Tyresö Municipality

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Tyresö Municipality

Tyresö kommun
Coat of arms of Tyresö Municipality
Coat of arms
Tyresö Municipality in Stockholm County.png
CountrySweden
CountyStockholm County
SeatBollmora
Area
 • Total100.53 km2 (38.81 sq mi)
 • Land69.25 km2 (26.74 sq mi)
 • Water31.28 km2 (12.08 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
(31 December 2017)[2]
 • Total47,304
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceSödermanland
Municipal code0138
Websitewww.tyreso.se
Density is calculated using land area only.
The Tyresö Centrum enclosed shopping centre in Bollmora

Tyresö Municipality (Tyresö kommun) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden on the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Most of Tyresö Municipality lies within the Stockholm urban area.

History[edit]

The first humans arrived in what today is Tyresö Municipality somewhere around the 30th century BC. It would not be until about the 7th century that permanent settlements would start appearing though. There are some graves and other remnants left from this prehistoric time.

The Tyresö estate has its origins in the 14th century. During the 17th century the estate was at its largest, covering nearly the entire current area of the municipality. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church were built during this century.

Tyresö was an important industrial centre in the Stockholm region between the 16th and 19th centuries, thanks to the watermills that could be built on the streams between the lakes. The waterwheels in the municipal arms represent the three hydropower facilities at Nyfors, Uddby and Follbrinksströmmen. The industries included rolling mills, gristmills, forges, paper mills, sawmills, and a brickworks. None of the watermills are left today. The Uddby mill burned down in 1895, and a hydroelectric power plant was built in its place, which still stands today and is the only such plant in the Stockholm area.

During the early 20th century, the large land area of the Tyresö estate began to be divided into lots, and summer cottages began to be built. Some quite luxurious ones were built in the Brevik area. The rate of construction increased rapidly in the early decades of the century. From the 1950s onwards, the summer cottages began to be converted into year-round dwellings at a rapid pace.

From the 1950s onwards, Bollmora experienced a huge expansion rate, especially after the legislation Lex Bollmora in 1959 which allowed municipal real estate companies to operate in other municipalities than their own. A municipal centre formed in Bollmora, Bollmora Centrum, which was inaugurated in 1965.[3] The Million Programme put its distinctive print on Tyresö as well, especially Bollmora: many of the apartment building areas come from that programme.

During the expansive phase from the 1950s onwards, the population of Tyresö has grown from about 5,000 to just over 44,000 at present.[4]

The Bollmora Centrum was rebuilt in the early 1990s to be an enclosed shopping centre, and renamed Tyresö Centrum.[3]

In August 1999 a large wildfire destroyed about 10% of the Tyresta National Park.[5]

Subdivisions[edit]

There are no administrative subdivisions of Tyresö Municipality, but there are some other formal and less formal subdivisions.

Districts[edit]

There are three main districts in Tyresö. This is a kind of everyday reference subdivision to refer to the different main parts of the municipality.

  • Bollmora in the northwest — consisting of apartment buildings of about 2-8 stories high, terraced houses and detached houses and some industrial areas. The municipal centre, Tyresö centre, is located here.
  • Trollbäcken in west — consisting mostly of detached houses.
  • Gamla Tyresö ("Old Tyresö") in the east and south. The eastern area consists of detached, semi–detached, and terraced houses, and summer cottages, a large part of which are being converted to year-round use. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church from the 17th century are located here. In the south there is a large forest, containing about half of the Tyresta National Park on the Tyresö side.

Urban areas[edit]

Population of urban areas within municipal borders, as of 2000:

Residential areas[edit]

Number or inhabitants per residential area as of 2006:

  • Bollmora: 14 861
  • Trollbäcken: 11 916
  • Krusboda: 3 773
  • Tyresö Strand: 3 517
  • Öringe: 2 536
  • Brevikshalvön: 2 101
  • Lindalen: 1 828
  • South/East Tyresö: 860
  • "Unspecified": 84
  • Total: 41,476

Geography[edit]

View from Telegrafberget towards Stockholm. The Ericsson Globe can be seen on the horizon.

The vast bulk of Tyresö lies on the Södertörn peninsula, with some islands in the Baltic sea, of which Ägnö and Härsö are the largest ones. There are many lakes in Tyresö, being part of the Tyresån Lake System. In the south there is a large old forest of which a part is in the Tyresta national park, and other large parts are in other nature reserves.

The terrain is typical for the region, low hills and valleys formed by the last ice age. The highest point is at Telegrafberget, 84 metres (276 feet) above sea level.

Tyresö has a land border with Stockholm in the northwest, with Nacka in the north, and with Haninge in the south, a lake border with Huddinge in the west, and a sea border with Värmdö in the east and northeast.

Demography[edit]

Population development in Tyresö Municipality 1970–2017
Year Population
1970
27,112
1975
29,366
1980
31,061
1985
32,161
1990
33,973
1995
36,627
2000
39,071
2005
41,134
2010
42,947
2015
46,177
2017
47,304

Source: SCB - Folkmängd efter region och år.

Residents with a foreign background[edit]

On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 10 283, or 21.74% of the population (47 304 on the 31st of December 2017). On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 7 108, or 17.90% of the population (39 720 on the 31st of December 2002).[6]

Foreign countries of birth[edit]

On 31 December 2017 there were 47 304 residents in Tyresö, of which 7 710 people (16.30%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.[7]

Public transportation[edit]

Tyresö is served by the county-wide public transport system operated by AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik.

Tyresö is one of the few municipalities in Stockholm County without rail connections. Most of the bus routes connect to the Stockholm Metro at Gullmarsplan, but there are also buses running directly to and from central Stockholm.

Twin towns[edit]

Tyresö is twinned with:

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Tyresö Municipality:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2017" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "bollmora - tyresös mittpunkt". bollmora.se. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2013". Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  5. ^ "Storbranden 1999". tyresta.se. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  6. ^ Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 5 januari 2019)
  7. ^ a b Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 5 januari 2019

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°14′N 18°13′E / 59.233°N 18.217°E / 59.233; 18.217