|Founded by||Yemenite Jews|
Tzelafon (Hebrew: צְלָפוֹן) is a moshav in central Israel. Located to the north of Beit Shemesh, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 945.
The village was established in 1950 by immigrants from Yemen on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village of Bayt Jiz. They were later joined by more immigrants from Morocco, who arrived in Israel in 1955. It was possibly named after the ancient city of Tzelafon (which was located in the area and named after Hazelelponi) or for the capparis (Hebrew: Tzalaf) bushes in the area.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains:The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 365. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Yoav Regev (2001) New Israel Guide, Vol. 10: The Shephelah, Keter, Yedioth Ahronoth and the Ministry of Defense