Type 645 tanker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
History
PRC
Name: Guangzhou
Namesake: Guangzhou
General characteristics
Displacement: 530 long tons (540 t)
Length: 49 m (160 ft 9 in)
Beam: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)
Draught: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 1 × marine diesel engine, single shaft
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 19
Armament: 14.5 mm (0.57 in) machine guns

Type 645 tanker is a type of naval auxiliary ship currently in service with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and this type has received NATO reporting name as Guangzhou class.[1] Originally designed as a coastal oiler that is capable of transport both water and oil, around twenty-three entered service, with four as water tankers and sixteen as oilers. This class has begun to be retired from active military service in the mid-2010s.[1]

Type 645 series ships in PLAN service are designated by a combination of two Chinese characters followed by three-digit number. The second Chinese character is You (油), meaning oil in Chinese, or Shui (水), meaning water, because these ships are classified either as oil and water tankers. The first Chinese character denotes which fleet the ship is service with, with East (Dong, 东) for East Sea Fleet, North (Bei, 北) for North Sea Fleet, and South (Nan, 南) for South Sea Fleet. However, the pennant numbers may have changed due to the change of Chinese naval ships naming convention. Seven have been identified as still in active service as mid 2015:

 Type   Pennant #   Status   Fleet 
645 Bei-Shui 590 Active North Sea Fleet
645 Bei-Shui 593 Active North Sea Fleet
645 Bei-You 571 Active North Sea Fleet
645 Dong-Shui 645 Active East Sea Fleet
645 Dong-You 624 Active East Sea Fleet
645 Nan-Shui 954 Active South Sea Fleet

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Type 645 tanker". Retrieved April 3, 2013.