Typhus (disambiguation)

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In modern medical English, the term typhus refers to a group of rickettsioses only. Some other groups of infectious diseases also have similar names:

These three diseases were considered as one until first half of 19th century (typhoid fever was separated from typhus in 1829, and relapsing fever was differentiated in 1843).[1]

In a number of other languages (especially Slavic, such as Russian, Bulgarian, or Ukrainian), these three groups of different infectious diseases share the same basic name ("тиф" for the Cyrillic languages). In German, the term Typhus refers to typhoid fever, whereas rickettsioses are referred to as Fleckfieber.