Tysons Corner Center

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Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center WMATA Entrance.jpg
The entrance to Tysons Corner Center leading from the Washington Metro Silver Line mezzanine.
LocationTysons, Virginia, United States
Coordinates38°55′02″N 77°13′20″W / 38.91713°N 77.22224°W / 38.91713; -77.22224
Opening dateFebruary 4, 1968; 53 years ago (1968-02-04)
DeveloperLerner Enterprises
OwnerMacerich
No. of stores and services300+
No. of anchor tenants4 (1 vacant)
Total retail floor area2.4 million ft²
No. of floors2 for most of the mall, 3 in AMC Theatres, Food Court and Nordstrom, 4 in Bloomingdale's
ParkingSurfaced lots as well as 5 parking terraces
Public transit accessWMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro:
WMATA Silver.svg at Tysons Corner
Bus transport Metrobus: 23A, 23T, 28A
Bus transport Fairfax Connector bus: 401, 402, 423, 462, 463, 721
Websitehttp://www.shoptysons.com

Tysons Corner Center, located in the unincorporated area of Tysons in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States (between McLean and Vienna, Virginia), opened to the public in 1968, becoming one of the first fully enclosed, climate-controlled shopping malls in the Washington metropolitan area.[1] The mall's three department store anchors are Bloomingdale's, Macy's, and Nordstrom (a fourth anchor was vacated by Lord & Taylor in January 2020).

Tysons Corner Center is the largest mall in the Baltimore-Washington area, and the 10th largest in the United States. The mall is located 12.5 miles (20.1 km) from the central business district of Washington D.C., and neighbors a second mall, Tysons Galleria, across Chain Bridge Road. To distinguish the two, some people refer to Tysons Corner Center as "Tysons I," and Tysons Galleria as "Tysons II."

History[edit]

Tysons Corner Center was one of the first super-regional malls in the country, drawing customers from a multi-state area. The mall was built as a follow-on partnership by Isadore Gudelsky and Theodore Lerner's Wheaton Plaza which opened in 1960. On May 31, 1962 the $20 million project was awarded to Lerner-Gudelsky by a 4–2 vote against James Rouse's Rouse Company with a controversial vote by William H Moss, a County supervisor who also worked for Gudelsky's District Title Insurance Company.[2] A lawsuit involving an exchange of a lease for Lansburgh's in exchange for favorable zoning for the location delayed the opening until 1969.[3] Originally, the mall consisted of 1.2 million square feet (110,000 m2) on one level, three department stores (Hecht's, Lansburgh's, and Woodward & Lothrop), and 100 specialty stores, including Jelleff's. Discount chain Woolworth's operated a store where the current day L.L. Bean resides in the mall until the entire chain went under in 1997.

The Mall originally had 5 courts which were the Umbrella Court in front of Lansburgh's, Fashion Court, Fountain Court in front of Hechts, Aviary Court and Clock Court located near the Woodie's entrance. The fashion court stage and flight cage in the aviary court were replaced with fountains when the lower level was added, causing these areas to be mistakenly called "fountain courts" while the original fountains were removed from the Hecht's entrance. Some of the few remaining pieces of the original infrastructure of the 1968 mall are the escalators that serve the second and third floor of Bloomingdale's, which are the original Lansburgh's escalators, and the original passenger and freight elevators from Woodie's/JCPenney. Both are still in operation, however they are located in the back hallways and used as service elevators.[4]

Soon after Tysons Corner Center was constructed, the land surrounding the area — previously consisting of farms and rural residences — became prime real estate, prompting the construction of hotels, office buildings, and apartment complexes. Major retailers near Tysons Corner Center include Crate & Barrel, Tiffany & Co., Hermes Paris, Louis Vuitton, and Gucci, some of which are located in Fairfax Square.

