|State of Austria|
|• Landeshauptmann||Günther Platter (ÖVP)|
|• Total||12,647.71 km2 (4,883.31 sq mi)|
|• Total||728,537 |
|• Density||58/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||AT-7|
|Votes in Bundesrat||5 (of 62)|
Tirol (/, , /; German: Tirol, pronounced [tiˈʀoːl] ( listen); Italian: Tirolo, pronounced [tiˈrɔlo]) is a federation state (Bundesland) in western Austria. It comprises the Austrian part of the historic Princely County of Tyrol, as well as the present-day Euroregion Tyrol–South Tyrol–Trentino. The capital of Tirol is Innsbruck.
The state of Tirol is separated into two parts, divided by a 20-kilometre wide (12 mi) strip, that is known as the Alpine divide. The larger area of the state is called North Tyrol (Nordtirol) and the smaller area South-East Tyrol (Osttirol). The neighboring Austrian state of Salzburg borders the Italian province of South Tyrol. With a land area of 12,683.85 km2 (4,897.26 sq mi), it is the third largest state in Austria.
North Tyrol shares its borders with the federal state of Salzburg in the east and Vorarlberg in the west. In the north, it adjoins to the German state of Bavaria; in the south, Italian South Tyrol (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region) as well as the Swiss canton of Graubünden. East Tyrol also shares its borders with the federal state of Carinthia in the east and the Italian Province of Belluno (Veneto) in the south.
The state's territory is located entirely in the Eastern Alps at the Brenner Pass. The highest mountain in the state is the Großglockner within the Hohe Tauern range at the border with Carinthia. It has a height of 3,797 m (12,457.35 ft), making it the highest mountain in Austria.
In ancient times, the region was split between the Roman provinces of Raetia (left of the Inn River) and Noricum. From the mid-6th century, it was resettled by Germanic Bavarii tribes. In the Early Middle Ages it formed the southern part of the German stem duchy of Bavaria, until the Counts of Tyrol, former Vogt officials of the Trent and Brixen prince-bishops at Tirol Castle, achieved imperial immediacy after the deposition of the Bavarian duke Henry the Proud in 1138, and their possessions formed a state of the Holy Roman Empire in its own right.
When the Counts of Tyrol became extinct in 1253, their estates were inherited by the Meinhardiner Counts of Görz. In 1271, the Tyrolean possessions were divided between Count Meinhard II of Görz and his younger brother Albert I, who took the lands of East Tyrol around Lienz and attached it (as "outer county") to his committal possessions around Gorizia ("inner county"). The last Tyrolean countess of the Meinhardiner Dynasty, Margaret, bequeathed her assets to the Habsburg duke Rudolph IV of Austria in 1363. In 1420, the committal residence was relocated from Meran to Innsbruck. The Tyrolean lands were reunited when the Habsburgs inherited the estates of the extinct Counts of Görz in 1500.
In the course of the German mediatization in 1803, the prince-bishoprics of Trent and Brixen were secularized and merged into the County of Tyrol (which in the next year became a constituent land of the Austrian Empire), but Tyrol was ceded to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1805. Later, South Tyrol was ceded to the Kingdom of Italy, a client state of the First French Empire, by Bavaria in 1810. After Napoleon's defeat, the whole of Tyrol was returned to Austria in 1814. It was a Cisleithanian Kronland (royal territory) of Austria-Hungary from 1867. The County of Tyrol, then extended beyond the boundaries of today's state, including the addition of North Tyrol and East Tyrol, the Italian provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino (Welschtirol) as well as three municipalities, which today is part of the adjacent Province of Belluno. After World War I, these lands became part of the Kingdom of Italy according to the 1915 London Pact and the provisions of the Treaty of Saint Germain.
The capital, Innsbruck, is known for its university, and especially for its medicine. Tirol is popular for its famous ski resorts, which include Kitzbühel, Ischgl and St. Anton. The 14 largest towns in Tirol are:
|5.||Hall in Tirol||12,695|
|10.||St. Johann in Tirol||8,766|
Via Air Travel
Tirol is fairly popular with tourists from around the world. Visiting Tirol is very easy when travelling via Innsbruck airport, which is just 30–40 minutes away by car. Flights to Innsbruck are available from a variety international destinations. Innsbruck-Kranebitten Airport is widely known as the opening to the centre of the Alps. Winter or summer, you'll surely enjoy some stunning picturesque landscapes.
One can travel to Tirol by catching a train of the Austrian, Swiss or German Railways for affordable, convenient and hassle-free travel to the Heart of the Alps. What else do you need with picturesque views and reasonably comfortable trains along the way. You can even consider catching the train from Linz or Villach to Innsbruck at a discount rate of just €19.00! Other trains are also available from Germany and the UK.
Getting to Tirol by car is super easy, no matter where you are coming from. Check a route planner for directions and to find the fastest and easiest way to get to all the places you want to go to.
Do remember that your car will probably need to equip your car with winter tires and carry a set of snow chains in your car in case you encounter any difficulties.
- Landeck District, (capital: Landeck)
- Reutte District, (Reutte)
- Imst District, (Imst)
- Innsbruck-Land, (Innsbruck)
- Innsbruck Stadt
- Schwaz District, (Schwaz)
- Kufstein District, (Kufstein)
- Kitzbühel District, (Kitzbühel)
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