Type 30 bayonet
|Type 30 bayonet|
Japanese Type 30 Bayonet
|Used by||Japan, United Kingdom|
World War I
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
|Length||514 millimetres (20.24 in)|
|Blade length||400 millimetres (15.75 in)|
The Type 30 bayonet (三十年式銃剣 sanjūnen-shiki jūken) was a bayonet designed for the Imperial Japanese Army to be used with the Arisaka Type 30 Rifle and was later used on the Type 38 and Type 99 rifles. Some 8.4 million were produced, and it remained in front-line use from the Russo-Japanese War to the end of World War II. All Japanese infantrymen were issued with the Type 30, whether they were armed with a rifle or pistol, or even if they were unarmed.
The Type 30 Bayonet was a single-edged sword bayonet with a 400 millimetres (15.75 in) blade and an overall length of 514 millimetres (20.24 in) with a weight of approximately 700 grams. The Type 30 bayonet is also known as the “Pattern 1897 bayonet”. Early Type 30 bayonets usually sported a hooked quillion guard which was designed to catch and trap the enemy's blade. By 1942 the quillon was eliminated to save materials and decrease production time, leaving only a straight guard. Type 30 scabbards went from metal (pre-1942), to vulcanized fibre (1942-43), and finally to wood or bamboo (1944-45).
The design was intended to give the average Japanese infantryman a long enough reach to pierce the abdomen of a cavalryman. However, the design had a number of drawbacks, some caused by the poor quality of forgings used, which tended to rust quickly and not hold an edge, and to break when bent.
The weapon was manufactured from 1897 to 1945 at a number of locations, including the Kokura Arsenal, Koishikawa Arsenal (Tokyo) and Nagoya Arsenal, as well as under contract by private manufacturers including Matsushita, Toyoda Automatic Loom and others.
- Rottman, Gordon L. (2005). Japanese Army in World War II - Conquest of the Pacific 1941-42. Oxford, England: Osprey Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 1841767891.
- Nila, Gary (2011). Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces: Uniforms and Equipment 1932-45. London, England: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781780962399. Retrieved 14 March 2019.