From its opening until the 1990s, the mall contained a wide and diverse retail mix. Hot Shoppes cafeteria also occupied space in the mall until 1998. These types of stores shared space with higher-end tenants such as Liz Claiborne and A/X Armani Exchange. In the 2000s, under the ownership of Wilmorite Properties, the mall re-tenanted and has served as the primary launchpad location for a number of successful retail chains. LL Bean opened its first full line department store outside of its Freeport, Maine headquarters in 2000. Apple opened the first of its retail stores at Tysons in 2001, it plans to relocate to Tysons Galleria in the future. Martin + Osa and Cusp by Neiman Marcus opened in 2006. MNG By Mango made their U.S. debut at Tysons in 2006 as well, but that store has since closed. In 2007, Canadian-based clothing retailer Garage opened its first U.S. store at Tysons. Many retailers have flagship stores at the mall, including Pottery Barn and Victoria's Secret.

In 1995, Woodie's closed and became a JCPenney. This JCPenney location would close only 10 years later in 2005, with the building subsequently converted into two additional levels of mall space anchored by a 16-screen AMC multiplex movie theater, Barnes & Noble Booksellers, and Old Navy. A food court and AMC occupies the third floor.

In 1988, the mall was expanded to add a second floor, at which time Lord & Taylor and Nordstrom opened; this was the first Nordstrom east of the Mississippi River. Today, the mall has 2.1 million square feet (195,000 m2) of retail space on three levels, 16 movie screens, and nearly 300 stores. As part of the upcoming "Tysons Future" renovation and expansion plans, a glass elevator has been added to the Fashion Court (where the Nordstrom wing meets the main mall hallway), which opened on November 28, 2008.

In 2013, Tysons Corner Center was assessed for $1 billion, making it by far the most valuable property in the metropolitan area.[5]

In 2019, Lord & Taylor announced that its Tysons Corner Center location would close as part of a plan to close five stores nationwide. This location closed in January 2020.

Notable openings[edit]

The first Apple Store opened in Tysons Corner Center.

Plans[edit]

Inside Tysons Corner Center in the expansion wing in 2006.

The Washington Metro subway (Silver Line) has expanded westward to Tysons Corner, and eventually will be extended to Dulles Airport and beyond. The Tysons Corner station on the Silver Line is on the north side of the shopping center where Tysons Boulevard crosses State Route 123 (Chain Bridge Road). There are four stations in the Tysons Corner area. Utility relocation for the project began in 2008. The Silver Line opened July 26, 2014.

The Macerich Company, who acquired owner Wilmorite Properties in 2005, is developing Tysons Corner Center into a community location. There will be expansions for residential and commercial buildings, along with a hotel. There will also be slight expansions to the mall. The project will be completed in four stages and it is expected to be finished in 10 to 15 years, adding 3,500,000 sq ft (325,160 m2) of office, residential, and retail space.

Anchors and major stores[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The fully enclosed Iverson Mall in Hillcrest Heights, Maryland, opened in 1967.
  2. ^ Helen Dewar (24 October 1963). "Zone Case Conflict News to Supervisor". The Washington Post.
  3. ^ "Developer Lerner Gets Things Done: Lost Legal Fight Planned Wheaton Plaza Mind Like a 'Computer' Sidesteps Interview". The Washington Post. 4 May 1969.
  4. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVr2MUcizaA&ab_channel=dea41396returns
  5. ^ "Fairfax County's first billion dollar property: Tysons Corner Center". American City Business Journals.
  6. ^ "Nordstrom's newest." Daily News Record, (March 4, 1988) Ramey, Joanna
  7. ^ The Nordstrom Way (1996), 133
  8. ^ Tysons Corner bags LL Bean retail store
  9. ^ Keith Wagstaff (10 November 2011). "Check Out Every Apple Store Ever Opened, in Order". TIME Techland. TIME Inc. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  10. ^ Kellner, Mark. "Microsoft opens first area store". The Washington Times.
  11. ^ Jackman, Tom. "Spanx now have their own store in Tysons Corner". The Washington Post.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°55′02″N 77°13′20″W / 38.91713°N 77.22224°W / 38.91713; -77.22224