U' pastizz 'rtunnar
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Region or state||Basilicata|
|Main ingredients||Pork, eggs, cheese|
It is a type of calzone, originated between the 18th and 19th century. It has felt the influence of other cultures over the time such as Albanians, who enriched the local cuisine with their flavors and elements. By tradition, pastizz was prepared in particular events of the year (pig slaughter, Easter and the celebration of Saint Mary of Anglona), when the availability of meat was increased. The half-moon shape is linked to a symbolism that refers to the concepts of female fertility and prosperity and recalls that of a large womb that holds nutritious elements. Today it can be found at bakeries, restaurants, and pizzerias, although homemade tradition is still common.
Pastizz is traditionally cooked in a wood-burning oven. Its dimension is 15-20 cm long and 10-12 cm wide. Fresh seasoned pork (or, more rarely, goat meat) is the main ingredient, in addition to egg and cheese, and seasoned with salt, diced parsley, pepper and extra virgin olive oil. The dough is obtained by mixing hard wheat flour, lard, water, extra virgin olive oil and salt.
- "U' Pastizz 'Rtunnar Calzone". fondazioneslowfood.com. Retrieved July 26, 2020.