Type 920 hospital ship

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People's Liberation Army (Navy) ship PLA(N) Peace Ark (T-AH 866) steams in close formation during Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise 2014.jpg
Hospital ship 866 (Peace Ark)
Class overview
Name: Type 920 hospital ship
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Completed: 1
Active: 1
History
Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svgChina
Name:
  • Daishan Dao (navy)
  • (Chinese: 岱山岛)
  • Peace Ark (peace time)
  • (Chinese: 和平方舟)
Namesake: Daishan Island
Ordered: 1
Builder: CSIC (Guangzhou Shipyard International Company Limited)
Launched: 2007
Commissioned: December 22, 2008
Status: in active service
General characteristics
Displacement: approximately 14,000 tons
Length: 178 metres
Beam: approximately 25 metres
Propulsion: twin engines
Aircraft carried: Z-8JH (27 passengers or 15 stretchers)
Aviation facilities: hangar

The Type 920 Hospital Ship is a class of hospital ship in the People's Liberation Army Navy of the People's Republic of China. It consists of only one ship, 866 Daishan Dao. Daishan Dao is also known as Peace Ark during peace time. [1]

History[edit]

Launched in 2007, China is one of a few nations with naval floating hospitals. The Chinese rationale for the ship was to give China a platform to provide a better means to providing quicker humanitarian response to disasters around the world, but others contend it also allows China to extend the navy's blue water capabilities.[2] The single ship of the class has a pennant number 866. The ship is assigned to the East Sea Fleet and based out of Hubei. The ship has 500 beds, 35 ICUs, 12 operating theatres, and the capacity to accommodate 60 major surgeries a day – about as many as a large hospital in Beijing.[2][3] The ship is unarmed and painted white with red crosses to conform to the Geneva Convention criteria for a civilian hospital ship; firing upon it is potentially a war crime under international law.

Operations[edit]

On September 1, 2010, the hospital ship embarked on a three-month "Harmonious Mission 2010" to the Gulf of Aden with a total of 428 officers including 100 medical workers. En route it visited and provided medical treatment to the local people of Djibouti, Tanzania, Kenya, the Seychelles and Bangladesh.[1][4]

During "Harmonious Mission 2011", Peace Ark visited Cuba, Costa Rica, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, the first Chinese voyage to the Caribbean.[4]

In November 2013, the ship was deployed to Tacloban, Philippines to assist in the recovery from Typhoon Haiyan.[5]

Peace Ark also participated as part of the Chinese contribution to Exercise RIMPAC 2014 in addition to the United States hospital ship USNS Mercy.[6]

Similar vessels[edit]

  • Other PLAN hospital ships:
    • 832 Nanyun and 833 Nankang - two Nankang-class hospital ship are two 150-ton modified Qiongsha class attack transport ships built in the 1980s and similar size to small passenger ships; has a helipad at the stern; built in Guangzhou and remains in service in the South Sea Fleet[2]
    • Y832 (Bei Kang) and Y834 (Dong Kang) - stationed at North Sea Fleet and East Sea Fleet
    • 82 Shichang - 9 500 ton part-time hospital ship built in 1997 as multi-role aviation training ship and can be reclassified as hospital ship/defense mobilization ship with modular units added;[2] deck space can accommodate modular units for treatment centre and wards; supports two helipads
    • 865 Zhuanghe - (approximately 30,000 ton) converted container ship with 14 modular medical units, heli pad and control tower; likely based at Sanya, Hainan Island
    • Project 320 Ob' Class Hospital Ship - a retired Russian hospital ship (1980–1997) was purchased in 2007 with plans to restore it for PLAN service as hospital ship; built at Adolf Worski Shipyard in the 1980s
  • United States Navy 70,000 tons Mercy-class hospital ship:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/slides/2010-09/01/content_11241842.htm
  2. ^ a b c d http://china-defense.blogspot.com/2010/06/chinas-growing-maritime-hadr.html China Growing Maritime...
  3. ^ "本网专访:"和平方舟"号首要任务是满足战争海上救治_新华军事_新华网". Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Dooley, Howard J. (Spring–Summer 2012). "The Great Leap Outward: China's Maritime Renaissance". The Journal of East Asian Affairs. Institute for National Security Strategy. 26 (1): 71. JSTOR 23257908. (Subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ "Chinese hospital ship Peace Ark's on 'friendship' mission to Philippines". South China Morning Post. November 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ "RIMPAC Tour Provides Glimpse Aboard Chinese Ship". Military.com. July 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]