Typhoon Haitang (2005)

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Typhoon Haitang (Feria)
Typhoon (JMA scale)
Category 5 (Saffir–Simpson scale)
Typhoon Haitang 17 jul 2005 0440Z.jpg
Typhoon Haitang off Taiwan on July 17
Formed July 11, 2005
Dissipated July 20, 2005
Highest winds 10-minute sustained: 195 km/h (120 mph)
1-minute sustained: 260 km/h (160 mph)
Lowest pressure 920 hPa (mbar); 27.17 inHg
Fatalities 13 confirmed
Damage $1.1 billion (2005 USD)
Areas affected Ryūkyū Islands, Taiwan and China
Part of the 2005 Pacific typhoon season

Typhoon Haitang, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Feria, was the first super typhoon of the 2005 season in the northwestern Pacific. It had winds up to 255 km/h (160 mph) at peak intensity, and caused over 18 serious injuries and 13 confirmed deaths in Taiwan and People's Republic of China. Damage totaled about $1.1 billion (2005 USD), most of which occurred in mainland China.

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

It formed on the evening of July 11 as a poorly organized depression about 280 km (110 nm) west of Marcus Island, Japan at 1200 UTC (2100 JST). By 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 13), it had reached a high, destructive tropical storm strength and was named Haitang, a Chinese name for flowering crabapple. It grew to typhoon strength at 1800 UTC (0300 JST July 14) the following day. As it moved westward it continued to gain in strength, reaching category three status as it entered the Philippine area of responsibility. Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) named the storm Feria for Philippine warnings on July 15. By July 16, the storm continued tracking west and became a threat to Taiwan and Japan's Sakishima Islands. Haitang strengthened into a Category 5 super typhoon. On July 17 it weakened to a Category 3 as it continued west, sparing Sakishima a direct hit but aiming directly for Taiwan. Typhoon Haitang made landfall near Hualien, Taiwan at 0000 UTC (0800 NST) on the morning of July 18. Taking a full day to cross the island and it caused flash floods and landslides as it passed over the interior mountains. Weakening to a tropical storm as it entered the South China Sea, it reorganized into a minimal typhoon as it approached the southeast China coast. Haitang made landfall for the second time near Wenzhou China on July 19 at 1200 UTC (2000 CST). Moving inland, it rapidly lost its strength and dissipated. PAGASA stopped issuing advisories for the storm near Jiangxi on July 20.[citation needed]

Impact[edit]

Mainland China[edit]

An estimated 15 million people were affected by the typhoon.[1] A total of 2,151 homes were destroyed, 262.9 km (163.4 mi) of roads were washed out and several thousand power lines were downed by the storm[2] Damage to infrastructure amounted to ¥8 billion (US$1.17 billion).[3][4]

In addition, statistics show that the province of Fujian 06,300 houses collapsed, 17,700 damaged; crops affected area of 107,160 hectares, 37,240 hectares disaster area, total destruction of an area of 13,170 hectares, a reduction in 49,000 tons of food, aquatic products loss of breeding area of 08,360 hectares, 64,400 tons; 1028 production of industrial and mining enterprises, roads interrupted 50 times, the destruction of 187.02 kilometers roadbed; damage to the transmission, communications line 359.75 kilometers; 305 damaged embankments, 44.85 kilometers, levee breach 19 Department, 1.4 km, damaged embankment, irrigation facilities in 1348, damaged locks, hydrological stations, electrical and mechanical pumping station, Station 238, 110 destroyed.[4]

Flood Control and Drought Prevention Headquarters from Zhejiang Province, show that, as of 16:00 yesterday afternoon, Zhejiang province tolls in direct economic losses amounting to 5.46 billion yuan. Direct loss of water conservancy facilities in which 582 million yuan, transportation and communications facilities direct loss power 1.81 billion yuan, agricultural 1.92 billion yuan in direct economic losses. Economic losses mainly concentrated in the Wenzhou region, accounting for the loss of local loss of more than 70% of the total.[4]

Flood Control and Drought Relief headquarters in Zhejiang Province, deputy director of the Office of Yao-wei on that by the typhoon, southern Zhejiang and other places persistent heavy rainfall, Wenzhou Yongjia, Yueqing water and other cities and towns, townships, etc. Cangnan Town flooded water, water, the deepest water of Town more than 4 meters deep.[4]

Yao Wei said on, according to Flood Control and Drought Prevention Headquarters of Zhejiang cities reported preliminary summary statistics of the disaster, a total of four City Zhejiang 26 counties (cities), 465 villages and towns affected 6.092 million people, the collapse of housing 5710.Crops affected 183,220 hectares of farmland, destroyed an area of 45,400 hectares, 62,769 industrial and mining production, interrupted Highway 447, 598.2 kilometers roadbed damage, 522.7 kilometers of transmission line damage, damage to communication lines 408.7 kilometers, or damage to beware of 1112, 203.0 kilometers, levee breach 653, 46.6 kilometers, 60 small hydropower stations. At present, there are more than 700 people trapped inside, casualties need to enter a verification.[4]

Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan, 2 women were found dead east of Taipei, a man was killed by falling rocks, and a fourth victim was swept away by water while fishing. Businesses and schools across Taiwan were ordered closed on July 18 due to the typhoon. More than 1,500 people had been evacuated, mostly from northern Taiwan, and signs of devastation could be seen such as uprooted trees, high waves and loss of electric power.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 新华网 (July 20, 2005). 温州受台风海棠重创受灾人口达441万 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  2. ^ 河南报业网 (July 25, 2005). 台风海棠造成郑州损失3.49亿约15万人受灾 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  3. ^ 都市快报 (July 22, 2005). 台风海棠造成浙江经济损失上升至72.2亿元 (in Chinese). 新浪网. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e 第一财经日报 (July 21, 2005). 台风海棠造成福建浙江直接经济损失达80多亿 (in Chinese). 枣庄廉政信息网版权所有. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 

External links[edit]