Type 63 anti-aircraft gun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the SPAAG. For other uses, see Type 63.
Type 63
Type 65 37mm Air Defense Gun.jpg
A Type 63 on display at the US Army Aberdeen Proving Grounds.
Type Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin  People's Republic of China
Weight 32 tonnes (35.2 tons)
Length 6.432 m (21 ft 1 in)
Width 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Height 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 6

Armor 18-45 mm (0.7-1.8 in)
twin Type 63 37 mm (1.45 in) anti-aircraft autocannons[1]
Engine 12-cylinder turbocharged diesel
580 hp (432 kW)
Power/weight 18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne)
Suspension Christie
300 km (190 mi)[1]
Speed Road: 55 km/h (34 mph)

The Type 63 is a Chinese self-propelled anti-aircraft gun[2][3] based on the Type 58 medium tank (itself a Chinese copy of the Soviet T-34/85).


The Type 63 retains the hull from the Type 58 but the turret was replaced by an open-top box turret armed with twin Type 63 37mm anti-aircraft guns.[1] The guns were loaded manually with 5-round clips. While the Type 63 was on par with contemporary anti-aircraft systems, such as the M42 Duster, due to the lack of hydraulic elevation systems, the guns had to be elevated manually. Because of this, the Type 63 was ineffective against fast moving, low flying aircraft. Nevertheless, due to its rate of fire, it was found to be an effective ground support weapon.

Service history[edit]

The Type 63 was supplied to the NVA by China during the Vietnam War. The NVA used it extensively in the Vietnam War but only a small number were available due to the lack of adequate anti-aircraft equipment. It remained in service with the post-war People's Army of Vietnam, as well as the PLA, until the late 1980s. At least one was captured by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the 1972 Easter Offensive.[1]


Map with former Type 63 operators in red

Former operators[edit]


External links[edit]