1945 Pacific typhoon season

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1945 Pacific typhoon season
1945 Pacific typhoon season summary.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed April 19, 1945
Last system dissipated December 2, 1945
Strongest storm
Name Jean
 • Maximum winds 165 km/h (105 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 963 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total storms 26
Typhoons 13
Super typhoons 0
Total fatalities 3,798+
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947

The 1945 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1945, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1945 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Storms[edit]

Tropical Storm Ann[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ann 1945 track.png 
Duration April 19 – April 26
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Betty[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Betty 1945 track.png 
Duration May 13 – May 16
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  994 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Connie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Connie analysis 3 Jun 1945.png Connie 1945 track.png
Duration June 1 – June 7
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

A small, yet powerful typhoon, Connie, was first spotted on June 1 by the Weather Central Guam, moving northeast. Winds were reported to have been as high as 140 mph. But by June 7, it began to weaken. Its final fate is unknown. The U.S. Navy's Third Fleet was hit by Connie. The same fleet had previously been hit, with great loss of life, by Typhoon Cobra, in 1944. Connie being lesser, only one officer and five USN men were lost or killed because of Connie, and around 150 airplanes on its carriers were either lost or damaged.

Tropical Storm Doris[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Doris analysis 19 Jun 1945.png Doris 1945 track.png
Duration June 18 – June 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Nancy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Nancy analysis 7 Jul 1945.png Nancy 1945 track.png
Duration July 3 – July 8
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Opal[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Opal analysis 20 Jul 1945.png Opal 1945 track.png
Duration July 14 – July 22
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  986 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Peggy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Peggy analysis 23 Jul 1945.png Peggy 1945 track.png
Duration July 22 – July 23
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Edna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Edna 1945 track.png 
Duration July 27 – July 29
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Eva[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Eva 1945 track.png 
Duration July 30 – August 4
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Queenie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Queenie 1945 track.png 
Duration August 5 – August 9
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Frances[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Frances 1945 track.png 
Duration August 9 – August 13
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Grace[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Grace 1945 track.png 
Duration August 15 – August 22
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Ruth[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ruth 1945 track.png 
Duration August 22 – August 28
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  978 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Susan[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Susan 1945 track.png 
Duration August 23 – August 28
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  968 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Tess[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Tess 1945 track.png 
Duration August 23 – August 25
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Helen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Helen 1945 track.png 
Duration August 29 – September 4
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Helen formed on August 29. It moved west-northwest and strengthened into a category 3 typhoon with 120 mph winds. It weakened slightly to a category two and struck Taiwan. It briefly was over waters before it hit China as a tropical storm. It dissipated on September 4.

Typhoon Ursula[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ursula 1945 track.png 
Duration September 7 – September 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  968 hPa (mbar)

This typhoon is especially remembered for the 6 aircraft containing liberated prisoners of war brought down by the typhoon between Okinawa and Manila. Over 120 servicemen lost their lives. It is the single greatest loss of life in an aviation disaster during peacetime.[citation needed]

Typhoon Ida[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ida 1945 track.png 
Duration September 10 – September 20
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  969 hPa (mbar)

In Japan, Typhoon Ida is called Makurazaki Typhoon. The sea-level pressure was observed 916.1 hPa (27.05 inHg) in Makurazaki,[1] more than 2,000 people were killed in Hiroshima Prefecture.[2]

Tropical Storm Verna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Verna 1945 track.png 
Duration September 20 – September 22
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Wanda[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Wanda 1945 track.png 
Duration September 21 – September 24
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Jean[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Jean 1945 track.png 
Duration September 25 – October 2
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  963 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Kate[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kate 1945 track.png 
Duration September 28 – October 6
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Louise[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
USS Nestor Wreck.jpg Louise 1945 track.png
Duration October 2 – October 12
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  969 hPa (mbar)

Louise was first seen developing on October 2, 1945, in the Caroline Islands. It unexpectedly veered north and slowed down, only to intensify as it passed over Okinawa on October 9 with 90 mph wind gusts and a minimum central pressure of 968.5 mbar. Shortly after, Louise began to weaken, and hit Japan as a strong tropical storm. The tropical cyclone became extratropical shortly after on October 12. In Okinawa, 36 people died, 47 people were reported missing, and 100 people were seriously injured. In Buckner Bay, the US military were occupying a temporary base. 30 ft (9.1 m)–35 ft (11 m) waves were reported to have crashed ashore, tearing into their Quonset huts and other building. The Bay was being used as port for the US military. Fifteen merchant cargo ships were grounded, with a few unrecoverable. 3 US Navy Destroyers were grounded beyond salvage, and over 200 various other US military boats, including 6 tank and truck amphibious landing craft, a number of special purpose boats, patrol boats, and amphibious landing craft were grounded or severely damaged, and beyond. Eighty percent of the buildings in the bay were completely wiped out while all 60 airplanes at the local airports were damaged.[3]

Tropical Storm Marge[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Marge 1945 track.png 
Duration November 1 – November 4
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Yvonne[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Yvonne 1945 track.png 
Duration November 14 – November 17
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Nora[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Nora 1945 track.png 
Duration November 22 – December 2
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  971 hPa (mbar)

Storm names[edit]

  • Ann
  • Betty
  • Connie
  • Doris
  • Nancy
  • Opal
  • Peggy
  • Edna
  • Eva
  • Queenie
  • Frances
  • Grace
  • Ruth
  • Susan
  • Tess
  • Helen
  • Ursula
  • Ida
  • Verna
  • Wanda
  • Jean
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Yvonne
  • Nora

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]