Type 44 carbine
This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Type 44 carbine|
|Place of origin||Japan|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||World War I|
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Chinese Civil War
Indonesian National Revolution
First Indochina War
|Mass||3.3 kg (7 lb 4 oz)|
|Length||966 mm (3 ft 2 in)|
|Barrel length||487 mm (1 ft 7.2 in)|
|Muzzle velocity||761 m/s (2,500 ft/s) Type 38 cartridge|
|Effective firing range||366 m (400 yd)|
|Maximum firing range||2.01 km (1.25 mi)|
|Feed system||5-round internal magazine|
The Type 44 Cavalry Rifle (四四式騎銃 Yonyon-shiki kijū/Yonjūyon-shiki kijū) is a Japanese bolt-action rifle. This rifle is also often referred to as a Type 44 Carbine.
The Type 44 is sometimes confused with the Type 38 carbine, since they were developed based on the Type 38.
The Type 44 entered production in 1911 and entered service in 1912 (the 44th year of the Meiji period, hence "Type 44"), and served on until the end of the Second World War in 1945, production of the rifle ran until three years prior to the end of the Second World War; 1942. Approximately 91,900 Type 44 rifles were produced by Japanese arsenals during these years.
A Type 44 was donated to Australia to the Australian War Memorial to show standard weapons/equipment of a Japanese soldier after World War One.
Modern day clones made as air guns are currently made in Japan by Tanaka Works.
Developed from the Type 38 carbine to provide a cavalryman a carbine with a bayonet and not be encumbered with weapons as before the trooper was required to have a Type 32 cavalry saber, a Type 38 carbine and a bayonet., the main difference being the bayonet is a needle type and it can be folded backwards and locks underneath the barrel.
A hook was located directly below the front sight on the right side of the rifle, replicating the hooked quillon of the Type 30 bayonet for use in the bayonet fencing techniques taught to Japanese soldiers of the period.
The Type 44 also included a compartment in the buttstock for which to store a unique two-piece cleaning rod. The cleaning rod storage compartment was accessed via an ingenious rotating door. It fired the 6.5×50mm Arisaka round, and capacity was an internal five-round box magazine, it was fed via five-round chargers.
The Type 44 was produced in three variations (referred to as First, Second, and Third variations).
The major differences between variations was in the folding bayonet housing, which increased the length and durability with each variation. The changes to the bayonet housing was because of accuracy issues and to strengthen the stock. A minor difference between variations may be found in the cleaning rod compartment found beneath the buttplate.
First variation stocks had two holes drilled for each half of the cleaning rod, while second and third variations had a single larger hole to house both halves of the cleaning rod.
- China: Most used by the People's Liberation Army.
- Japan: Used by the Imperial Japanese Army's cavalry forces.
- Manchukuo; Used by elite cavalry units of the Manchukuo Imperial Army
- Allan and Macy. p.241-316
- Jowett, Philip S. (2010). Rays of the rising sun : armed forces of Japan's Asian allies, 1931-45. 1, China & Manchukuo. Helion. p. 24. ISBN 9781906033781.
- Allan, Francis C. and Macy, Harold W. The Type 38 Arisaka 2007. AK Enterprises, U.S.A. ISBN 978-0-9614814-4-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Type 44 carbine.|