Type 79 submachine gun

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1979 Nianshi Chongfeng Qiang
Evers Type 79 SMG.PNG
Type 79 7.62mm Submachine Gun
TypeSubmachine gun
Place of originChina
Service history
In service1979–present
Used byPeople's Republic of China
Production history
Designer208 Institute of the Ministry of Ordnance Industry
ManufacturerChina North Industries Corporation
and China South
No. built+290,000
Weight1.75 kg
Length740 mm stock extended/470mm stock closed
Barrel length250 mm

Cartridge7.62×25 mm Tokarev
ActionGas-Operated, Rotating bolt
Rate of fire1000 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity515 m/s
Effective firing range200 m
Feed system20-round box magazine
SightsRear sight notch

The Type 79 (Chinese: 1979年式衝鋒槍; pinyin: 1979 Niánshì Chōngfēng Qiāng; literally: "1979 Year Type Submachine Gun") but more commonly known (Chinese: 79式衝鋒槍; pinyin: 79 Shì Chōngfēng Qiāng; literally: "79 Type Submachine Gun") is the first generation indigenous submachine gun used by the Chinese military, security, and police forces. The submachine gun was type classified in 1979 and entered mass production in 1983.

The Type 79 is widely equipped by the PLAAF, scout and special operation units, as well as the People's Armed Police (PAP) and the Public Security Police.


The design of the Type-79 submachine gun was completed in 1979. The production model was completed in 1983. From the 1981 pilot production, the total production of the Type 79 was nearly 200,000 until 1992. The highest years of production were between 1988 and 1991. During that period the Type 79 was produced at a rate of more than 30,000 per year. Generally firearms take between five and seven years to develop with a typical staff of between four and ten people. The developmental period of Type 79 was 15 years with a staff of over 70 people[citation needed].

The Type 79 fires 7.62 millimeter caliber steel-cored pistol bullets in either the automatic or semiautomatic mode. The gun is gas-operated, with a foldable butt stock. The basic configuration of this submachine gun makes for an ideal size, weight, and capable (in terms of accuracy, lethality, reliability, etc.) close quarters battle (CQB) weapon. It accepts a 20-round magazine and has an effective range of 200 meters.

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