Tyto pollens, also known as the Andros Island barn owl, Bahamian barn owl, Bahamian great owl, or Chickcharney, is an extinct, 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall, burrow-nesting, flightless barn owl that lived in the old-growth pineyards (Caribbean Pine forests) of Andros Island in the Bahamas. When the island was colonised by Europeans and their slaves in the 16th century, the owls coexisted with them until the forests were felled. The destruction of the original forests may have led to the extinction of the species.
Scholars believe that T. pollens inspired the legend of the Chickcharney, a mischievous, bird-like dwarf that was said by early settlers to haunt the forests of Andros. According to legend the Chickcharney had red, glowing eyes, three-toed feet, and a head that could rotate in any direction.
- Wetmore, Alexander (1937). "Bird Remains from Cave Deposits on Great Exuma Island in the Bahamas" (PDF). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 80: 427–441.
- Marcot, Bruce G. (1995). Owls of old forests of the world (PDF). General Technical Reports. Portland, Oregon: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. p. 26.
- Late Quaternary prehistoric birds
- List of extinct birds
- List of fossil birds
- Flightless birds
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