Type IV collagen C4 domain

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C4
PDB 1li1 EBI.jpg
the 1.9-a crystal structure of the noncollagenous (nc1) domain of human placenta collagen iv shows stabilization via a novel type of covalent met-lys cross-link
Identifiers
Symbol C4
Pfam PF01413
Pfam clan CL0056
InterPro IPR001442
SMART C4
PROSITE PDOC00031
MEROPS C47
SCOP 1hra
SUPERFAMILY 1hra
TCDB 2.A.16

In molecular biology, the type IV collagen C4 domain (or collagen IV NC1 domain) is a duplicated domain present at the C-terminus of type IV collagens. Each type IV collagen contains a long triple-helical collagenous domain flanked by a short 7S domain of 25 amino acids and a globular non-collagenous C4 domain of ~230 amino acids at the N and C terminus, respectively. In protomer assembly, the C4 domains of three chains interact, forming an C4 trimer, to select and register chains for triple helix formation. In network assembly, the C4 trimers of two protomers interact, forming a C4 hexamer structure, to select and connect protomers.[1][2][3]

The collagen IV C4 domain contains 12 cysteines, and all of them are involved in disulphide bonds. It folds into a tertiary structure with predominantly beta-strands. The collagen IV C4 domain is composed of two similarly folded subdomains stabilised by 3 intrachain dissulphide bonds involving the following pairs: C1-C6, C2-C5, and C3-C4. Each subdomain represents a compact disulphide-stabilised triangular structure, from which a finger-like hairpin loop projects into an incompletely formed six-stranded beta-sheet of an adjacent subdomain of the same or of an adjacent chain clamping the subdomains tightly together.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Than ME, Henrich S, Huber R, Ries A, Mann K, Kuhn K, Timpl R, Bourenkov GP, Bartunik HD, Bode W (May 2002). "The 1.9-A crystal structure of the noncollagenous (NC1) domain of human placenta collagen IV shows stabilization via a novel type of covalent Met-Lys cross-link". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (10): 6607–12. doi:10.1073/pnas.062183499. PMC 124450Freely accessible. PMID 12011424. 
  2. ^ a b Sundaramoorthy M, Meiyappan M, Todd P, Hudson BG (August 2002). "Crystal structure of NC1 domains. Structural basis for type IV collagen assembly in basement membranes". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (34): 31142–53. doi:10.1074/jbc.M201740200. PMID 11970952. 
  3. ^ a b Vanacore RM, Shanmugasundararaj S, Friedman DB, Bondar O, Hudson BG, Sundaramoorthy M (October 2004). "The alpha1.alpha2 network of collagen IV. Reinforced stabilization of the noncollagenous domain-1 by noncovalent forces and the absence of Met-Lys cross-links". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (43): 44723–30. doi:10.1074/jbc.M406344200. PMID 15299013. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR001442