Typhlops meszoelyi

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Typhlops meszoelyi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Typhlopidae
Genus: Typhlops
Species: T. meszoelyi
Binomial name
Typhlops meszoelyi
Wallach, 1999
Synonyms[2]
  • Typhlops meszoelyi
    Wallach, 1999
  • Indotyphlops meszoelyi
    Hedges et al., 2014

Typhlops meszoelyi, commonly known as the Darjeeling worm snake or Meszoely’s blind snake, is a blind snake species found in Darjeeling, West Bengal Province, India.

Description and taxonomy[edit]

The species was named after Charles A.M. Meszoely of the Center for Vertebrate Studies at Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts.[3][4] A holotype specimen for the species measured 17.9 centimetres (7.0 in) in total, and had a diameter of 3 millimetres (0.12 in) in the middle of its body.[3] It can be distinguished from other species in the same genus found in that region by the presence of a " deep concavity along the posterior border of the nasal shield".[3] The snake was brown on its back and lighter brown on its belly, with the two colors merging into each other.[3]

Habitat and ecology[edit]

T. meszoelyi is oviparous, or egg-laying.[2] The type specimens for the species were collected in a region of rugged hills, in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is thought to inhabit temperate broadleaf forests. The area in which the specimen was collected was historically montane forest, but today has been mostly turned into fruit orchards and paddy fields.[1]

Distribution and conservation[edit]

The type specimens of Typhlops meszoelyi were collected in Darjeeling district of the Indian state of West Bengal, at an altitude of 2,285 metres (7,497 ft) above sea level. No other information about its distribution is currently available.[1] The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classified Typhlops meszoelyi as Data Deficient in 2010, based on the fact that the species was only known from the location in which the type specimens were collected.[1] However, it stated that habitat loss and degradation were known to occur within the range of the species, although the impact of these on the snake was unknown. The area in which the specimen was found is used to graze livestock, which may constitute a threat to the species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Wallach, V. (2009). "Typhlops meszoelyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T178191A7494240.en. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Indotyphlops meszoelyi (WALLACH, 1999)". The Reptile database. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wallach, Van (1999). "Typhlops meszoelyi, A New Species of Blind Snake from Northeastern India (Serpentes: Typhlopidae)". Herpetologica. 55 (2): 185–191. JSTOR 3893078. 
  4. ^ Beolens, B.; Watkins, M; Grayson, M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hedges, Stephen Blair; Marion, Angela B.; Lipp, Kelly M.; Marin, Julie; Vidal, Nicolas (2014). "A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata)". Caribbean Herpetology. 49: 1–61.