Typhoon Hagupit (2008)

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Typhoon Hagupit (Nina)
Typhoon (JMA scale)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Hagupit 2008-09-23 1435Z.jpg
Typhoon Hagupit near peak intensity and approaching Guangdong on September 23
FormedSeptember 18, 2008
DissipatedSeptember 25, 2008
Highest winds10-minute sustained: 165 km/h (105 mph)
1-minute sustained: 230 km/h (145 mph)
Lowest pressure935 hPa (mbar); 27.61 inHg
Fatalities102 total
Damage$1 billion (2008 USD)
Areas affectedPhilippines, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, Vietnam
Part of the 2008 Pacific typhoon season

Typhoon Hagupit, (Tagalog: [hɐˈgupit], ha-GHUU-pit) known in the Philippines as Typhoon Nina, was a powerful cyclone that caused widespread destruction along its path in September 2008. The 21st depression, 14 tropical storm and 10th typhoon of the 2008 Pacific typhoon season, Hagupit developed from a tropical wave located a couple hundred miles east of the Marshall Islands on September 14th. Moving generally north-west westwards towards the Philippines, the depression gradually intensified into a tropical storm the following day, and then into became a typhoon on September 22 off the northern coast of Luzon. Located within an environment conducive for strengthening, Hagupit rapidly strengthened to attain 10-min sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph; 90 kt) and 1-min sustained winds of 230 km/h (145 mph; 125 kt). After making landfall in Guangdong province in China at peak intensity on September 23, Hagupit rapidly weakened over rugged terrain and dissipated on the 25th.

Hagupit was responsible for 16 deaths, with 7 others missing, and 352.5 million pesos (US$7.49 million) in damage across the Philippines. A total of 128,507 people were affected across 13 provinces.[1] In Hong Kong, 61 flights at Hong Kong International Airport were cancelled, 87 were delayed,[2] and more were delayed because of the typhoon.[3] Schools and courts in the territory were also closed.[3] Tai O experienced heavy flooding, while the foundations of several houses in Cheung Chau were severely damaged. In Taiwan, at least 1 person was killed and many thousands of people stranded due to Hagupit. Furthermore, several buildings, including a prominent hotel were damaged by the storm.[4] In Guangdong province, 10 were killed,[5] and 2 remain missing after the storm,[5] mostly in Guangdong province. At least 18,500 houses were destroyed and total economic losses reached ¥6.3 billion (US$923.7 million).[6] A total of 17 people were killed, with two others listed as missing.[7] Overall, the storm was responsible for 102 deaths and $1 billion in damage across several countries.

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

On September 14, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) began to track a tropical disturbance to the northeast of Guam.[8][9] Over the next three days it gradually developed while moving southwestwards towards the Philippines.[8] The JMA designated the disturbance as a tropical depression on September 17; later that day, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the depression.[10][11] On the next day the JTWC designated the system as Tropical Depression 18W.[12] At this point, the depression turned to the northwest and continued to gradually intensify. Early on September 19, the JMA began to issue full advisories on the depression; that same day, the depression moved into PAGASA's area of responsibility and was assigned the local name Nina.[13][14] Later that day both the JMA & the JTWC upgraded the depression to a tropical storm, with the JMA assigning the international name of Hagupit and the international number of 0814.[15][16]

Throughout the next day, Hagupit continued to organize; as a result, the JMA reported that Hagupit had intensified into a severe tropical storm. Simultaneously, the PAGASA reported that Hagupit had intensified into a typhoon; however, both the JMA and the JTWC did not upgrade Hagupit to a typhoon until early the next afternoon. Rapid intensification ensued as the storm tuned west and paralleled the northern coast of Luzon, and on September 22, the JTWC upgraded the storm a Category 2 typhoon. Continuing to intensify while moving through the Luzon Strait, Hagupit was upgraded later that day by the JTWC to Category 3-equivalent strength. Early the next day PAGASA issued its final advisory on Hagupit after it moved out of PAR into the South China Sea. Later that day the JTWC upgraded Hagupit to a Category 4 typhoon as Hagupit approached southern China. The same day, Hagupit struck Guangdong Province in southeastern China at peak intensity with estimated 10-minute winds of 165 km/h (105 mph) and 1-minute winds of 230 km/h (145 mph), becoming the first known typhoon to hit Guangdong province as a category 4-equivalent typhoon. Shortly after Hagupit's landfall, the JTWC issued its final warning on the typhoon. Continuing to move inland, Hagupit rapidly weakened, dropping below typhoon strength within 12 hours of landfall. After the storm weakened below tropical storm strength on September 25, the JMA stopped issuing advisories on Hagupit; the remnant low of the storm dissipated over northern Vietnam a few hours later.[17][18]

