Type 64 MAT

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For the Japanese assault rifle, see Howa Type 64. For the Chinese pistol, see Type 64 pistol. For the Taiwanese light tank, see Type 64 tank.
Type 64 MAT
Type MCLOS wire-guided Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Japan
Service history
In service 1964 - present[1]
Used by Japan
Production history
Designer Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute[2]
Designed 1957
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Produced 1964
No. built 220[3]
Specifications
Weight 15.7 kg
Length 1.02 m
Diameter 0.12 m
Crew 3

Effective firing range 350 to 1,800 m
Warhead Hollow charge

Engine Two-stage solid rocket motor - first stage rated at 130 kg static thrust, second stage rated at 15 kg static thrust.
Speed 306 km/h
Guidance
system
MCLOS system

The Type 64 MAT (64式対戦車誘導弾 64-shiki tai-sensha yūdō-dan[4]?) was a Japanese wire guided anti-tank missile developed during the late 1950s. The missile is a broadly similar to the Swiss/German Cobra and the 9M14 Malyutka. Within the JGSDF, it is also known as 64MAT and KAM-3.[5]

History[edit]

Development of the missile began in 1957, and was adopted as standard equipment for the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces with the official designation Type 64 ATM in 1964. Kawasaki Heavy Industries had been responsible for manufacturing the Type 64.[6]

Though the Type 64 MAT had been largely phased out and replaced by the Type 79 Jyu-MAT and Type 87 Chu-MAT as front-line anti-tank missiles in the 1970s to the 1990s, a small number are being held as reserve missiles.

Description[edit]

The missile is cruciform in cross-section with four large wings. It is powered by a dual thrust rocket motor, which accelerates the missile to its cruising speed in 0.8 seconds.

Operational use[edit]

The missile is launched from an open framed launcher at an angle of 15 degrees. The operator steers the missile using a control box, which sends commands down a wire that is trailed from the missile. A gyroscope in the missile compensates for pitch and yaw.[2]

Mitsubishi Type 73 jeep with two Type 64 anti-tank missile pods.

The Type 64 is typically operated by a three-man crew. It can also be deployed from a Mitsubishi Type 73 Jeep, which can carry four missiles.[2]

Similar missile systems[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The missile has gradually phased out, although is still kept in reserve
  2. ^ a b c 64式 対戦車誘導弾 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  3. ^ "Index of Japanese Military Equipment - Index des équipements militaires japonais" (in English and French). Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  4. ^ taisensha yuudoudan = Anti-tank guided missile
  5. ^ Andreas Parsch (2004-03-16). "Japanese Military Aircraft Designations (after 1945)". Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  6. ^ "Type-87 anti-tank missile". Federation of American Scientists. 1999-08-10. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6

Biography[edit]

  • Brassey's Infantry Weapons of the World, J.I.H. Owen.
  • Jane's Infantry Weapons 1991-92, Ian V. Hogg.
  • Brassey's Anti-tank weapons, John Norris