|Parent house||Connachta (Dál Cuinn)|
|Founded||5th century AD|
|Current head||by sept dynast|
The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation: [iː ˈnʲeːl̠ʲ], descendants of Niall) are Irish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noígíallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), a historical King of Tara who died c. 405. They are generally divided into the Northern and Southern Uí Néill.
The founders of the Uí Néill branches are the alleged sons of Niall Noigiallach, seven in all:
The Northern Uí Néill branch:
The Southern Uí Néill branch:
- Éndae, ancestor of the Cenél nÉndai
- Coirpre, ancestor of the Cenél Coirpri dynasty.
- Lóegaire, ancestor of the Cenél Lóegaire dynasty.
- Conall Cremthainne, ancestor of the Clann Cholmáin and Síl nÁedo Sláine.
- Fiachu, ancestor of the Cenél Fiachach.
All these men were in their lifetime known as members of Connachta dynasty, or as "the sons of Niall." The term Uí Néill did not, by its very nature, come into use until the time of Niall's grandsons and great-grandsons.
Dynasties descended from the Uí Néill, such as the Cenél Conaill and Cenél nEógain, held power in Ulster until their defeat in the Nine Years War in 1603. Many of the heads of the families left for Catholic Europe in 1607, an event known as the Flight of the Earls.
Uí Néill family tree
Bold indicates a supposed High King of Ireland.
|Genealogy of the Uí Néill|
- Downham, 2018, pp. 93-7.
- Downham, Clare (2018), Medieval Ireland, Cambridge.
- O'Brien, Michael A., ed. (1962). Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae. 1. Kelleher, John V. (intro. in the reprints of 1976 and 2005). Dublin: DIAS. pp. 133–4, 178–80. ISBN 0901282316. OCLC 56540733. Genealogical tables for the Uí NéillCS1 maint: postscript (link)
- Byrne, Francis John (1973), Irish Kings and High Kings, Dublin.
- Ó Muraíle, Nollaig (2005), "Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh", The Great Book of Irish Genealogies, Dublin.
- Smyth, Alfred P (1974), "The Hui Neill and the Leinstermen in the Annals of Ulster, 431–516 A.D", Études Celtiques: 121–43.