Tysoe

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Tysoe is a civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon district, in the county of Warwickshire, England, 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Banbury. The three main settlements in the parish, Upper, Middle and Lower Tysoe are on a hill, hence the respective village names. Upper and Middle Tysoe have now merged, whereas Lower Tysoe is still separate, a little further north. The estimated population of the parish is 1,050, based on the 2001 UK Census.

The name of the parish is derived from the Old English Tīwes hōh = "spur of land belonging to the god Týr", who was the god who gave his name to Tuesday.[1] The place-name 'Tysoe' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Tiheshoche. Eilert Ekwall comments: "The etymology suggested is rendered likely by the fact that at Tysoe was a cut figure of a horse, after which the Vale of the Red Horse was named. The horse may have been a monument to a victory won by the Anglo-Saxons dedicated to the war-god."[2]

The parish church is dedicated to St Mary and dates back to the 11th century.[3] All three of the villages contain several 17th-century buildings, especially Middle Tysoe, which was once the main village of the parish.[4] The local village primary school was opened in 1859 and has been extended in the 1980s and 2005.[5] Compton Wynyates country house is just half a mile south of the village. Joseph Ashby, the agricultural trade unionist, was born in the village in 1859; his biography was written by his daughter Kathleen Ashby, teacher and historian.

As mentioned above, the parish once contained a hill figure, the Red Horse of Tysoe, which was recorded as early as 1607 but which is now lost.[6]

Tysoe Parish & Community website can be found at: http://www.tysoe.org.uk

References[edit]

  1. ^ P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 118. ISBN 0-7100-2010-4.
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.484.
  3. ^ Information on the church
  4. ^ Tysoe at British History Online
  5. ^ Tysoe School Homepage
  6. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus and Wedgewood, Alexandra. The Buildings of England: Warwickshire, Penguin, 1966, p.543

Coordinates: 52°05′N 1°30′W / 52.083°N 1.500°W / 52.083; -1.500

External links[edit]