United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command
|Space and Missile Defense Command|
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
|Active||1 October 1997 – present|
|Branch||United States Army|
|Part of||United States Strategic Command|
|Headquarteres||Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, U.S.|
|Lieutenant General James H. Dickinson|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
The United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command (SMDC) is a specialized major command within the United States Army. The command was established in 1997.
The Army Space Command (ARSPACE) stood up in April 1988 as a field operating agency of the Deputy Chief of Staff (of the Army) for Operations and Plans. As the Army component of U.S. Space Command, ARSPACE was to provide the Army perspective in planning for Department of Defense space support and ensure the integration of Army requirements into joint planning for space support and "conduct planning for DoD space operations in support of Army strategic, operational and tactical missions."
A relatively small organization, it was soon put to the test. The new command was instrumental in bringing space assets to U.S. Army forces during Operation Desert Storm. Following the war, new operational missions, such as the Army Space Support Teams and the Joint Tactical Ground Stations, became key elements of the Army space program.
Organizationally however, ARSPACE remained a command, a Tables of Distribution and Allowances, or TDA, organization with offices and directorates according to mission, rather than an Army operational Table of Organization and Equipment unit. This changed on May 1, 1995. On that date, ARSPACE's Military Satellite Communications Directorate or MILSATCOM Directorate became the 1st Satellite Control, or SATCON, Battalion—the first Army battalion with an operational mission tied to space systems and capabilities.
The SMDC is an organization composed of several components:
- SMDC Headquarters and the Force Development Integration Center in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
- U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command / U.S. Army Forces Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) located in Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado
- Space and Missile Defense Technical Center (SMDTC)
- Space and Missile Defense Battle Lab (SMDBL)
- Space and Missile Defense Acquisition Center (SMDAC) based in Huntsville, Alabama; the SMDAC comprises:
- High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF), at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
- U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll/Reagan Test Site (USAKA/RTS), in the Republic of the Marshall Islands and at Wake Island
- Army Space Program Office (ASPO) in Alexandria, Virginia
- Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensors Project Office (JLENS) based in Huntsville, Alabama
- Ballistic Missile Targets Joint Project Office (BMTJPO) based in Huntsville, Alabama
The 1st Space Brigade (Provisional) was activated in May 2003, with the 1st Space Battalion, the 1st Satellite Control Battalion (later to become the 53rd Signal Battalion), and the 193rd Space Battalion (Colorado Army National Guard).
On October 20, 2007 the provisional 193rd Space Battalion became a permanent-status unit, the 117th Space Battalion. The Colorado Guard's 117th Space Battalion is not part of 1st Space Brigade and is controlled by the National Guard. However, it has a Training, Readiness, Oversight (TRO) relationship with 1st Space Brigade.
The current SMDC commander is Lieutenant General James H. Dickinson with Senior Enlisted Advisor Command Sergeant Major Jerome Wiggins.
The Space and Missile Defense program at West Point
After the 2001 Space Commission identified the need for Space cadre in the DoD, the United States Military Academy (USMA) initiated an SMD program. By 2020, cadets who have majored in Space Science will have graduated from the USMA.
- [null LTG Kevin T. Campbell, December 2006-December 2010]
- [null LTG Larry J. Dodgen, December 2003-December 2006]
- Lieutenant General Joseph M. Cosumano, Jr.: from April 2001 – unknown
- Brigadier General John M. Urias: March 2001 - April 2001
- Lieutenant General John Costello: October 1998 - March 2001
- Colonel (P) Steven W. Flohr: August - October 1998, Interim Commander
- Lieutenant General Edward G. Anderson III: October 1997 - August 1998 Commander, USASSDC, October 1996 - September 1997
Joint Functional Component Command for Integrated Missile Defense Comparable organizations
- "SMDC History: 20th anniversary of the creation of 1st SATCON Battalion". www.army.mil. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Meet your Army: Chief trains Soldiers to detect missiles, Accessed on 2016-09-06
- Army activates 2nd Space Battalion
- Jason B. Cutshaw, USASMDC/ARSTRAT Public Affairs (November 29, 2017) 53rd Signal Battalion leads the Army's space operations
- SGT Benjamin Crane, 100th Missile Defense Brigade (GMD) Public Affairs (September 15, 2011) Missile defense exercise spans globe
- Staff Sgt. Jack W. Carlson III (February 18, 2010) This week at the 49th Missile Defense BN
- Associated Press, "U.S. Army tests new dirigible craft to detect cruise missiles", 20 April 2010.
- "The Eagle" (PDF). May 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-18.
- Kenney, Laura D. (October 25, 2007). "117th Space Battalion's new colors flown on shuttle Atlantis". Peterson Air Force Base. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Jason B. Cutshaw, SMDC/ARSTRAT (March 23, 2017). "SMDC partners with military academy to develop future space officers".
- "Conclusions and Appendicies" (PDF).