Typographical Association

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Typographical Association
Founded 1848
Predecessor National Typographical Association
Date dissolved 1964
Merged into National Graphical Association
Members 38,277 (1939)[1]
Journal Typographical Circular
Affiliation TUC, P&KTF, IGF, Labour
Office location Beechwood, Oak Drive, Fallowfield, Manchester
Country United Kingdom and Ireland

The Typographical Association (TA) was a trade union representing typographers in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

History[edit]

The National Typographical Association collapsed in 1848, and delegates from across Yorkshire and Lancashire met at Angel Street in Sheffield to found the Provincial Typographical Association, intended to recreate the former Northern Typographical Union and to focus on paying benefits to members on strike. The union grew gradually from 481 members at the end of 1849 to 5,300 in 1877. In that year, it merged with a related relief association and dropped "Provincial" from its title.

Based in Manchester, the union focussed on demanding members serve a seven-year apprenticeship. In 1894, it began admitting women. In the 1910s, the Association established a branch in London, but the Trades Union Congress instituted arbitration which restricted it from a fifteen-mile radius of central London, the rival London Society of Compositors having rights to organise in the city.

By 1946, membership had reached 13,958.[2] In 1964, the Association merged with the London Typographical Society to create the National Graphical Association.

General Secretaries[edit]

1849: Josephus Speak
1865: Henry Roberts
1869: Henry Slatter
1897: Richard Hackett
1900: A. W. Jones
1900: Herbert Skinner
1934: John Fletcher
1942: Harry Riding
1955: F. C. Blackburn
1957: John Bonfield

General Presidents[edit]

1852: William Dronfield
1855:
1886: Owen Connellan
1889:
1891: Richard Hackett
1892:
1893: Richard Hackett
1897:
1899: O. Waddington
1902: H. Matthewman
1908: John H. Boothman
1913: Jimmy French
1934: Hugh Inglis
1949: F. C. Blackburn
1955: John Bonfield
1957: Fred Simmons

References[edit]

  • Arthur Marsh, Victoria Ryan and John B. Smethurst, Historical Directory of Trade Unions
  • Albert Edward Musson, The Typographical Association: Origins and History Up to 1949
Specific
  1. ^ Musson, A. E. (1954). The Typographical Association. London: Oxford University Press. p. 351. 
  2. ^ Labour Party, Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, p.78

External links[edit]