Typhoon Haitang (2005)

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Typhoon Haitang (Feria)
Violent typhoon (JMA scale)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Haitang 2005-07-16 1330Z.jpg
Typhoon Haitang on July 16
FormedJuly 11, 2005
DissipatedJuly 20, 2005
Highest winds10-minute sustained: 195 km/h (120 mph)
1-minute sustained: 260 km/h (160 mph)
Lowest pressure920 hPa (mbar); 27.17 inHg
Fatalities13 total
Damage$1.17 billion (2005 USD)
Areas affectedRyūkyū Islands, Taiwan and China
Part of the 2005 Pacific typhoon season

Typhoon Haitang, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Feria, was the first super typhoon of the 2005 season in the northwestern Pacific. It had winds up to 260 km/h (160 mph) at peak intensity, and caused over 18 serious injuries and 13 confirmed deaths in Taiwan and People's Republic of China. Damage totaled about $1.17 billion (2005 USD), most of which occurred in mainland China.

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the storm's track and intensity, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale
Map key
  Tropical depression (≤38 mph, ≤62 km/h)
  Tropical storm (39–73 mph, 63–118 km/h)
  Category 1 (74–95 mph, 119–153 km/h)
  Category 2 (96–110 mph, 154–177 km/h)
  Category 3 (111–129 mph, 178–208 km/h)
  Category 4 (130–156 mph, 209–251 km/h)
  Category 5 (≥157 mph, ≥252 km/h)
  Unknown
Storm type
▲ Extratropical cyclone / Remnant low / Tropical disturbance / Monsoon depression

The system formed on the evening of July 11 as a poorly organized depression about 280 km (110 nm) west of Marcus Island, Japan at 1200 UTC (2100 JST). By 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 13), it had reached a high, destructive tropical storm strength and was named Haitang, a Chinese name for flowering crabapple. It grew to typhoon strength at 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 14) the following day. As it moved westward it continued to gain in strength, reaching category three status as it entered the Philippine area of responsibility. Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) named the storm Feria for Philippine warnings on July 15. By July 16, the storm continued tracking west and became a threat to Taiwan and Japan's Sakishima Islands. Haitang strengthened into a Category 5 super typhoon. Unrelated to Haitang, Hurricane Emily intensified into a Category 5 hurricane around the same time Haitang was at Category 5 super typhoon intensity, marking the first time since 1997 when two tropical cyclones of Category 5 strength existed simultaneously in the Northern Hemisphere. On July 17 it weakened to a Category 3 as it continued west, sparing Sakishima a direct hit but aiming directly for Taiwan. Haitang made landfall near Hualien, Taiwan at 0000 UTC (0800 NST) on the morning of July 18. Taking a full day to cross the island and it caused flash floods and landslides as it passed over the interior mountains. Weakening to a tropical storm as it entered the South China Sea, it reorganized into a minimal typhoon as it approached the southeast China coast. Haitang made landfall for the second time near Wenzhou China on July 19 at 1200 UTC (2000 CST). Moving inland, it rapidly lost its strength and dissipated. PAGASA stopped issuing advisories for the storm near Jiangxi on July 20.[citation needed]

Impact[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, 2 women were found dead east of Taipei, a man was killed by falling rocks, and a fourth victim was swept away by water while fishing. Businesses and schools across Taiwan were ordered closed on July 18 due to the typhoon. More than 1,500 people had been evacuated, mostly from northern Taiwan, and signs of devastation could be seen such as uprooted trees, high waves and loss of electric power.[citation needed]

Mainland China[edit]

An estimated 15 million people were affected by the typhoon.[1] A total of 2,151 homes were destroyed, 262.9 km (163.4 mi) of roads were washed out and several thousand power lines were downed by the storm[2] Damage to infrastructure amounted to ¥8 billion (US$1.17 billion).[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 新华网 (July 20, 2005). 温州受台风海棠重创受灾人口达441万 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  2. ^ 河南报业网 (July 25, 2005). 台风海棠造成郑州损失3.49亿约15万人受灾 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  3. ^ 都市快报 (July 22, 2005). 台风海棠造成浙江经济损失上升至72.2亿元 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  4. ^ 第一财经日报 (July 21, 2005). 台风海棠造成福建浙江直接经济损失达80多亿 (in Chinese). 枣庄廉政信息网版权所有. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2009.

External links[edit]