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Tyriaeum or Tyriaion, also spelled Tyraion, was a Roman and Byzantine era civitas in the Roman Province of Pisidia,[1] located ten parasangs from Iconium[2] It was mentioned by Xenophon, and Pliny and Strabo tell us it was between Philomelium (Akshehr) and Laodicea Combusta.[3][4] It is tentatively identified with ruins near modern Teke Kozağaçi (Turkey) on the road from Antalya to Denizli[5] or near modern Ilgın.[6]


Cyrus the Younger reviewed his troops for the Cilician queen[7] at Tyriaeum, Pisidia.[8] The town was taken by Suleiman the Magnificent and Tamerlane.[9] In 1308 during the Crusades there was a massacre of refugees from Ephesus in this town by Sultan Saysan.[10]


The city was the seat of an ancient Bishopric. Bishop Theotececnus[11] cast a vote at the Council of Chalcedon. No longer a residential bishopric, it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.[12] Tyriaeum was long mistaken as the site of Thyatira of the Apocalypse.


  1. ^ John Anthony Cramer, A Geographical and Historical Description of Asia Minor, With a Map, Volume 2 (At the University Press, 1832) , p. 314.
  2. ^ Xenophon. Anabasis. 1.2.13.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. 14. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing ... Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors (Harper & Bros., 1841) p 768.
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. ^ Xenophon. Anabasis. 1.1.14.
  8. ^ Travels in the Track of the Ten Thousand Greeks: being a geographical and descriptive account of the expedition of Cyrus, and of the retreat of the Ten Thousand Greeks, as related by Xenophon (J. W. Parker, 1844). page 33.
  9. ^ Francis-Vyiyan-Jago Arundell, Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia, with an Excursion Into Pisidia (John Rodwell, 1828) p203.
  10. ^ Francis-Vyiyan-Jago Arundell, Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia, with an Excursion Into Pisidia (John Rodwell, 1828) p54.
  11. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1 (Liverpool University Press, 2005)p 84.
  12. ^ Catholic Hierarchy

Coordinates: 38°16′45″N 31°54′50″E / 38.2791667°N 31.9138889°E / 38.2791667; 31.9138889