Tyuleny Island (Sea of Okhotsk)
Location of Tyuleny Island in the Sea of Okhotsk.
|Federal subject||Sakhalin Oblast|
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
Tyuleny Island is located off the eastern side of the Gulf of Patience, 19 kilometres (12 mi) to the south of Cape Patience (Mys Terpeniya), off the coast of the southern end of the Terpeniya Peninsula of eastern Sakhalin island. It is 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) long and 19 metres (62 ft) wide.
Fur seals were hunted on the island between 1854 and 1897. Over 100,000 were caught, with over half being taken by foreign vessels illegally. This led to the seizure of several schooners by Russian men-of-war in 1884 and 1891 and the arrest of a party of seventeen men left by a British vessel in 1895.
There are many seals on Tyuleny's shores and in its surrounding waters, hence its name which means "seal" in the Russian language. It was formerly called "Robben Island" from the Dutch name for seal. 
- Worldcitydb.com: Geographic data
- "楽天が運営するポータルサイト ： 【インフォシーク】Infoseek". infoseek.co.jp.
- Jordan, David Starr (1898). The fur seals and fur-seal islands of the North Pacific Ocean. Washington, Govt. Print. Off.
- "Tyuleniy island". earthplatform.com.
- Win.tue.nl: former Robben Island name
- Kondratyev, A. Y., Litvinenko, N. M., Shibaev, Y. V., Vyatkin, P. S., & Kondratyeva, L. F. (2000). "The breeding seabirds of the Russian Far East". Seabirds of the Russian Far East, 37-81.
- "Isolation of tyuleniy virus from ticks ixodes (Ceratixodes) putus Pick.-camb. 1878 collected on Commodore Islands". Archiv für die gesamte Virusforschung. 38: 139–142. doi:10.1007/BF01249663.
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