Preparations[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Typhoon Hagupit intensifying off the Luzon coast on September 22

On September 20, the PAGASA issued Public Storm Signal No.1 for the Catanduanes in Luzon.[19] Later that day PAGASA hoisted Signal No.2 for the Catanduanes and hoisted added Signal No.1 over other provinces of the Philippines.[20][21] On September 21 as Hagupit moved towards the north-east PAGASA revised their warnings by lowering the signals for Samar.[22] Later that day PAGASA placed further provinces under storm signal No. 2 and issued Storm Signal No. 3 over various provinces in Luzon including the Calayan Group of Islands, Cagayan & Babuyan.[23] Late the next day the Signal No. 3's were downgraded to Signal No. 2 as Hagupit moved away from the Philippines.[24] PAGASA then removed Signal No 2 within their next advisory, PAGASA then issued their final advisory as Hagupit moved out of PAGASA's Area of Responsibility.[25][26]

Taiwan[edit]

On September 21, Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau issued a Sea warning for ships sailing in the seas to the south and southeast of the country.[27] Early the next day the CWB issued land warnings for southern Taiwan as Hagupit moved past the nation.[27] Also, the President cancelled a naval marine landing drill due to Hagupit.[28]

China[edit]

On September 22, Chinese officials in Fujian Province requested the return of all fishing vessels in the Taiwan Strait.[29] In Shenzhen airport, 33 domestic flights were cancelled due to the approach of Hagupit. Officials in Yangjiang City evacuated 17,324 people from dangerous areas and checked over all the dams and reservoirs.[30] More than 100,000 people were evacuated to safer locations from coastal regions in southern China by September 23.[31]

Hong Kong[edit]

On 22 September 2008, the Hong Kong Observatory (HKO) issued the Standby Signal 1 for Hong Kong.[32] The HKO kept this signal in force for 18 hours before issuing the Strong Wind Signal No.3 the next day.[32] Later on 23 September 2008, as Hagupit moved closer to Southern China, the HKO announced at 1600 (HKT) that the Gale or Storm Signal 8 will be issued by 1800 (HKT).[32] The HKO then issued the Gale or Storm Signal 8 Northeast at 1800 (HKT).[32] It was replaced by the Gale or Storm Signal 8 Southeast soon after midnight that evening due to change in wind direction. Six hours later at 0630 (HKT), the HKO lowered the warning to the Strong Wind Signal 3. Because of the heavy rain brought by Hagupit,[32] the HKO issued the Amber rainstorm warning at 1100 (HKT).[32][33] All Hong Kong tropical cyclone warning signals was cancelled at around 1300 (HKT)[32] Later that day, the HKO removed the Amber rainstorm warning at 1620 (HKT).[33]

Impact[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Impact by country
Island Fatalities Damage
China 19 $924 million
Philippines 23 $7.49 million
Taiwan 1 N/A
Thailand 18 N/A
Vietnam 41 $72.5 million
Total 102 $1 billion
Sources cited in text.

Typhoon Hagupit was responsible for 16 deaths, with 7 others missing, and 352.5 million pesos (US$7.49 million) in damage. A total of 128,507 people were affected across 13 provinces.[1] Thirteen miners were trapped in a flooded tunnel.[34] 4 of the deaths were caused by drowning, 3 by landslides, and the last by electrocution. 5,000 people were also displaced because of the storm.[34] During the storm, ferries and fishing craft in Luzon were recalled to port.[35] All in all, about 10,000 in 47 villages were affected by the storm.[36] The estimated total cost of damages caused by Hagupit in the Philippines is currently put at 29.5 Million Php.[37]

Hong Kong[edit]

In Hong Kong, 61 flights at Hong Kong International Airport were cancelled, 87 were delayed,[2] and more were delayed because of the typhoon.[3] Schools and courts in the territory were also closed.[3] Tai O experienced heavy flooding, while the foundations of several houses in Cheung Chau were severely damaged. Sewers overflowed with seawater in various parts of the territory. 58 were injured during the storm. Several buildings suffered particularly heavy damage due to the storm's arrival at high tide.[2]

Taiwan/ROC[edit]

In Taiwan, at least 1 person was killed and many thousands of people stranded as a result of the depredations of Typhoon Hagupit. Furthermore, several buildings, including a prominent hotel were damaged by the storm.[38]

People's Republic of China[edit]

