Tysoe is a civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon district, in the county of Warwickshire, England, 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Banbury. The three main settlements in the parish, Upper, Middle and Lower Tysoe are on a hill, hence the respective village names. Upper and Middle Tysoe have now merged, whereas Lower Tysoe is still separate, a little further north. The estimated population of the parish is 1,050, based on the 2001 UK Census.
The name of the parish is derived from the Old English Tīwes hōh = "spur of land belonging to the god Týr", who was the god who gave his name to Tuesday. The place-name 'Tysoe' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Tiheshoche. Eilert Ekwall comments: "The etymology suggested is rendered likely by the fact that at Tysoe was a cut figure of a horse, after which the Vale of the Red Horse was named. The horse may have been a monument to a victory won by the Anglo-Saxons dedicated to the war-god."
The parish church is dedicated to St Mary and dates back to the 11th century. All three of the villages contain several 17th-century buildings, especially Middle Tysoe, which was once the main village of the parish. The local village primary school was opened in 1859 and has been extended in the 1980s and 2005. Compton Wynyates country house is just half a mile south of the village. Joseph Ashby, the agricultural trade unionist, was born in the village in 1859; his biography was written by his daughter Kathleen Ashby, teacher and historian.
Tysoe Parish & Community website can be found at: http://www.tysoe.org.uk
- P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 118. ISBN 0-7100-2010-4.
- Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.484.
- Information on the church
- Tysoe at British History Online
- Tysoe School Homepage
- Pevsner, Nikolaus and Wedgewood, Alexandra. The Buildings of England: Warwickshire, Penguin, 1966, p.543
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