Tyumen Oblast

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Tyumen Oblast
Тюменская область
Flag of Tyumen Oblast
Coat of arms of Tyumen Oblast
Coat of arms
Tyumen in Russia (+Khanty-Mansi +Yamalo-Nenets hatched).svg
Federal districtUrals[1]
Economic regionWest Siberian[2]
EstablishedAugust 14, 1944
Administrative centerTyumen
 • BodyOblast Duma
 • GovernorVladimir Yakushev[3]
 • Total1,435,200 km2 (554,100 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
 (2010 Census)[5]
 • Total3,395,755
 • Estimate 
3,692,400 (+8.7%)
 • Rank36th
 • Density2.4/km2 (6.1/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
ISO 3166 codeRU-TYU
License plates72
OKTMO ID71000000
Official languagesRussian[8]

Tyumen Oblast (Russian: Тюме́нская о́бласть, Tyumenskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tyumen. The oblast has administrative jurisdiction over two autonomous okrugsKhanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Tyumen is the largest city, with over half a million inhabitants. As of 2006, it is by far the richest federal subject of Russia, with an average GDP per capita several times the national average.[9] Population: 3,395,755 (2010 Census).[5]


There are a variety of fauna and flora in this region. In the northern part can be found ptarmigan, walrus and Arctic fox.[10] Polar bears also occur in the extreme north; the genetic make-up of this Polar bear sub-population is genetically distinct from other circumpolar regions.[11]


The city of Tyumen is an important service center for the gas and oil industries in Russia. Due to its advantageous location at the crossing of the Motor, Rail, Water and Air way and its moderate climate Tyumen was an ideal base town for servicing the oil and gas industry of West Siberia. As a result, many world level oil and gas companies such as Gazprom, LUKoil and Gazpromneft, TNK-BP, Shell (Salym Petroleum Development N.V.) have their representative offices there. Tyumen Oblast has the highest levels of oil and gas production of any region in Russia, which some argue has caused the high levels of economic inequality observed in the region.[12]

Administrative divisions


Population: 3,395,755 (2010 Census);[5] 3,264,841 (2002 Census);[13] 3,080,621 (1989 Census).[14]

Ethnic groups

There were thirty-six recognized ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each in Tyumen Oblast, making this one of the most multicultural oblasts in Russia. The national composition at the time of the 2010 Census was:[5]

Vital Statistics for 2011:[16]

  • Births: 55,118
  • Deaths: 29,261
  • Birth Rate: 16.25 per 1000
  • Death Rate: 8.62 per 1000
  • NGR: +7.63
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 59 668 (17.2 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 29 297 (8.4 per 1000) [17]
  • Total fertility rate: 2.00(e)

Note: Data for Total fertility rate (2012) is estimate based on age and sex structure of Tyumen Oblast at the beginning of 2012, number of births in 2012 and fertility structure in previous years.[18][19]


Religion in Tyumen Oblast (2012)[20][21]

  Russian Orthodox (28.9%)
  Other Orthodox (9%)
  Muslim (6%)
  Unaffiliated Christian (4%)
  Rodnover (2%)
  Protestant (1%)
  Hindu (0.4%)
  Spiritual but not religious (34%)
  Atheist (11%)
  Other or undeclared (3.7%)

According to a 2012 official survey[20] 28.9% of the population of Tyumen Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 9% follows other Orthodox Churches, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to Protestantism. 6% of the population is made up of Muslims, 2% adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism), and 0.4% to forms of Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism). In addition, 34% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 11% is atheist, and 3.7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[20]


A minor planet 2120 Tyumenia discovered in 1967 by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova is named after Tyumen Oblast.[22]

See also


  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Tyumen Oblast. Vladimir Vladimirovich Yakushev, Governor of Tyumen Oblast (in Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. (The rank is given without the autonomous okrugs' populations; the population and percentages are given for the territory of the oblast with the autonomous okrugs) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "2010Census" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ Валовой региональный продукт на душу населения
  10. ^ Bruce Forbes, The End of the Earth: Threats to the Yamal Region's Cultural and Biological Diversity [1]
  11. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, globalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
  12. ^ Buccellato, T (2009). "Oil and Gas: A Blessing for the few. Hydrocarbons and inequality in Russia" (PDF). Europe-Asia Studies. 61 (3): 385–407. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  16. ^ http://gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat/rosstatsite/main/population/demography/
  17. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  18. ^ http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b12_111/Main.htm
  19. ^ http://www.gks.ru/doc_2010/demo.pdf
  20. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  21. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
  22. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 172. ISBN 3-540-00238-3.