Type 89 (tank destroyer)

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Type 89
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin  China
Service history
In service 1989 - 2015
Production history
Designed 1982
Manufacturer Norinco
Produced 1989-1995
Number built 100
Weight 31 tons[1]
Length 5.6m
Width 2.8m
Height 3.12m
Crew 4[1]

Armor 50 mm
120 mm gun
12.7mm HMG, 7.62mm MG[1]
Engine WR4B-12V150LB diesel
520 hp[2]
Power/weight 16 hp/t
Suspension torsion bar
450 km[1]
Speed 55 km/h[1]

The Type 89 tracked tank destroyer was a Chinese armored vehicle that entered service in 1988. Armed with a 120 millimeter smoothbore gun, it was intended to combat newer generations of Western and Russian main battle tanks that were equipped with composite armor and 120 and 125 millimeter caliber guns. Despite a successful development process, with the end of the Cold War it became apparent that the weapon was no longer needed.[3] Production was halted with around 100 examples built[3] in 1995. It had several shortcomings including thin armor, high maintenance costs, and an unstabilized gun that could not fire on the move and had a relatively short range. An official retirement ceremony was held by the 39th Army Group on 3 November 2015, phased out in favor of anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs).[4][5]


  1. ^ a b c d e 89式120毫米自走反戰車砲
  2. ^ PTZ89
  3. ^ a b "Type 89 Tank Destroyer". China Defence Today sinodefence. 
  4. ^ China to Retire Its Armored Tank Destroyers - Thediplomat.com, 19 November 2015
  5. ^ "老伙计再见:解放军89式自行反坦克炮开始退役". slide.mil.news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2015-11-11.