Type 54 pistol

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Type 54 pistol
ChineseType54Pistol.jpg
The export version of Type 54-1.
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originChina
Service history
In service1954–present
Used bySee Users
WarsSino-Indian War
Vietnam War
Indo-Pakistan war of 1971
Laotian Civil War
Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Sino-Vietnamese War
Sri Lankan Civil War
Kargil war
Production history
DesignerNorinco
Designed1954
ManufacturerNorinco
Produced1954–present
VariantsSee Variants
Specifications
Mass890 g (31 oz)
Length195 mm (7.7 in)
Barrel length116 mm (4.6 in)
Height134 mm (5.3 in)

Cartridge7.62×25mm, .38 Super or 9×19mm Parabellum
ActionShort recoil actuated, locked breech, single action, semi-auto
Muzzle velocity420 m/s (1,378 ft/s)
Effective firing range50 m
Feed system8-round detachable box magazine, 14-round box magazine (213A/B)
SightsFront blade, rear notch
156 mm (6.1 in) sight radius

The Type 54 (simplified Chinese: 54式手枪; traditional Chinese: 54式手槍) and its variants (Type 51, M20, TU-90 and Model 213 pistols) are Chinese copies of the Soviet type Tokarev TT-33.

Introduction[edit]

The Type 54 is the improved version of the Type 51 (Chinese copy of the TT-33) produced after the Korean War. The Type 51 was first adopted in 1951 and produced in Shenyang's Factory 66 using both Russian and Chinese-made parts. In 1954, after approximately 250,000 pistols were manufactured, the designation was changed to Type 54 and the pistol used exclusively indigenous components. This type of pistol is commonly available in 7.62×25mm caliber, although some variants have been made in 9×19mm Parabellum.

Though the QSZ-92 (Type 92) has supplemented the Type 54 in the Army, the weapon is still in service in some of the Chinese armed forces (such as the People's Armed Police and some People's Liberation Army troops) today.

The Vietnamese used the Type 54 during the Vietnam War, with the designation súng ngắn K-54 (a Vietnamese translation from the Chinese 54式手枪 (type 54 hand gun), with K for Kiểu being type). Type 54 pistols were smuggled into Japan in a significant quantity, often for use by the Yakuza.

Variants[edit]

Norinco, the People's Liberation Army's state weapons manufacturer in China, still manufactures a commercial variant of the Tokarev pistol chambered in the more common 9×19mm Parabellum round, known as the Tokarev Model 213, as well as in the original 7.62×25mm caliber. It features a safety catch, which was absent on Soviet-produced TT-33 handguns. Furthermore, the Model 213 features the thin slide grip grooves, as opposed to the original Russian wide-types. The 9×19mm model is featured with a magazine well block mounted in the rear of the magazine well to accept 9×19mm-type magazines without frame modification.

The Norinco model in current production is not available for sale in the United States due to import prohibitions on Chinese firearms, although older handguns of the Model 213 type imported in the 1980s and 1990s are common.

The M20 was a version of the Type 54 made without factory markings to conceal the weapon's origins. Many of these were provided to North Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War.

The TU-90 (also known as the NP-10 or Model 213-B) is an improved Model 213 similar to the Hungarian-designed and manufactured, Egyptian contracted Tokagypt 58 of the 1950s. Construction is primarily of forged and machined steel, with a matte blued finish. The grips are of wrap-around rubber ribbed on the side.

Newer variants like the WQ213B54 and NT04, with a double stacked magazine, have been developed.

There are also Pakistani made versions which use 7.62mm caliber and have burst fire mode or fully-automatic fire mode.

Users[edit]

Popularity[edit]

Type 54 pistols are also known colloquially as "Black Star" pistols (Traditional Chinese:黑星手槍, Simplified Chinese: 黑星手枪).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Type 54 7.62 mm and Series 213 9 mm self-loading pistols (China)". Jane's Infantry Weapons. 2011-01-14. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  2. ^ Small Arms Survey (2012). "Between State and Non-state: Somaliland's Emerging Security Order" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Cambridge University Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-521-19714-4.
  3. ^ Smith, Chris (October 2003), In the Shadow of a Cease-fire: The Impacts of Small Arms Availability and Misuse in Sri Lanka (PDF), Occasional Paper 11, Small Arms Survey, p. 13