages, and by the bombing of Japan in World War II. All 31 Type 2 Ho-I tanks were conversions from existing Type 1 Chi He medium tanks.[6] The Tokyo factory of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was unable to retool for mass production by the end of 1944, when the program was cancelled. These units were allocated to the Japanese home islands to defend against the projected Allied Invasion. As the cessation occurred before that invasion, the Type 2 Ho-I never saw combat.[1][7]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Foss, Christopher (2003). Great Book of Tanks: The World's Most Important Tanks from World War I to the Present Day. Zenith Press. ISBN 0-7603-1475-6. 
  • Foss, Christopher (2003). Tanks: The 500. Crestline. ISBN 0-7603-1500-0. 

External links[edit]