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A typewriter desk is an antique desk form meant to hold a typewriter in an efficient position for the typist. This position is usually a few inches lower than the 29 inch (73.7 cm) height of the typical antique desktop.
The first generations of typewriters, in the last quarter of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th, spurred the invention and production of a variety of typewriter desks.
All of the early typewriter desks were extremely sturdy affairs since typewriters were not electric and could be operated only by constant pounding on the keys. The pounding could have gradually destroyed several traditional desks.
Originally, typewriters were very costly machines which one tried to protect from dust or accidents. They were also very ungainly or even ugly to those unfamiliar with them, and getting them out of sight was useful for aesthetic reasons. Therefore, early typewriter desks often had some method for hiding the typewriter or getting it out of the way within the desk, sometimes by swivelling it or turning it.
After World War I typewriters gradually became less costly and the typewriter desk was more or less standardised in two forms: One was a small mobile desk incorporating four wheels with brakes, the other was an "L" shaped desk with a "normal" height section for reading and handwriting and a lower section for the typewriter.
Today, typewriter desks still exist, and are in production but as computer desks. In order to achieve the highest typing results the height of table should be 75 cm, the width of desk (distance from eyes to computer screen 50–70 cm) not more than 80 cm.
See also the list of desk forms and types.