Tzvi Tzur in 1955.
Israel Defence Forces
|Years of service||1936 - 1963|
Chief of Staff
|Battles/wars||1948 Arab-Israeli War |
Tzvi Tzur was born in the little locality Zaslav, now Iziaslav in the north of Khmelnitsky ( north of Podolia or south of Volhynia) in Ukraine, in 1923 as Czera Czertenko and emmigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine at age 2. In 1936, at the peak of the Great Arab Uprising and the 1936-1939 pogroms he joined the Hagannah in order to help protect the Jews from Arab rioters.
With the outbreak of Israel War of Independence he was appointed as a battalion leader in the Givati Brigade. Tzur was the founder of the fast jeep reconnaissance company "Samson's Foxes" (שועלי שמשון), which waged bitter battles in the southern front. After the end of the war, he undertook organizing roles and went to study manpower management in the United States.
In 1956 he was promoted to the rank of Major General and was appointed as the commander of the central front. In 1958 he was appointed as deputy chief of staff and went for long period of study in France. He returned on September 1960.
He replaced Haim Laskov as the IDF chief of staff.
Chief of Staff
In January 1961 Tzur was appointed as the IDF Chief of Staff. One of his first actions was to appoint Major General Yitzhak Rabin as his deputy. Tzur's term was relatively quiet, except for border incidents with Syria which shelled Israeli settlement from the Golan Heights. The biggest IDF operation during Tzur's term was held on March 16, 1962, when the Golani Brigade raided Syrian outposts to the north of the Sea of Galilee in order to stop Syrian shelling. 7 Israeli soldiers and 30 Syrian soldiers were killed during the battle. However, the shelling was not stopped in the area and on August 19, 1963, Syrian forces murdered two civilians in Almagor.
Tzur also prepared the IDF for a war with the Arab armies and built up the defense forces so that it could stop Arab attacks. In August 1961, the president of Egypt, Gamal Abdul Nasser revealed that Israel obtained Dassault Mirage III jet fighters, to counter Egyptian Soviet-made MiG-19s. The Mirages proven themselves very well and served as the Israeli Air Force's main fighter for many years. The Mirages contributed substantially to Israel's victory in the Six-Day War and the elimination of the combined Arab airpower of Egypt, Syria and Jordan, as did other two notable acquisitions by Tzur, the Centurion tanks and MIM-23 Hawk surface-to-air missile technology.
Tzur retired from duty in December 1963.
Civlian and political career
|Year of aliyah||1925|
After his retirement Tzur was appointed as the general manager of Mekorot, Israel's national water company. Under pressure from Moshe Dayan to enter the political fray, in the 1965 elections he was elected to the Knesset on the list of Rafi, David Ben-Gurion's party. However, he resigned from the Knesset after just a month, and was replaced by Aryeh Bahir, before returning to work in Mekorot.
With the appointment of Dayan as Minister of Defense in May 1967, Tzur was asked to assist Dayan and served as an adviser to the Minister of Defense for seven years.