Type 905 replenishment tanker

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Hongzehu (AOR 881) docks at Pearl Harbor 060906-N-4856G-051 0TWVK.jpg
Class overview
Builders: Dalian Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
 Pakistan Navy
Completed: 4
General characteristics
Displacement: 21,750 tonnes
Length: 168.3 m
Beam: 21.79 m
Draught: 9.38 m
Draft: 9.39 m; 30.8 ft
Propulsion: 1 Sulzer 8RL B66 diesel 15,000 hp, 1 shaft
Speed: 18 knots
Range: 18,000 miles
Complement: 130
Crew: 130 (24 officers)
Armament: 8 - 37 mm guns (4 twin)
Aircraft carried: medium utility helicopter
Aviation facilities: flight deck

The Type 905 Fuqing-class auxiliary oiler replenishment (AOR) ship is a class of replenishment vessels used by the People's Liberation Army Navy and Pakistan Navy to resupply ships at sea with food, munitions, fuel and spare parts. One ship is now a commercial oil tanker in China. It is also known as Taicang-class.[1]

Development[edit]

The Fuqing-class were the 1st generation of replenishment oilers built by the PLA Navy for support of Yuanwang tracking of ICBM missile tests in the South Pacific Ocean. Dalian Shipyard produced 4 vessels and 2 of them joined the ICBM testing fleet in May 1980. The general designer and deputy general designer of ship are Mr. Zhang Wende (张文德)[2] and Mr. Huang Wei (黄蔚) respectively, both are the general engineer of the 701st Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC).[3][4]

There are a total of six transfer stations amid ship, with four liquid cargo transfer station followed by two dry cargo transfer stations.[5] The helicopter landing pad is located at the stern, but there is no hangar.[6] Originally designed for Harbin Z-5, the length of the landing pad was 22 meters, but subsequently extended by an additional 5 meter for larger Changhe Z-8.[6] Type 905 is capable of providing 10550 tons of fuel, 1000 tons of light diesel, 200 tons of fresh water, 200 tons of drinking water and 50 tons of frozen food.[5] Each liquid cargo station is equipped with a 60 meter long, 102 mm diameter nylon hose and is capable of providing fuel at a rate of 100 to 150 tons per hour.[6] Due to the lack of the capability to supply ammunition,[7] Type 905 has to work in conjunction with ammunition ships such as Yantai class to provide all the provisions needed by the combatants. Type 905 is designed to provide liquid and dry cargos for three destroyers.[8]

Active Ships of Class[edit]

 Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
881 Hongzehu (ex-Feng Cang) Dalian Shipyard, Dalian 1979 1980 Active
882 Poyanghu (ex-Taicang) Dalian Shipyard, Dalian 1981 1982 Active

Former[edit]

 Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
950 Hongcang Dalian Shipyard, Dalian 1980 1989 South Sea Decommissioned 1989 and sold to China Ocean Aviation Group as commercial oil tanker Hailang[9]
871 (47) PNS Nasr Dalian Shipyard, Dalian 1980 1987 1987 Sold 1985 or 1987 and now active with Pakistan Navy[10]

References[edit]