"U-S-A!" is a chant of the United States of America's initials popular in expressing American pride and supporting American national sports teams. It is also used in other community events, such as at political rallies.
Use in sports
The film Olympia: Festival of Nations, documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics, includes the chant during the finals of the 1500 meter event and the long jump. It was also documented at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, during the basketball tournament final between the United States and the Soviet Union.
However, the chant was popularized in the context of ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics. During the U.S.'s 7–3 win over Czechoslovakia in the second game, the crowd began chanting "U-S-A! U-S-A!" in support of the American hockey team as the Americans scored a decisive win over one of the best teams in the world. The chant became a fixture of the team's remaining games and gained national attention after the U.S. defeated the Soviet Union in what became known as the "Miracle on Ice", later moving on to beat Finland for the gold medal.
Use in professional wrestling
In professional wrestling, "Hacksaw" Jim Duggan was popularly known for making the cheer during his wrestling matches and inciting the crowd to repeat it after him. The chant has also been used by fans to taunt characters who dislike America, such as Canadian star Bret Hart, who was beloved in the United States but turned his back on the country during an infamous 1997 storyline; the Bulgarian-born Rusev, who was portrayed as hailing from Russia and pledged his allegiance to Russia and its president Vladimir Putin throughout 2014/2015, all while bashing the United States alongside his manager Lana; and most recently, Kevin Owens, who, ever since capturing the United States Championship at WrestleMania 33 against Chris Jericho, proclaimed himself as "The Face of America" despite hailing from a small town near Montreal, and would constantly remind the WWE Universe that Canada is better than the United States. He would also sometimes speak in his native French during his promos in order to draw further heel heat. It has also been used to support wrestlers with pro-American gimmicks, like Hulk Hogan, regardless of the nationality of their opponents.
Post 9/11 usage
The 9/11 attacks found a revival in the chant during patriotic ceremonies at sporting events; the chant was also heard when U.S. President George W. Bush visited the ruins at the World Trade Center site in the week following the 2001 attacks. The chant at the ruins was started by North Hudson Firefighter Thomas Irving, who was there for clean-up along with many other first responders. Crowds gathered outside of the White House on May 1, 2011 could be heard chanting "U-S-A!" after President Barack Obama announced that al-Qaeda co-founder Osama bin Laden had been killed by American forces in Pakistan. The cheer was also chanted that Sunday evening at the only MLB baseball game being held while the news was breaking, between the Philadelphia Phillies and the New York Mets. At the 2011 WWE Extreme Rules event in Tampa, Florida on the same date, the arena erupted in U-S-A chants as the death of Osama bin Laden was announced by then WWE Champion, John Cena.
The "U-S-A" chant has been adopted by English football supporters during matches against Manchester United, who have American owners unpopular with the club's supporters due to the club's being saddled by massive debt. Opposing supporters remind the United supporters of this with the "U-S-A" chant; this was also true of Liverpool, until the RBS takeover. However, the chant is also used non-sarcastically by British supporters to celebrate achievements of American players such as Tim Howard at Everton.
The chant, led by Woody Boyd, was used in the Cheers episode "A Fine French Whine" upon hearing the news that a French citizen with eyes on Boyd's girlfriend has overstayed his visa and would soon be deported. It has shown up on The Jerry Springer Show, where it may spontaneously and without apparent reason follow the show's standard cheer of "Jer-ry, Jer-ry!" and is also often delivered by Homer Simpson on The Simpsons as a celebration of almost anything, often accompanied by honking of his car's horn and flashing of its headlights. The chant is also used on It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia when the gang come up with a plan.
On April 13, 2017, President of the United States Donald Trump used the chant as a patriotic valediction in a public message sent using the social media platform Twitter regarding a potential preemptive military attack by the United States on North Korea. He said, "I have great confidence that China will properly deal with North Korea. If they are unable to do so, the U.S., with its allies, will! U.S.A."
- Olympia Part 1 Fest der Völker 1938 with English Subs. The chant "U-S-A, U-S-A, U-S-A" is repeated at the 0:58:53 and 1:01:57 marks
- 1972 München Olympic Games, Basketball, USSR - USA, Final, Men - YouTube
- Pitt, William Rivers (2005-03-01). "The Third Stage of American Empire". truthout.org.
- Vermillion, James. "Their Dark Dads: How can you be so Hart-less?". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
- "President Bush Salutes Heroes in New York". 2001-09-14.
- Politico, May 3, 2011.
- "'USA' chants spell trouble for Calif. students". KTAR. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
Jeffrey Dransfeldt (7 February 2013). "Chanting at Camarillo High basketball game sparks rally, racism concerns". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
Todd Starnes (13 February 2013). "Students Told to Remove Patriotic Bandanas". Fox News Radio. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
"Camarillo High School Students Punished For 'U.S.A.' Chant Viewed As Offensive To Latinos (VIDEO)". Huffington Post. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.