|Founded by||Yemenite Jews|
The village was established in 1950 by immigrants from Yemen. They were later joined by more immigrants from Morocco, who arrived in Israel in 1955. It was named after the ancient city of Tzelafon, which was located in the area. The name is derived from Hazelelponi, who was, according to the Talmud, the mother of Samson.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.