Typhoon Hagupit made landfall near Maoming in Guangdong Province of the People's Republic of China at 6:45 a.m. local time on September 24.[39] 10 were killed,[5] and 2 remain missing after the storm,[5] mostly in Guangdong province. At least 18,500 houses were destroyed and total economic losses reached ¥6.3 billion (US$923.7 million).[40] More than 28 thousand people were evacuated because of the storm,[41] 17,324 people from Yangjiang, and about 11,000 from Xuwen County.[2] Trees and billboards near Maoming sustained damage, and 51,000 ships carrying 200,000 crew were recalled back to port.[2] Schools were also closed in Zhanjiang.[2] A total of 17 people were killed, with two others listed as missing.[42]

Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam began stockpiling food and medicine in preparation for the typhoon.[41] 550 tourist and fishing boats were recalled back to port in Hạ Long Bay, and rescue equipment was positioned in nine northern provinces.[43] The government said that "...there will be very heavy torrential rains, significantly raising the risk of flash floods and land slides in the nine mountainous provinces in the eye of the storm."[44] As of September 29, 2008, the flooding left behind by the typhoon left 41 people dead, and at least 60 injured.[45] Damages exceeded 1 trillion (US$72.49 million).[45] 1,300 houses were completely destroyed with about 10,000 more damaged.[46] Though the storm did not directly hit Vietnam,[47] heavy rains caused heavy flooding, especially in the provinces of Sơn La, Lạng Sơn, Bắc Giang and Quảng Ninh.[46] Hoang Thi Luu, a farmer from Tuan Dao, said, "The waters came really quick, coming down the mountains and from the rising rivers and streams. ... No one had enough time to save their property; they just ran for their lives."[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f "Typhoon Hagupit hits southern China". USA Today. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  3. ^ a b c d "Typhoon Hagupit approaches Hong Kong". AP. 2008-09-23. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  4. ^ "China: Taiwan braces for strong Typhoon Hagupit". DPA. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
  5. ^ a b c d "Typhoon Hagupit kills 10 in south China". Xinhua. 2008-09-25. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
  6. ^ "Typhoon Hagupit kills 10 in south China". Xinhua. China Daily. September 25, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
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  8. ^ a b "JTWC Best Track 18W". NRL. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
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  13. ^ "JMA Advisory 19-09-2008 00z". JMA. Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
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  17. ^ "Japan Meteorological Agency | RSMC Tokyo - Typhoon Center | RSMC Best Track Data (Text)". www.jma.go.jp. Retrieved 2020-01-29.
  18. ^ "The Joint Typhoon Warning Center".
  19. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 20-09-08 03z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  20. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 20-09-08 15z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  21. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 20-09-08 15z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  22. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 21-09-08 03z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  23. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 21-09-08 21z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
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  25. ^ "PAGASA Advisory 23-09-08 03z". PAGASA. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
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  27. ^ a b "CWB issues sea warning for Typhoon Hagupit". Taiwan News. 2008-09-21. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  28. ^ http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/LSGZ-7JQQWP?OpenDocument
  29. ^ Mo Hong'e (September 23, 2008). "S China recalls fishing vessels as typhoon Hagupit nears". Xinhua News. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  30. ^ Yao (September 23, 2008). "South China braces for typhoon Hagupit". Xinhua News. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  31. ^ Reuters (September 24, 2008). "Typhoon hits China coast, 100k evacuated". ExpressIndia. Archived from the original on 2009-05-21. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g "HKO Signals Database HAGUPIT". HKO. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
  33. ^ a b "HKO Rainstorm Signals Database HAGUPIT". HKO. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  34. ^ a b "Hope fades for trapped miners, death toll rises in Philippines typhoon". AFP. 2008-09-24. Archived from the original on 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
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  36. ^ "'Nina' toll: 8 dead, 19 injured, 15 missing". GMA News. 2008-09-23. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
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  40. ^ "Typhoon Hagupit kills 10 in south China". Xinhua. China Daily. September 25, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  41. ^ a b "Vietnam braces for Typhoon Hagupit". AP. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2008-09-24.[dead link]
  42. ^ "Typhoon Hagupit leaves 17 dead, two missing in S Chinese city". Xinhua. Guangzhou, China: China View. September 26, 2008. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
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  45. ^ a b Typhoon Hagupit floods kill 41 in Vietnam, Agence France-Presse via news.com.au, September 29, 2008 02:12pm
  46. ^ a b "Floods Caused By Typhoon Hagupit Claim 41 Lives In Vietnam". RTT News. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
  47. ^ a b "VIETNAM: Typhoon Hagupit unleashes floods, killing 41". IRIN. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-30.

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